Nemetona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Nemetona is a Goddess of ancient Celtic religion worshiped in eastern Gaul. She is thought to have been the eponymous deity of the Germano-Celtic people known as the Nemetes; evidence of her veneration is found throughout their former territory in and around what is now Trier, Germany.[1] She is also attested in Bath, England, where an altar to her was dedicated by a man of the Gallic Treveri people.[1] Her name is derived from the Celtic root nemeto-, referring to sacred areas, and is related to nemeton, a term designating Gaulish religious spaces.[1]

Surviving inscriptions often associate Nemetona with Mars. She is paired with "Loucetios Mars" in the inscription at Bath, and with Mars at Trier and Altrip.[1] Individual inscriptions to Nemetona and Loucetios have been recovered from the same site in Klein-Winternheim.[2] The Altrip site was further notable for yielding a terra cotta depiction of the Goddess.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Koch, p. 1351.
  2. ^ Jufer & Luginbühl, p. 14; 39

References[edit]

  • Jufer, Nicole; Luginbühl, Thierry (2001). Les dieux gaulois : répertoire des noms de divinités celtiques connus par l'épigraphie, les textes antiques et la toponymie. Editions Errance. 
  • Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO.