Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium

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Not to be confused with Nelson Mandela Forum.
Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium
The Sunflower
Nelson Mandela Stadium in Port Elizabeth.jpg
Full name Nelson Mandela Bay Multi-Purpose Stadium
Location 70 Prince Alfred Road
North End
Port Elizabeth
South Africa[1]
Coordinates 33°56′16″S 25°35′56″E / 33.93778°S 25.59889°E / -33.93778; 25.59889Coordinates: 33°56′16″S 25°35′56″E / 33.93778°S 25.59889°E / -33.93778; 25.59889
Broke ground 2007
Opened 6 June 2009 (first event)
16 June 2009 (first match)
28 February 2010 (official opening)
Renovated 2009
Expanded 2009
Owner Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality
Operator Access Facilities and Leisure Management (Pty) Limited
Surface Grass
Construction cost Rand 2.05 billion
(USD $ 270 million)
Architect Architectural Design Associates(Pty)Ltd & Dominic Bonnesse Architects cc
Capacity 42,486 (2010 FIFA World Cup)[2]
48,459 (Football and Rugby)[1]
Field size Football – 105m X 68m
Rugby – 100m X 70m
Tenants
Chippa United (Premier Soccer League) (2014- present)
Eastern Province Kings (Currie Cup) (2010- present)
South Africa Sevens (IRB Sevens World Series) (2011–present)
Southern Kings (Super Rugby) (2013- present)

Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium is a 48,459-seater stadium in Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape, South Africa.

The five-tier, R2 billion (approximately $159 million) Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium was built overlooking the North End Lake, at the heart of the city. It is one of three coastal stadiums built in anticipation of the 2010 FIFA World Cup. It regularly hosts large-scale rugby union and football (soccer) matches. The stadium has also been used as a concert venue.

Background[edit]

This is the first time a world-class football stadium has been built in the Eastern Cape province. The city of Port Elizabeth did not have a large-scale football facility, as under the apartheid government, football was not given much funding. Football clubs in the city had to make use of smaller scale venues throughout the city. Before this stadium was built, most large football matches were played at the EPRU Stadium, the city's rugby ground. The EPRU Stadium was often problematic for football, as it normally hosts rugby matches, thus the playing surface was not of a great standard. When Port Elizabeth was chosen as a host city for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the city decided against upgrading the EPRU Stadium. This was because it would have needed to be almost completely rebuilt, in order to be upgraded to FIFA requirements. The city then decided on building a brand new, multipurpose stadium, in the heart of the city.

Inevitably, there was a great deal of speculation about the status of stadium construction in the run-up to the 2010 FIFA World Cup, with the requirement that all the FIFA World Cup host stadiums must be completed by January 2010. The Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium was the first of five new stadiums to start construction. The other new stadiums are in Cape Town, Durban, Polokwane and Nelspruit.

The stadium is named after the administrative district which the stadium is within, the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, itself named after Nelson Mandela, the former President of South Africa. The Nelson Mandela Bay area is made up of the city of Port Elizabeth, the towns of Uitenhage and Despatch, as well as smaller settlements.

The stadium is sometimes incorrectly called the 'Nelson Mandela Stadium' in the media. This may lead to confusion, as there is a Nelson Mandela Stadium in Kampala, Uganda. It is also sometimes mistakenly claimed that the stadium is named after Mandela, rather than the metropolitan area named in his honour.

Design[edit]

The stadium was designed by Siyabonga Nyezi and Yandisa Dalamba of Holy Cross as part of the Department of Public Works' National Construction Week Programme in 2006.[3] The stadium has an eye-catching, unique roof-structure and a spectacular view, overlooking the North End Lake. The roof is made up of a series of white 'petals' making it look like a flower. This is the reason for the stadium's nickname, The Sunflower. There are not many stadiums in the world that are designed and constructed overlooking a lake; this in itself is a very distinctive feature of the Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium. The stadium building is approximately 40m high and consists of six levels on the western side in addition to five on each of the north, south and east stands.[1] The main architecture was handled by Architectural Design Associates(Pty)Ltd and Dominic Bonnesse Architects cc. The stadium has three gates for entry, located on the northern, southern and eastern sides of the stadium, the western side of the stadium leads to the North End Lake. The 3 gates are: gate A-B, in Milner Avenue, gate B-C, in Prince Alfred Road, and gate C-D, in Fettes Road.[4]

Facilities[edit]

The stadium seats 45 000 in addition to 4,000 extra seats, temporarily installed for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The seats are of different shades, from light orange to dark red. They are arranged seemingly at random, but this was done to help the stadium appear full at all times. It also means that sun damage is less of a problem and replaced seats are less noticeable. There are 23 private boxes with a planned additional 22 private boxes, including two bars, as part of the post World Cup building. The stadium also boasts 150 VIP suites, 60 business suites, a sports clothing shop, gymnasium, plus lecture and function rooms. There are also two conference rooms, which are able to accommodate 200 people, which are situated on the 5th level.

