Nelsonic Industries

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The Nelsonic Industries corporate logo circa 1982.[1]

Nelsonic Industries is the name of an electronics manufacturing and development company that operated from Long Island City, Queens (New York City)[2] in the early 1980s and throughout the 1990s when it was acquired by the watch-manufacturer, M.Z. Berger. Nelsonic produced numerous toy-themed wrist-watches during their existence, often targeting younger audiences with likenesses of characters from popular franchises such as Barbie, the Ghostbusters, Mario, and Dizzy Devil. Nelsonic became notable during the early mid-1980s for being the first electronics company in the United States to produce game-watches (multi-purpose electronic devices capable of functioning as both a time-piece and as a typically electronic game).[2] For a period subsequent to its purchase by M.Z. Berger, Nelsonic operated as a subsidiary division of its parent company and game-watches were produced that bore the Nelsonic mark. This practice ended as M.Z. Berger shifted focus to more traditional and higher-end timepieces. Today the original Nelsonic Game Watch line has entered the secondary market and individual Game Watches have become highly sought-after collectibles that often fetch high prices on eBay and other online auction websites.[3][4]

History[edit]

The The Legend of Zelda Game Watch (produced by Nelsonic in 1989) has today become a collector's item on the secondary market.[3]

Throughout its existence, Nelsonic produced pop-culture-themed wrist-watches for children and young adults. The chronograph digital watches, typically made of molded plastic, invariably featured an alarm and utilized LCD display-screens to display the time for their wearers.[5] In time the company began manufacturing multi-purpose units that used the LCD screen to combine time display functions with simple video game functions.[6] These simple video games were variations on the theme of the Calculator watch, and the patent covering the Game Watch line is in fact classified as an "electronic calculator watch structure."[7] Becoming the first electronics manufacturer in the United States to produce game-watches, Nelsonic earned a large share in this specialized market and was able to earn the attention of large video game companies at events such as the Consumer Electronics Show.[2] Having caught the popular attention and with goodwill at a high-point, Nelsonic was able to obtain licensing from several big-name video game companies such as Sega,[8] Nintendo,[9][10] Midway Games,[11] and Mylstar Electronics.[12] With roots in the toy market, Nelsonic was also able to obtain similar licenses to produce LCD versions of popular electronic toys like Milton Bradley's Simon[13] as well as to produce original LCD games for non-game toy franchises like Barbie,[14] G.I. Joe,[15] and Power Rangers[16] and even for film and TV franchises such as Ghostbusters.[17] So well-known became the Nelsonic brand that it was even able to license its own original games (such as the Nelsonic version of the public-domain blackjack which was licensed to Caesars Palace).[18]

As time progressed, Nelsonic experimented with higher-end products such as metal watches and increasingly complex game-watch designs. In 1990 the watch-making giant, M.Z. Berger, made a large bid and was able to successfully purchase the company.[19] For a period of nearly a decade after this acquisition, M.Z. Berger continued to use Nelsonic as a subsidiary branch and to employ the Nelsonic mark in the release of game-watches and the production of new re-releases of popular models from the 1980s and early 1990s.[20] By the end of the 1990s, however, public interest had waned (quite possibly due to the rise in popularity of more advanced handheld video game consoles and, eventually, of other portable computing devices, such as PDAs and smartphones) and this practice came to an end as M.Z. Berger shifted markets to target higher end consumers more exclusively.

Today the Nelsonic mark is still in use for traditional watches and is not used in connection with game-watches. It is still a subsidiary of M.Z. Berger and as recently as 2007 it was listed by the AAFES as garnering over $1.9 million in sales.[21]

Game Watches[edit]

Below is a list of units sold by Nelsonic as part of their Game Watch line. Also included are game-watches sold under the term "Wrist Game" (e.g. Ghost Busters), "Action Watch Game" (e.g. Barbie), and "Gamewatch Boy" (e.g. Super Mario Race).

