Nelspruit

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Nelspruit
Mbombela
Nelspruit
Nelspruit
Nelspruit is located in South Africa
Nelspruit
Nelspruit
 Nelspruit shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 25°27′57″S 30°59′07″E / 25.46583°S 30.98528°E / -25.46583; 30.98528Coordinates: 25°27′57″S 30°59′07″E / 25.46583°S 30.98528°E / -25.46583; 30.98528
Country South Africa
Province Mpumalanga
District Ehlanzeni
Municipality Mbombela
Established 1905
Area[1]
 • Total 72.63 km2 (28.04 sq mi)
Elevation 689 m (2,260 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 58,672
 • Density 810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 41.1%
 • Coloured 4.1%
 • Indian/Asian 4.9%
 • White 49.3%
 • Other 0.6%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 40.7%
 • English 22.4%
 • Swazi 20.2%
 • Tsonga 4.7%
 • Other 12.1%
Postal code (street) 1200
PO box 1200
Area code 013
Website www.mbombela.gov.za

Nelspruit /ˈnɛlsprt/ – officially renamed Mbombela /ˈmbɒmbɛlʌ/ – is a city in northeastern South Africa. It is the capital of the Mpumalanga province (formerly Eastern Transvaal). Located on the Crocodile River, Nelspruit lies about 100 kilometres (62 mi) west of the Mozambique border and 330 kilometres (210 mi) east of Johannesburg. The townships of Nelspruit are Kanyamazane and Matsulu which are tens of kilometers east of Nelspruit. There are many orange farms in the area. It is a key manufacturing and agricultural hub for northeastern South Africa. Major industries include the canning of citrus fruit, paper production, furniture manufacture and timber mills. Fertile soils and subtropical climate provide perfect conditions for the growing of citrus and tropical fruits, mainly mango, banana, avocado and macadamia nuts.

History[edit]

Nelspruit was founded in 1895 by three brothers of the Nel family who grazed their cattle around the site of Nelspruit during the winter months. During the Boer War, Nelspruit served briefly as the seat of government for the South African Republic (not to be confused with the Republic of South Africa), an independent Boer republic. The leadership of the South African Republic included Paul Kruger.

Nelspruit and the surrounding area contain San art.

Name change[edit]

In October 2009,the South African government attempted to rename the city " "Mbombela" ",[2][3] the same name as the local municipality of which it is part. The Lowveld Chamber of Business and Tourism (LCBT) approached the High Court as a result of this name change. According to LCBT, members of the public were not consulted before the name change took place. As of November 2013 the High Court has reserved judgement in the case of changing the name, The government department responsible has stated that they will not proceed with the name change until the court has made its decision.[4] The city is still referred to as Nelspruit, and all road signs indicate the city as Nelspruit.

Industry[edit]

Nelspruit is home to the Agricultural Research Council's Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops and the Lowveld Botanical Gardens.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Nelspruit is on the Maputo Corridor, a major trade route linking Johannesburg to Maputo in Mozambique which, with the Trans-Kalahari Corridor, forms a transport trunk that crosses the entire sub-continent from Walvis Bay in Namibia on the Atlantic Ocean to Maputo on the Indian Ocean. The N4 toll route is the main arterial route with a double lane highway all the way to Johannesburg and Pretoria.

Buscor (Pty) Ltd is the largest bus operator in Nelspruit. Their fleet include articulated vehicles capable of transporting larger numbers of passengers at peak times. Its bus terminal in downtown Nelspruit is one of the largest in the southern hemisphere.

Airports[edit]

The City has two airports.

Nelspruit Airfield is located just outside the city and is the city's original airport owned and operated by the city. There are over a hundred aircraft based at the airport. The majority of the aircraft are privately owned but there are several commercial aircraft based here as well. There are several AMO, fire fighting, charter & training companies based at the airport. The airport is limited in its potential operations by runway length which is 875m (2870ft). The topography of the area prohibits expansion. The airport had scheduled operations with daily connections to Johannesburg and Durban with SA Airlink utilizing its 29-seat BAe Jetstream 41 fleet. The Airport gained a notorious reputation among pilots and passengers because of unique measures taken due to the short runway.