There are four ramps for easy wheelchair access, three VIP/VVIP lifts, two in the West Stand and one in the East Stand, as well as six passengers' lifts all around the stadium. Two additional lifts will be installed for the legacy phase. The stadium will have a total of 11 lifts. There are 32 turnstiles and colour-coded gates on level 2 for spectators to access their seats and four ramps leading up from level 2 to level 5.

Two big viewing screens (12.7m x 7.2m) were installed for live coverage of the activities on the field. There are a total of 74 toilet blocks (male and female) – 36 blocks on level 2 – 4 blocks on level 3 – 14 blocks on level 4 and 20 blocks on level 5.

Parking inside the stadium is provided only on level 1 and consists of media parking – 160 bays, broadcast – 80 bays, VVIP parking – 70 bays, special VVIP parking – 12 bays, VIP parking – 32 Bays, disabled parking – 4 bays and general parking on site – 1,280 bays.[1]

Pitch[edit]

The playing surface is made of natural grass that was grown off site, in the St Albans area. The areas surrounding the pitch are made of artificial turf.[1] The field that was originally laid was a mixture of kikuyu grass and rye grass. For the 2010 FIFA World Cup though, the field will be made up completely of rye grass.

The field was designed to be able to accommodate both football and rugby. The pitch is maintained by a group of 5 people, who work day and night to ensure the quality of the playing surface. The field is currently watered at 2 am due to a severe drought and heatwave in the area.[5] A 'pitch grow' lighting system is used to ensure that all grass on the pitch grows properly. A unit with 6 1,000 watt bulbs is used to help certain parts of the pitch covered by shadow due to the stadium roof.[6]

For football the field is marked at the FIFA approved dimensions of 105m by 68m. For rugby the field is marked at 100 m long by 70 m wide, it also has two 10 m by 70 m 'in-goal areas' behind

Construction[edit]

The stadium's construction was handled by a consortium made up of Ibhayi JV. It was built on the site of the old Parks Rugby Club, and the Prince Alfred Park.

The roof material of the stadium consists of a combination of aluminium cladding, combined with a membrane material called polytetraflurethylene(PTFE), which is a coated glass-fibre fabric and steel super structure. This tensile structure was supplied and installed by Australian company. The total length of piles installed is 21,000 m and the material excavated is 138,000 m3.

The local building industry has benefited a great deal due to the construction of the stadium. The implementation of this huge, fast track project has introduced several local role players to a new scale of development which will be beneficial to the local construction industry now and the future. The construction process has also included extensive use of local suppliers and experts in conjunction with international specialists, ensuring that adequate skills transfers take place.

An estimated total of 6,800 jobs were created throughout the process and the development of the stadium will result in the upliftment and urban renewal of the surrounding residential and commercial area of North End and the major routes leading to the stadium. The stadium will bring vast social and economic opportunities, during and after the World Cup.[7]

Financing[edit]

Original estimates put the cost of the stadium at R895 million, of which the city of Port Elizabeth would have been expected to pay R 95 million.[8] This was part of an informal agreement on World Cup stadium funding, whereby local municipalities would cover 10% of costs, provincial government 20% and national treasury would cover the other 70%.[8]

As with other World Cup stadium in South Africa, construction costs for the Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium spiralled substantially. It increased from the June 2006 estimated cost of R 711 million, to R 1.5 billion in May 2008, and finally the completed cost of R 2.065 billion.[8] The stadium eventually cost R 2.1 billion to build, of which the city has already paid R 336 million, and may still be laible to pay a shortfall of R 261 million.[8] However, if the shortfalls are calculated based on the 10-20-70 split, then the national government may still owes the city R 70.5 million and provincial government R 191 million.[8] National treasury has so far contributed R 1.375 billion, or 66.5% of the stadium’s cost.[8] Despite this, national treasury has stated that they will not issue more funds to World Cup stadiums.