Nelsonic Game Watches
Title Date Licensed by Based on Notes References
Barbie Mattel Barbie [14]
Baseball Baseball Came with a separately detachable Nelsonic brand 5×16mm monocular to aid in viewing the small screen. [22]
Black Jack Blackjack Later re-released under license to Caesars Palace where it was sold in their gift shop as Caesars Palace Black Jack (also described as Caesars Black Jack on the box)[18] [23]
Bo Bear [24]
Dinky Dino's Watch 1997 A digital pet game similar to the Tamagotchi, this Game Watch was also released under the name Dinopet. [25]
Donkey Kong 1994 Nintendo Donkey Kong [26][27][28]
Football Association football This unit was simultaneously released in the United States as Soccer,[29][30] and was later re-released in at least one other different style of physical layout. [31]
Frogger 1983 Sega Frogger [8][32][33][34]
Ghostbusters 1990 Columbia Pictures Ghostbusters Also described on the box as The Real Ghostbusters.[17] [35]
G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero 1990 Hasbro G.I. Joe [15]
Grand Prix Auto racing [36]
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball [37][38]
The Maze Watch Labyrinth One of the earliest Nelsonic Game Watches, the game portion of this unit is a physical (non-electronic) Labyrinth. [39]
Melody Car Racing Auto racing Came with a separately detachable Nelsonic brand 5×15mm monocular to aid in viewing the small screen. [40]
Mighty Morphin Power Rangers 1994 Saban Entertainment Power Rangers [16][41]
Ms. Pac Man Ms. Pac-Man [42]
Pac Man 1982 Midway Games Pac-Man This game retailed for between $25 and $35 and quickly became one of the most popular Nelsonic Game Watches, selling over 500,000 units.[2] This unit was released with several different faceplate graphics and at least 2 different styles of physical layout - one with 4 directional buttons and the other with a small joystick that could be assembled. [1][11][43]
Poochie Watch 1997 [44]
Q*Bert 1983 Mylstar Electronics Q*Bert [12][45][46][34]
Race Car Auto racing [47][48]
Sea Ranger [49]
Simon Milton Bradley Company Simon [50][51]
Space Attacker 1981 The game was also released under the name Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan[52] by Collins Industrial Co.,[53] under the name Cosmic Wars by Majestron,[54] and the layout was used in the pornographic Sexum Watch (another third party release).[55] The game was re-released by Nelsonic in 1983 as Space Wars,[56] and versions of the game exist in black plastic and metal variants. [57]
Star Fox 1993 Nintendo Star Fox The game was released by Nelsonic simultaneously in Europe as Starwing[58] and was re-released with at least 2 different styles of physical layout. Some versions came with a headphone jack and headphones. [59][60]
Super Mario Bros. 1989 Nintendo Super Mario Bros. Released in white and black colors. Also released under the title Mario Bros.[61] This game came with a headphone jack and headphones. [9][62][63][64][65]
Super Mario Brothers 2 Nintendo Super Mario Bros. 2 Also described as Princess Toadstool's Castle Run on the box.[66] [66][67]
Super Mario 3 1990 Nintendo Super Mario Bros. 3 Also described on the watchband as Super Mario Bros. 3. Released in black, white, red and pink color versions. Released in Europe in December 1992 by Zeon. [68][69][70]
Super Mario Bros. 4 1991 Nintendo Super Mario World Also described on the watchband as Super Mario World. This game came with a headphone jack and headphones. [71][72]
Super Mario Race 1992 Nintendo Super Mario Kart Front side of package uses the Japanese front cover art of the Game Boy version of F-1 Race. [73]
Tank Battle 1982 Also released under the titles Plane & Tank Battle and Tank & Plane Battle. [74][75]
Tetris 1990 Nintendo Tetris Very well received by critics. Released in black, white, red and pink versions. Released in Europe in December 1992 by Zeon. [70][76][77][78][79]
The Legend of Zelda 1989 Nintendo The Legend of Zelda Released in black, red, white, and pink versions. Released in Europe in December 1992 by Zeon. [70][80][81][82]

See also[edit]

