|Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System|
The Frazier Islands were delineated from aerial photographs taken by US Navy's Operation Highjump in February 1947. Nelly Island was visited on 21 January 1956 by a party of the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE) who established an astronomical control station there. It was so named by ANARE because of the giant petrels, or nellies, nesting there.
Antarctic Specially Protected Area
The island forms part of the Frazier Islands Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA) No.160 because it supports one of only four known breeding colonies of Southern Giant Petrels on continental Antarctica.
- "Frazier Islands, Windmill Islands, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica". Management Plan for Antarctic Specially Protected Area No. 160: Measure 13, Annex. Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2008. Retrieved 2013-03-11.
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