It appears as though Port Elizabeth residents may make up the short fall through larger rates increases. There will be an extra 2% increase in property rates, an extra 1% increase in water tariffs and sanitation and refuse rates, as well as an extra 4% increase in electricity tariffs.[8]

The stadium's running costs are estimated to be R18 million per year. The stadiums operating company, Access Facilities and Leisure Management, expect to break even by 2012.[9]

Post-World Cup usage[edit]

After the World Cup the stadium may be used as the home ground for the Southern Kings if they are admitted to Super Rugby. While Melbourne has been announced as the winner of the 15th franchise,[10] the Southern Kings are now hoping to be included in the South African Conference.[11]

Bay United may use the stadium if they return to the Premier Soccer League, however the club's chairman, Sipho Pityana has raised the concern of stadium rental being too high for the club to afford.[12] In contrast, Nelson Mandela Bay SAFA regional president, Johnson Kula, has said that Bay United play a key role in the viability of the stadium.[13]

The stadium will also likely be used to host Springbok test matches and Bafana Bafana matches. It has now been confirmed that the stadium will host the 2011 Tri Nations match between the Springboks and New Zealand.[14]

The stadium is likely to host a leg of the 2011 Vodacom Challenge,[15] as it did in 2009. The stadium management are also in talks with PSL clubs, in an attempt to have one of them move to the stadium.[15]

The South African leg of the IRB Sevens World Series was up for tender in late 2010, and the Eastern Province Rugby Union announced an intention to host the event.[16] The South African government also gave its backing to Port Elizabeth hosting the event.[17] Ultimately, the SARU announced that Port Elizabeth had won the bidding for hosting rights, and would hold the event at the stadium from 2011 forward.[18]

The stadium is also in line to be a host venue for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations. South Africa had originally bid to host the 2015 edition[19] and had won rights to the 2017 edition. However, the Libyan civil war in 2011 led that country, which initially won 2013 hosting rights, to swap dates with South Africa. The stadium would also be used in future bids for South Africa to host the Rugby World Cup.

Transport[edit]

The stadium is located along the city's new BRT network. Currently, the dedicated lanes for the buses have been built. Once completed, the BRT buses will ferry people to and from the stadium during game days. The main bus station servicing the stadium will be located in Harrower Road. There will be routes to the stadium from the airport, fan park and the beach front. In addition to the BRT network, there will be a number of 'park and ride' areas. These will be located at King's Beach, St George's Park and Andrew Rabie High School. There will also be a 'park and walks' from Cilliè High School and Dr Viljoen Primary School. There will also be match day train services to the North End train station, which is located about 1.3 km from the stadium.[20]

While the network is still being built, the Algoa Bus Company has set up temporary bus stops in the surrounding streets. These are used on game days, to provide public transport until the completion of the BRT network.

Precinct[edit]

Within the stadium area is a public park, left over from the old Prince Alfred Park. The park is intended to be open to the public, for picnics during the spring and summer months, it is also likely to be used for small-scale outdoor concerts.[21] A cycle track will be built on the western side of the stadium, between the stadium and the North End Lake. A paved walkway has been built around the outside of the stadium, along the shores of the lake.

Use[edit]

2009 FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

The stadium was originally planned to be, one of five venues to be utilised in the event, and the only new stadium in the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup. The other four stadiums to be used were Ellis Park Stadium, Loftus Versfeld Stadium, Royal Bafokeng Stadium and Free State Stadium. The four stadiums were already built and merely received upgrades for the Confederations Cup.

On 8 July 2008 it was announced that the stadium had been removed from the list of stadiums for the 2009 Confederations Cup as it was believed it would not be ready on time.[22] Surprisingly, however, it became the first newly built 2010 stadium to be completed.[23]

2010 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The stadium hosted 8 games during the 2010 FIFA World Cup tournament. It hosted 5 group games, as well as a round of 16 game, a quarterfinal and the 3rd/4th playoff was played at the stadium.[24]

The stadium's games were:[25]