In 2001 Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport, located about 25km north east of the city opened its doors with scheduled flights to Johannesburg, Cape Town and Durban. The $60 million complex sports a 3.1km (10 171ft) runway and is capable of handling aircraft up to B747 size. The airport currently handles about 240 000 passengers per annum.

Tourism[edit]

Nelspruit is a major stopover point for tourists traveling to Kruger National Park and to Mozambique. Tourists from Mozambique stimulate the economy of the city significantly. Many people from Mozambique and Swaziland travel to Nelspruit for their monthly grocery shopping. Nelspruit is home to Emnotweni Casino on the way to White River.

Sport[edit]

Alkmaar Raceway[edit]

The Alkmaar Raceway is a motocross track which hosted the South African Motocross Grand Prix, part of the world championship series, in 2008.[5]

Mbombela Stadium[edit]

A football and Rugby stadium was constructed in Nelspruit for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Finished in November 2009, it was named Mbombela Stadium and has a capacity of 43 500. R1.05 billion was spent on the construction of the stadium which was riddled with allegations of mismanagement and corruption. The stadium hosted four 2010 FIFA World Cup matches. The stadium is the current home of the Pumas Rugby Union. In 2013 it hosted two rugby test matches, Italy played Samoa followed by South Africa against Scotland. The Stadium hosts regular premier soccer league matches with Bidvest Wits, Kaizer Chiefs, Orlando Pirates and Mpumalanga Black Aces regularly playing host.

Media[edit]

Broadcasting[edit]

The SABC has a regional office in the city.

Jacaranda FM recently opened a studio at the Riverside Mall next to the Emnotweni Casino.

LiGwalagwala FM is the largest SABC-owned radio station in the city and the Mpumalanga Province. It is a public broadcaster which primarily broadcasts in the Swazi language.

MPower Fm is an independent commercial radio station broadcasting in English from studios in Nelspruit and eMalahleni to the province of Mpumalanga,[6] and the Afrikaans local community radio station called "Radio Laeveld 100.5fm" broadcasts to the Lowveld area from Nelspruit.[7]

Culture[edit]

The city host several entertainment venues with the most prominent being Blue Moon and the Emnotweni Casino complex. The city has a civic center with a large theater that hosts regular events.

Nelspruit has its own version of concert in the park with annual performances by musicians in the Lowveld Botanical Gardens.

Nelspruit hosts several cultural and agricultural shows annually these include:

  1. The Lowveld show
  2. The lowveld Agri show
  3. The Innibos Arts festival

International Relations[edit]

Nelspruit is twinned with:

Education[edit]

Nelspruit has been selected to host the new University of Mpumalanga, planned to open in 2014.[8]

The city has an FET college. The Lowveld Agricultural College is located just outside the city across from the Mpumalanga provincial legislature.

TUT has a satellite campus in Nelspruit with well over 1 500 students.

The city has 4 major public High-Schools. There has been a recent influx of private schools varying in size.

Climate[edit]

Nelspruit features a humid subtropical climate with mild winters and warm summers. Due to the altitude, summers are not as hot as one might expect. Summers are warm and somewhat humid, complete with precipitation. Winters in the city are dry, with relatively warm temperatures during the day and chilly temperatures at night.

Climate data for Mbombela (Nelspruit)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40
(104)
39
(102)
38
(100)
36
(97)
35
(95)
32
(90)
32
(90)
35
(95)
38
(100)
40
(104)
38
(100)
38
(100)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
23
(73)
23
(73)
25
(77)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
6
(43)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
14
(57)
17
(63)
18
(64)
13
(55)
Record low °C (°F) 11
(52)
11
(52)
10
(50)
5
(41)
2
(36)
−2
(28)
−1
(30)
−1
(30)
2
(36)
5
(41)
10
(50)
10
(50)
−2
(28)
Precipitation mm (inches) 127
(5)
108
(4.25)
90
(3.54)
51
(2.01)
15
(0.59)
9
(0.35)
10
(0.39)
10
(0.39)
26
(1.02)
75
(2.95)
115
(4.53)
131
(5.16)
767
(30.2)
Avg. precipitation days 14 12 12 7 4 2 2 3 5 11 15 14 100
Source: South African Weather Service[9]

References[edit]

External links[edit]