Nematollah Nassiri

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Nematollah Nassiri
Nemotallah Nassiri.GIF
Born 1911
Semnan
Died 16 February 1979 (aged 67-68)
Qasr Prison, Tehran
Allegiance Iran
Years of service 1950s–1979
Rank General

Nematollah Nassiri (1911 in Semnan – 16 February 1979), was the director of SAVAK, the Iranian intelligence agency during the rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

Career activities[edit]

Nassiri served as the commander of the Imperial Guards.[1][2] He was arrested by the followers of Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh when he delivered two decrees of the Shah to prime minister.[1] A personal friend of the Shah, Nassiri had gained notoriety for removing democratically elected Mosaddegh from power (see Operation Ajax). He was appointed head of SAVAK following the failure of General Hassan Pakravan, the previous director, to prevent the assassination of Prime Minister Hassan-Ali Mansur on 21 January 1965. Nassiri was also made deputy prime minister.[3] He served in the post until 6 June 1978 when he was dismissed by the Shah.[4] Then Nassiri was appointed ambassador of Iran to Pakistan.[5]

Arrest and execution[edit]

Nassiri was called back from Pakistan[5] and was arrested together with 60 former officials on 7 or 8 November 1978.[4] He was imprisoned with several other high-ranking officials, including Pakravan and former Prime Minister Amir-Abbas Hoveyda. When the Shah fled Iran on 16 January 1979, Nassiri remained in prison until the fall of Shapour Bakhtiar's government on 11 February.

On 16 February he was executed by firing squad after a summary trial.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rubin, Barry (1980). Paved with Good Intentions. New York: Penguin Books. p. 83. 
  2. ^ Welles Hengen (22 December 1953). "Mossadegh Gets 3-Year Jail Term". The New York Times (Tehran). Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Rubin, Barry (1980). Paved with Good Intentions. New York: Penguin Books. p. 179. 
  4. ^ a b Nikazmerad, Nicholas M. (1980). "A Chronological Survey of the Iranian Revolution". Iranian Studies 13 (1/4): 327–368. doi:10.1080/00210868008701575. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Ward, Steven R. (2009). Immortal: A Military History of Iran and Its Armed Forces. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. p. 214.   – via Questia (subscription required)
  6. ^ "Law And Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (Report). Amnesty International. 13 March 1980. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Hoveyda, Fereydoun. The Fall of the Shah. Trans. Roger Liddell. New York: Wyndham Books, 1980.
  • All Fall Down: America's Fateful Encounter with Iran ISBN 1-85043-009-8
Directors of Ministry of Intelligence of Iran

(1957–1979) Iran Bakhtiar | Pakravan | Nassiri | Moghadam

Islamic Republic (1984–present) Iran Reyshahri | Fallahian | Dorri-Najafabadi | Younessi | Mohseni-Ejehei | Moslehi | Alavi