Date Time (UTC+2) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
2010-06-12 13.30 South Korea Korea Republic 2–0 Greece Greece Group B 31,513
2010-06-15 16.00 Ivory Coast Cote d'Ivoire 0–0 Portugal Portugal Group G 37,034
2010-06-18 13.30 Germany Germany 0–1 Serbia Serbia Group D 38,294
2010-06-21 16.00 Chile Chile 1–0 Switzerland Switzerland Group H 34,872
2010-06-23 16.00 Slovenia Slovenia 0–1 England England Group C 36,893
2010-06-26 16.00 Uruguay Uruguay 2–1 South Korea Korea Republic Round of 16 30,597
2010-07-02 16.00 Netherlands Netherlands 2–1 Brazil Brazil Quarter Finals 40,186
2010-07-10 20.30 Uruguay Uruguay 2–3 Germany Germany 3rd/4th Place Play-off 36,254

2013 Africa Cup of Nations[edit]

The stadium will host 8 games during the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations tournament. It will host 6 group games, as well as, a quarterfinal and the 3rd/4th playoff.

Date Time (UTC+2) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
2013-01-20 17.00 Ghana Ghana 2–2 Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo DR Group B 7,000
2013-01-20 20.00 Mali Mali 1–0 Niger Niger Group B 20,000
2013-01-24 17.00 Ghana Ghana 1–0 Mali Mali Group B 8,000
2013-01-24 20.00 Niger Niger 0–0 Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo DR Group B 12,000
2013-01-27 19.00 Cape Verde Cape Verde 2–1 Angola Angola Group A 20,000
2013-01-28 19.00 Niger Niger 0–3 Ghana Ghana Group B 10,000
2013-02-02 17.00 Ghana Ghana 2–0 Cape Verde Cape Verde Quarter Finals 8,000
2012-02-09 20.00 Mali Mali 3–1 Ghana Ghana 3rd/4th Place Play-off 6,000

Football[edit]

The Nelson Mandela Bay regional branch of SAFA is head quartered at the stadium, having moved from Gelvandale.[15]

The stadium is also the home of Premier Soccer League club, Chippa United F.C., which moved to the stadium for the 2014-15 season.[26]

On 4 July 2009, the stadium hosted the 2009 edition of the Premier's Cup. The teams contesting the cup were, Supersport United, Kaizer Chiefs, Bloemfontein Celtic, and Bay United. 20,000 fans attended this event.[27]

On 23 July 2009, the stadium hosted a leg of the 2009 Vodacom Challenge. The match involved the Orlando Pirates and the Kaizer Chiefs. The 30,000 strong crowd watched the Kaizer Chiefs win 4–3 on penalties, after the game ended 1–1. Kaizer Chiefs went on to face Manchester City in the final of the challenge.[28]

On 9 August 2009, (Women's Day in South Africa) a special double-header of games was played. This, along with female musical acts were performed to celebrate Women's Day. The first match involved two women's teams, Nelson Mandela Bay XI and Amatole Invitational XI, the second was between a Brazilian legends team and a South African legends team. The Brazilian legends were drawn from their 1994 FIFA World Cup winning squad. The South African team was drawn from the 1996 African Cup of Nations winners.[29]

On 14 November 2009, the stadium hosted its first international football match. A friendly between Bafana Bafana and Japan was played at the stadium. A crowd of 44,000 watched as the game ended in a 0–0 draw.[30]

On 20 November 2009, the stadium hosted its first Premier Soccer League game. Santos 'hosted' Kaizer Chiefs at the stadium, as no venue was available in the Western Cape due to World Cup renovations. A crowd of 20,000 was in attendance as Kaizer Chiefs won 1–0 in controversial fashion.[31]

On 14 January 2010, the stadium hosted a friendly match. The match was between local National First Division club, Bay United and the South Korea. Korea won 3–1.[32]

On 28 February 2010, Orlando Pirates 'hosted' Gaborone United in the second leg of the preliminary round of the CAF Champions League. The game ended 2 all, with Gaborone United advancing on the away goals rule.[33] The match also served as part of the stadiums official opening ceremony. This included local music acts, a junior football match, and the unveiling of the stadiums official plaque.[34]

The stadium will host the 2011 edition of the Nelson Mandela Challenge. The international friendly between Bafana Bafana and the Ivory Cooast will be played on 12 November.[35]

Rugby[edit]

The Eastern Province Rugby Union moved from the EPRU Stadium to Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium, after the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The union moved their administrative headquarters to the stadium in July 2010. Having previously hosted certain matches at the stadium[36]

The Eastern Province Rugby Union intended to moved all future matches to the stadium. From 2010 onwards, all of Eastern Province's Currie Cup and Vodacom Cup matches were set to be played at the stadium.[37] Their first match after officially moving to the stadium was their 26–25 victory over the Griffons.[38] The team has since hosted some Vodacom Cup matches at other venues.

