Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality

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Nelson Mandela Bay
Metropolitan municipality
Official seal of Nelson Mandela Bay
Seal
Location in the Eastern Cape
Location in the Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 33°57′S 25°36′E / 33.950°S 25.600°E / -33.950; 25.600Coordinates: 33°57′S 25°36′E / 33.950°S 25.600°E / -33.950; 25.600
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
Seat Port Elizabeth
Wards 60
Government[2]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor Nkosinathi Benson Fihla
 • Municipal Manager Mpilo Mbambisa[1]
Area
 • Total 1,959 km2 (756 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 1,152,115
 • Density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[3]
 • Black African 60.1%
 • Coloured 23.6%
 • Indian/Asian 1.1%
 • White 14.4%
First languages (2011)[4]
 • Xhosa 53.9%
 • Afrikaans 29.3%
 • English 13.5%
 • Other 3.3%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code NMA

Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality (Afrikaans: Nelson Mandelabaai Metropolitaanse Munisipaliteit) is one of eight Metropolitan (or Category A) municipalities in South Africa. It is located on the shores of Algoa Bay in the Eastern Cape province, and comprises the city of Port Elizabeth, the nearby towns of Uitenhage and Despatch, and the surrounding rural area.

The name "Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality" was chosen to honour former President Nelson Mandela.

History[edit]

In 2001, the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality was formed as an administrative area covering Port Elizabeth, the neighbouring towns of Uitenhage and Despatch and the surrounding agricultural areas.

Demographics and statistics[edit]

Geographical distribution of home languages in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metro
  Afrikaans
  English
  isiXhosa
  No language dominant

As of the census of 2001,[5] there are 1,005,776 people and 260,798 households in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. The official estimate of population in 2007 was 1,050,930.

In the 2007 census, 60.4% of respondents described themselves as Black African, 22.6% Coloured, 16.1% White and 0.9% Indian/Asian.

The largest religious groupings are Christian (89.4% of residents), No Religion (6.1%), Muslim (1.5%), Jewish (0.4%) and Hindu (0.3%).

57.3% of the residents speak IsiXhosa as their mother tongue. Afrikaans is the mother tongue of 29.7%, and English, 12.1%.

  • 16.0% of all households are single-person.
  • The average household size is 3.86.
  • The median age is 26 years.
  • For every 100 females there are 91.2 males.
  • 28.2% of the population aged 15–65 is unemployed.
  • The median annual income of working adults aged 15–65 is ZAR 21 837 ($3,282).

According to the 2009 edition of the municipality's 2006–2011 Integrated Development Plan, manufacturing is the single largest contributor to the local economy (33%), followed by community services (27%). Tourism represents a key sector of the economy that has increasingly contributed to job creation in recent years, thanks in large part to the municipality's seaside location and its abundance of unspoiled beaches, of which four carry Blue Flag status.[6]

100% of households have access to a source of water within a 200 m radius. 91% of households have access to a basic level of sanitation. 100% of households within the urban boundary have access to a basic level of solid waste removal, and 97% of households in formally demarcated municipal residential areas have access to a basic level of electricity. The municipality has 41 permanent and satellite clinics, 13 mobile clinics, eight hospitals, 22 libraries, 31 community and municipal halls, 79 sports facilities, 19 beaches, 18 pools, 273 schools, one university (the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University), four technical colleges and two Further Education and Training institutions.[6]

Government[edit]

The municipal council consists of one hundred and twenty members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Sixty councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in sixty wards, while the remaining sixty are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received.

The council has been dominated by the African National Congress since its inception. The most recent election on 18 May 2011, however, was closely contested; the ANC retained a narrow majority after losing seats to the Democratic Alliance and the Congress of the People. The following table shows the results of the election.[7][8]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total  % Ward List Total
African National Congress 187,271 189,867 377,138 51.9 34 29 63
Democratic Alliance 145,012 146,559 291,571 40.1 26 22 48
Congress of the People 18,144 17,784 35,928 4.9 0 6 6
United Democratic Movement 1,998 1,965 3,963 0.5 0 1 1
Pan Africanist Congress 2,075 1,884 3,959 0.5 0 1 1
Independent 2,789 2,789 0.4 0 0
African Christian Democratic Party 1,466 1,295 2,761 0.4 0 1 1
Azanian People's Organisation 807 1,030 1,837 0.3 0 0 0
Freedom Front Plus 911 745 1,656 0.2 0 0 0
African People's Convention 50 1,575 1,625 0.2 0 0 0
Christian Democratic Party 668 594 1,262 0.2 0 0 0
African Community Movement 658 497 1,155 0.2 0 0 0
United Independent Front 303 233 536 0.1 0 0 0
South African Progressive Civic Organisation 174 175 349 0.0 0 0 0
Total 362,326 364,203 726,529 100.0 60 60 120
Spoilt votes 4,342 4,143 8,485

Main places[edit]

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[9]

Place Code Area (km2) Population Most spoken language
Beachview 27501 0.78 500 Afrikaans
Bethelsdorp 27502 77.64 134,617 Afrikaans
Blue Horizon Bay 27503 2.74 409 Afrikaans
Cannonvale 27504 0.69 196 Afrikaans
Colchester 27505 1.28 743 Afrikaans
Despatch 27506 38.75 25,086 Afrikaans
Gqebera 27507 1.90 16,686 Xhosa
Ibhayi 27508 23.69 255,826 Xhosa
Kabah 27509 1.68 3,282 Afrikaans
Khaya Mnandi 27510 0.82 5,379 Xhosa
Kwa Langa 27511 0.70 8,196 Xhosa
Kwadwesi 27512 5.10 17,733 Xhosa
Kwanobuhle 27513 15.34 87,585 Xhosa
Motherwell 27514 29.52 117,319 Xhosa
Port Elizabeth 27516 335.30 237,500 Afrikaans
Seaview 27517 1.60 732 English
Uitenhage 27518 84.77 71,666 Afrikaans
Woodridge 27519 0.56 270 Xhosa
Young Park 27520 0.52 762 Afrikaans
Remainder of the municipality 27515 1,328.77 21,281 Xhosa

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nelsonmandelabay.gov.za/Content.aspx?objID=34
  2. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, age in 5 year groups and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, language and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Census 2001 home page". Statistics South Africa. 
  6. ^ a b "Integrated Development Plan 2006–2011 of the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, 8th edition". Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  7. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Nelson Mandela Bay". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Nelson Mandela Bay". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Lookup Tables – Statistics South Africa

See also[edit]

External links[edit]