Nemesiidae

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Funnel-web tarantulas
Temporal range: Lower Cretaceous-Recent
Calisoga sp. (Marshal Hedin).jpg
Calisoga sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Infraorder: Tuberculotae
Superfamily: Nemesioidea
Family: Nemesiidae
Simon, 1892
Subfamily: Nemesoidea
Genera

see text

Diversity
41 genera, > 300 species
Distribution.nemesiidae.1.png

The Nemesiidae are a spider family of the infraorder Mygalomorphae, and the only member of the superfamily Nemesioidea.[1] They were formerly considered part of the Dipluridae family.[2]

Description[edit]

Nemesiidae are relatively large, brown, elongated spiders with robust legs.[3] Female Atmetochilus can grow over 4 cm in body length.

These spiders live in burrows. Some finish these with a hinged door. They often push this door up and wait for passing prey. When they catch it they try not to leave their burrow. Sometimes a burrow has a side tube. It is not certain whether Sinopesa builds burrows.[4]

Genera[edit]

Burrow of Nemesia cavicola

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Raven, R.J. 1985. The spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): cladistics and systematics. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 182: 1-180.
  2. ^ Platnick 2009
  3. ^ Find-a-spider Guide
  4. ^ Murphy & Murphy 2000

References[edit]

  • Raven, R.J. (1985): The spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): cladistics and systematics. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 182: 1-180.
  • Selden, P.A. (2001): Eocene spiders from the Isle of Wight with preserved respiratory structures. Palaeontology 44: 695-729. doi:10.1111/1475-4983.00199
  • Raven, R.J. (1987): A new mygalomorph spider genus from Mexico (Nemesiinae, Nemesiidae, Arachnida). J. Arachnol. 14: 357-362. PDF (Mexentypesa)
  • Pesarini, C. (1988): Revision of the genus Pycnothele (Araneae, Nemesiidae). J. Arachnol. 16: 281-293. PDF
  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Rafael P. Indicatti & Sylvia M. Lucas (2005): Description of a new genus of Nemesiidae (Araneae, Mygalomorphae) from the Brazilian Cerrado. Zootaxa 1088: 11-16. PDF (Longistylus)
  • Indicatti, Rafael P.; Lucas, Sylvia M.; Ott, Ricardo & Brescovit, Antonio D. (2008): Litter dwelling mygalomorph spiders (Araneae: Microstigmatidae, Nemesiidae) from Araucaria forests in southern Brazil, with the description of five new species. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 25(3): 529-546.
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2009): The world spider catalog, version 10.0. American Museum of Natural History.
  • Goloboff, Pablo A. (1995): A revision of the South American spiders of the family Nemesiidae (Araneae, Mygalomorphae). Part 1, Species from Peru, Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay. Bulletin of the AMNH 224.

External links[edit]