  • Game & Watch - A line of LCD games produced by Nintendo from 1980 to 1991. This series is often confused with the Nelsonic Game Watch series due to the similar names (Nelsonic's "Game Watch" compared to Nintendo's "Game & Watch") and the overlapping subject matter (due to Nintendo's having licensed several of its popular franchises to Nelsonic).
  • Elgin National Watch Company - Another former watch-company that is now owned by M.Z. Berger and is thus a sibling subsidiary to Nelsonic.
  • Waltham Watch Company - Another sibling subsidiary to Nelsonic.
  • Gruen Watch Co. - Another sibling subsidiary to Nelsonic.
  • Unisonic Products Corporation - Another manufacturer of game watches.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Official Midway's Pac-Man by Nelsonic: Game Watch Instruction Manual. T.M. Midway Mfg. Co. Nelsonic. 1982.
  2. ^ a b c d Shea, Tom. Shrinking Pac-Man Leads game-wristwatch market. InfoWorld. pp44-45. 20 December 1982.
  3. ^ a b Rinker, Harry L. Price Guide to Flea Market Treasures. Chilton Book Company. ISBN 978-0-87069-748-7. May 1997.
  4. ^ Huxford, Bob. Schroeder's Antiques Price Guide. ISBN 978-1-57432-632-1. 4 August 2009.
  5. ^ Refac Electronics Corp. v. A & B Beacon Business Machines Corp. 695 F.Supp. 753 (S.D.N.Y., 1988).
  6. ^ Although the use of the term "video game" is only possible in its loosest sense, it has been suggested that the term is properly used in the discussion of games (such as those produced by Nelsonic) that appear on a screen and that are analogous to the simple arcade games of which they are versions. See Wolf, Mark J. P. The video game explosion: a history from PONG to Playstation and beyond. Greenwood. ISBN 978-0-313-33868-7. 30 November 2007.
  7. ^ US 3955355 
  8. ^ a b "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Frogger". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  9. ^ a b "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Super Mario Bros.". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  10. ^ Licensing from Nintendo was obtained in 1985. See Dyer, Clinton R. Handheld Games FAQ. rec.games.video.classic 4 January 1998. See also Nintendo of America. Game and Watch. 25 February 2008.
  11. ^ a b "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Pac Man". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  12. ^ a b "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Q*Bert". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  13. ^ Nolting, Jürgen; and Hoffmann, Eckhard. Simonaa 4 - Ein Computerprogramm zur Untersuchung der audio-visuellen Koordination. Messtechnik - Hörakustik. May 2007.
  14. ^ a b "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Barbie Action". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  15. ^ a b "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic G. I. Joe". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  16. ^ a b "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Power Rangers". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  17. ^ a b "Great Game Database- 1990 Nelsonic Real Ghostbusters, The". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  18. ^ a b "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Caesar's Palace Black Jack". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  19. ^ Werner, Holly M. U.S. Industries completes additional sale of Spartus assets; Sale of Waltham Clock trademark and inventory for $1,000,000. Business Wire. 8 May 1996.
  20. ^ Under M.Z. Berger, the Nelsonic name was also used on various non-juvenile-market watches that lacked the video game element. One notable example is the Nelsonic Cache Watch which between 1996 and 1999, produced over $11 million in sales. See Cache, Inc. v. M.Z. Berger & Co. 2001 WL 38283, at *3 (S.D.N.Y., 2001).
  21. ^ AAFES 2007 Million Dollar Vendor List[dead link] US Sales Corp. 2007.
  22. ^ "Game Watch Guys - The Baseball Watch". Game Watch Guys. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  23. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Black Jack". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  24. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Bo Bear". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  25. ^ "Great Game Database- 1997 Nelsonic Dinky Dino Watch". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  26. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Donkey Kong". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  27. ^ "Mini Arcade- Donkey Kong, Wrist Watch". Mini Arcade. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  28. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Donkey Kong". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  29. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Soccer". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  30. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Soccer". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  31. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Football". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  32. ^ "Frogger (wristwatch)". IGN.com. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  33. ^ "Great Game Database- 1983 Nelsonic Frogger". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  34. ^ a b Sharpe, Roger C. "Watch Words." Video Games Magazine. Vol.1, No.12. P.12. September 1983.
  35. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Ghostbusters". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  36. ^ [1][dead link]
  37. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Baseball". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  38. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Baseball". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  39. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic The Maze Watch". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  40. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Melody Car Racing". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  41. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Power Rangers". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  42. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Watch Games". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  43. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Pac-Man". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  44. ^ "Great Game Database- 1997 Nelsonic Poochie Watch". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  45. ^ "Q*bert (wristwatch)". IGN.com. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  46. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Q*bert". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  47. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Race Car". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  48. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Race Car". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  49. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Sea Ranger". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  50. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Simon". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  51. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Simon". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  52. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Star Trek II". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  53. ^ "Handheld Museum- Collins Industrial Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan Video Game Watch". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  54. ^ "Handheld Museum- Majestron- Cosmic Wars". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  55. ^ Magical Gadgets, Sightings & Brags. Pocket Calculator Show. 2002.
  56. ^ "Great Game Database- 1983 Nelsonic Space Wars". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  57. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Space Attacker". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  58. ^ Kitan, Kitt. The Nintendo Watch. ScrewAttack. 28 October 2008.
  59. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Star Fox". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  60. ^ "Star Fox (wristwatch)". IGN.com. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  61. ^ "Mario Bros. (wristwatch)". IGN.com. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  62. ^ "Mini Arcade- Mario Bros, Wrist Watch". Mini Arcade. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  63. ^ Kusanagi, Kain. It's a Watch & a Game (1989 Super Mario Bros. Game Watch). ScrewAttack. 29 October 2008.
  64. ^ "Super Mario Bros. (wristwatch)". IGN.com. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  65. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Super Mario Bros.". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  66. ^ a b "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Super Mario Bros. 2". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  67. ^ B.Historique Console Nintendo - Aupa Nintendo
  68. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Super Mario Bros. 3". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  69. ^ "Super Mario Brothers 3 Game & Watch (wristwatch)". IGN.com. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  70. ^ a b c Bielby, Matt, ed. No. 1 Nintendo Game Watches. Super Play. Issue 2. Pg. 21. December 1992
  71. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Super Mario Bros. 4". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  72. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Super Mario Bros. 4". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  73. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Super Mario Race". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  74. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Tanks & Planes Battle". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  75. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Plane & Tank Battle". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  76. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Tetris". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  77. ^ "Tetris (wristwatch)". IGN.com. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  78. ^ "Great Game Database- Nelsonic Tetris". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  79. ^ Tetris Game Watch: From Russia with Fun (box packaging). Nintendo. Nelsonic. 1990.
  80. ^ "Handheld Museum- Nelsonic Zelda". Handheld Museum. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  81. ^ "The Legend of Zelda Game Watch". IGN.com. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  82. ^ "Great Game Database- 1989 Nelsonic Legend of Zelda, The". Great Game Database. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 

External links[edit]