On 16 June 2009 (Youth Day in South Africa), the stadium played host to a British and Irish Lions tour match. The game was between the Lions and the newly launched Southern Kings. The game was attended by over 35,000 fans, and the Lions won 20–8.[39]

On 19 September 2009, Eastern Province, then known as the Mighty Elephants, played their first Currie Cup First Division game at the stadium. They beat the Falcons 44–8. In addition, the province's U19 and U21 teams played each other in curtain raisers to the main match.

On 23 January 2010, the stadium hosted a Super 14 warm-up match. The Cheetahs played an Eastern Province invitational team. In front of a crowd of 15,000, EP lost 13–9 to the Cheetahs.[40] A curtain raiser was played between 2 Port Elizabeth rugby clubs, Police and Progress.

On 26 February 2010, Eastern Province played the Pampas XV (an Argentine team), in the first round of the 2010 Vodacom Cup. The game ended in a 27-all draw, in front of a crowd of approximately 8,700.[41]

On 10 September 2010, the stadium hosted the final of the EP Grand Challenge, the top league for rugby clubs in the province. The match was between Uithenhage's Progress rugby club and defending champions, Port Elizabeth's Park rugby club. Park rugby club won 28-25, and they went on to represent Eastern Province at the 2010 National Club Championships.[42]

On 29 October, the Eastern Province Kings played the Pumas in the 2nd leg of their Currie Cup promotion/relegation match. The Pumas won the match 46-28, to retain their Premier Division status. The match set a new stadium attendance record of 45 000.[43]

The stadium hosted a series of Super Rugby warm up matches in 2011. These matches will involve the Southern Kings playing against South Africa's 5 other Super Rugby franchises.[15]

In April 2011, the South African Rugby Union (SARU) announced that the stadium would become the new home of the country's leg of the annual IRB Sevens World Series starting with the 2011–12 season. The tournament had previously been held at George in the Western Cape.[18]

On 20 August 2011, the stadium hosted its first rugby test, which was played between South Africa and New Zealand during the fifth game of the 2011 Tri Nations Series.[44]

In June 2012 South Africa hosted England in the 3rd of a 3 test series at the stadium, The test ended in a 14 all draw, with a crowd of 45, 000[45].

Concerts[edit]

The stadium was to host its first concert on 29 November 2009. The 12-hour event was called the Bay Summer Concert, and was to feature Busta Rhymes, as well as other top acts. Despite all the needed arrangements being made, Busta Rhymes decided not to honour the event. Instead, he chose to do a concert at a local club. He arrived at the stadium hours late, and told those who had stayed, to go to the club that he would be performing at.[46]

A second concert was planned for the stadium from 18 to 20 December 2009. It was billed as the 'Nelson Mandela Bay International Music Festival', and was to have such artists as Keri Hilson[47] but was cancelled due to lack of funds.[48]

It appears as though the failed 'Nelson Mandela Bay International Music Festival', will now take place from 16 to 19 December at the stadium. Dompas Media, the event organisers, have said that the same artists who were billed for the 2009 edition, will now perform at the 2010 concert.[49]

Jonathan Butler performed at the stadium on 26 February 2011.[50]

Neil Diamond performed at the stadium on 8 April 2011. The concert was part of his four date, first time to South Africa tour.[51]

Other Large Events[edit]

On 6 June 2009 an open day was held at the stadium for residents of the city to see the new venue, as well as serve as a trial run of the stadiums match readiness. The event was attended by government officials as well as 17,000 residents.[52]

On 18 November 2009, the stadium hosted the Miss World Sports event of the Miss World 2009 pageant.[53]

A group of South African churches held a mass prayer around the stadium on 22 March 2010 (a public holiday due to Human Rights Day falling on a Sunday in 2010). They intended to create a chain of people, 1,000m long, around the stadium and hold a 15-minute prayer at 16:00. They prayed for a blessing on both the stadium and World Cup.[54]

