Nema community

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Nema (or Neema) is a merchant community which is mainly found in Madhya Pradesh.[1] Nemas are ikshvaku vansi. They are Vaishkshtriyas as they are converted to vaishs community from their root kshtriyas community. They are descendants of king Nimi the son of Ikshvaku after which they were known as nema. Nimi is also known as videh janaka the king of mithila dynasty from which Sita wife of Rama belongs. Nema means one who lives in accordance with niyama (codes of conducts); this is from Vedic Puran’s, stories wherein it is depicted that descendants of Shashtrajuna were solemnized to pursue code of conducts prescribed for them by sage Bhrigu.
It is in saying that Bhrigu saved about 30 Khastriya student children descendants of Shashtrajuna, under 14 Rishis, in his school, on pretext, that they are trained for the duties of Vaishya from Parshuram who was destroying Khastriyas. Accordingly Nema are in 14 Gotra, each after the name of respective Rishi as follows:

SN Branch Rishi
1 Seth Mordhwaj
2 Patwari Kailrishi
3 Malak Raghunandan
4 Bhoriya Vasantan
5 Khira Balanandan
6 Dyodiya Shandilya
7 Chanderha Santany, Tulsinandan
8 Dyodhar Garg
9 Rawat Nandan
10 Bhandari Vijaynandan
11 Khaderha Sanatnandan
12 Chousha Shivnandan
13 Kirmania Kaushal
14 Ooman Vashishtha
15 tetwals Hindu

Neema, and other titles of Nema in various places use similar "Gotra" system identification for matrimonial purpose

To best of estimates Nema were mainly practicing the Banking business, in those days when there were many currencies of many kings and Britishers in India. These persons were known as Seth or Mahajan. They used to perform other Merchant business to hide their main wealth and business. In those days even Kings fell short of wealth and these persons, have supplied it to them. They also influenced politics of that time by Money. Although only one of them 'Bhamaashah' of Rana Pratap's time is in light.

Native place and migration[edit]

The native place of Nema was in Jaipur (Rajasthan, India) Kingdom. In between 1700 to 1800 AD large scale migration from Jaipur to central India occurred, because of decay of Rajput Kingdom in Jaipur°, and for want of peaceful and better prospective life in calm fertile land of Gondwana, in areas, adjacent to rivers like Narmada and tributaries. The population migrated was Rajput and Banias in majority, and they remained and still are in the collaboration of process of migration. However it is evident that only the distressed groups fled away for goods. With these Nema also owing their obligations to warriors and Kings were invited to settle, in Gondwana and central parts of India. °(Battle of Patan:-The Marathas under Holkar and General deBoigne defeat the Rajputs of Jaipur and Mughals at the Battle of Patan, where 3000+ Rajput cavalry is killed and the entire Mughal unit vanquished. The defeat crushes Rajput hope of independence from external influence.)

Thereafter in colonial days, at time of world wars, and inland revolt against Colony, many of the aboriginals (Indians) were shipped to countries like Africa, Australia, Mauritius, and so on. These persons also included Nema and descendants.

Consequently now on today presence of Nema is worldwide. Although they had to adjust their code, conducts, languages, etc. and even religion, according to the place of accommodation. At present there is a local saying "All Nema's are from Narsinghpur", as all the Nema have at least one relative in Narsinghpur and it is considered now as a Base location for Nemas. In central part of India people use to write "Nema' with their name and near Malwa, Gujrat region they spell "Neema".

Today if anybody searches for "Nema" in Google search, results are kaleidoscopic. This in a corner of heart, hesitantly leads to think, if Nema who dared mass migration in past are reluctant to Globalization now?

Caste[edit]

The caste system was specialty of India. Currently it helps the persons to identify their origin, ethnography and helps to follow their social bindings, if they wish. So.

The reference above (Russell's) is quoted here in full Bania, Nema. This subcaste numbers nearly 4000 persons, the bulk of whom reside in the Saugor, Damoh, Narsinghpur and Seoni Districts. The Nemas are most largely returned from Central India, and are probably a Bundelkhand group; they will eat food cooked without water with Golapūrab Banias, who are also found in Bundelkhand. They are mainly Hindus, with a small minority of Jains. The origin of the name is obscure; the suggestion that it comes from Nimār appears to be untenable, as there are very few Nemas in that District. They say that when Parasurāma was slaying the Kshatriyas fourteen young Rājpūt princes, who at the time were studying religion with their family priests, were saved by the latter on renouncing their Kshatriya status and declaring themselves to be Vaishyas. These fourteen princes were the ancestors of the fourteen gotras of the Nema subcaste, but the gotras actually bear the names of the fourteen Rīshis or saints who saved their lives. These sections appear to be of the usual Brāhmanical type, but marriage is regulated by another set of fifty-two subsections, with names which are apparently titular or territorial. Like other Bania groups the Nemas are divided into Bīsa and Dasa subdivisions or twenties and tens, the Bīsa being of pure and the Dasa of irregular descent. There is also a third group of Pacha or fives, who appear to be the offspring of kept women. After some generations, when the details of their ancestry are forgotten, the Pachas probably obtain promotion into the Dasa group. The Bīsa and Dasa groups take food together, but do not intermarry. The Nemas wear [155] the sacred thread and apparently prohibit the remarriage of widows. The Nemas are considered to be very keen business men, and a saying about them is, “Where a sheep grazes or a Nema trades, what is there left for anybody else?”". Nemas or Neemas are known for their intellect, honesty and hard-work. In recent time they have proved to be successful lawyers, bankers, doctors, engineers, software professionals and business men. There are some eminent families which dominate the community specially in Central Madhya Pradesh areas. Some of these families are Lahiri family of Sagar, Modi family & Purawale family of Narsinghpur, Gupta families of Jabalpur and Bhopal, Badaghar, majhla ghar, Sanjhala ghar, Nanha ghaar, Naajar family, Khira family of Narsinghpur, Nayak family of Satna, Choudhary family of Bedu, Bhoria family, Seth family & Mandir-wale family of Kareli, Bakhar family of Mekh, etc. The towns and villages where Nema families live are Narsinghpur, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Satna, Sagar, Balaghat, Chhindwara, Seoni, Bhilai, Raipur, Kareli, Gadarwara, Amarwara, Aadegaon, Bedu, Mekh, Sighpur, Gotegaon, Dhamna, Naadia, Udaipura, etc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India, By R.V. Russell & Hira Lal, 1916
  • The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India Volume II (Bania, Nema)

Nemas of Rajasthan/ Gujrat

  • People of India Rajathan Part II (By Kumar Suresh Singh , B. K. Lavania, D. K. Samanta, S. K. Mandal, Anthropological Survey of India, N. N. Vyas, Anthropological Survey of India Published 1998 Popular Prakashan), at Page 704-708, tells about Nemas of Rajasthan