The stadium was used to attempt to set a new world record for the most women in bikinis in one place. The attempt was in aid of the Cancer Association of South, and took place on 23 October 2010. With only 905 participants, the record attempt failed, however two other records were set. These were for the largest bikini and swimwear parades.[55]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "NMB Stadium". Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  2. ^ "Port Elizabeth Stadium". FIFA. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  3. ^ "BuaNews Online homepage". Buanews.gov.za. 4 August 2006. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  4. ^ "Stadium Gates". Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  5. ^ "Drought scorches 2010 pitch". News24. 9 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  6. ^ "Grass given a boost". The Herald. 17 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  7. ^ "Stadium Info". Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 2010-03-19. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Ratepayers’ R261m Cup stadium ‘hangover’". The Herald. 14 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-15. 
  9. ^ "World Cup venues still works in progress". Times Live. 27 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  10. ^ Vicsuper15.com.au
  11. ^ "Lions and Cheetahs in danger?". News24. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  12. ^ "We deserve better treatment – Pityana". Bay United. 4 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  13. ^ "Umlilo face date with destiny against arch-rivals Thanda". The Herald. 11 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  14. ^ "PE to host Boks v All Blacks". News24. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  15. ^ a b c d "Top events planned to ensure Bay stadium is not a ‘white elephant’". The Herald. 31 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-01. 
  16. ^ "PE may host IRB Sevens as George loses interest". The Herald. 13 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-01. 
  17. ^ "Govt runs with Bay bid to host Sevens tournament". The Weekend Post. 7 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-08. 
  18. ^ a b "Port Elizabeth named as new host of SA Sevens event" (Press release). South African Rugby Union. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  19. ^ "SA keen to host showpiece of African soccer". Business Day. 29 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-05. 
  20. ^ "Transportation". Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  21. ^ "Plans afoot to bring in money". The Herald. Retrieved 2010-07-15. 
  22. ^ "Port Elizabeth stadium dropped". BBC. 8 July 2008. 
  23. ^ "SA’s first newly-built 2010 stadium complete". South Africa – the Good News. 8 June 2009. 
  24. ^ "Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  25. ^ "They are coming...". Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality. Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  26. ^ "Chippa United seals deal to play from Mandela Bay". The Herald. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  27. ^ "Eastern Cape Premiers Cup :Bringing brilliant soccer to the city". Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  28. ^ "Chiefs meet Man City in final". News24. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  29. ^ "Women’s Day Football Festival tickets on sale now!". Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  30. ^ "Bafana, Japan in stalemate". News24. 14 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  31. ^ "Controversial win for Chiefs". News24. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-01. 
  32. ^ "Korean soccer team happy with PE visit". The Herald. 15 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 
  33. ^ "United held to a draw, but advance to next round". The Herald. 1 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  34. ^ "Feast of fun at new stadium". The Herald. 20 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  35. ^ "http://www.kickoff.com/news/24997/nelson-mandela-challenge-south-africa-vs-ivory-coast-set-for-pe.php". Kickoff.com. 20 December 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  36. ^ "Five debut for Elephants". News24. 30 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-30. 
  37. ^ "So long, Boet". The Herald. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  38. ^ "WINS FOR KINGS, KAVALIERS AND EAGLES". SA Rugby. 25 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  39. ^ "Lions subdue gutsy Kings". News24. 12 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  40. ^ "EP give Cheetahs huge fright". News24. 23 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-24. 
  41. ^ "Eastern Province, Pampas XV play to exciting draw". The Weekend Post. 27 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  42. ^ "Pilgrimage for Progress in club championships". Times Live. 19 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  43. ^ "Valiant Kings fought like warriors in the trenches". The Weekend Post. 30 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  44. ^ Springboks feel the pressure, by Rudolph Jacobs, The Citizen, dated 19 August 2011.
  45. ^ "http://www.espnscrum.com/england-tour-2012/rugby/match/154474.html". scrum.com. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  46. ^ "Fury at Busta no-show". The Weekend Post. 30 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-01. 
  47. ^ "Music festival in balance as organisers chase funds". The Herald. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  48. ^ "Music event cancelled". The Herald. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  49. ^ "Bay flop concert boss planning encore". The Herald. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-06. 
  50. ^ "Jonathan Butler in Port Elizabeth: 26 February 2011". PE Vibe. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-01. 
  51. ^ "Neil Diamond Concert". Nelson Mandela Bay Tourism. Retrieved 2011-02-01. 
  52. ^ "Eastern Cape Sets Tone With Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium Open Day!". Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  53. ^ "Miss World Sportswoman 2009". Retrieved 2009-12-01. 
  54. ^ "Churches to pray for blessing on event". The Herald. 8 March 2010. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  55. ^ "Weather thwarts bikini shoot record". The Herald. 25 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-01. 

External links[edit]