Nemetona, or "She of the Sacred Grove," is a Celtic Goddess with roots in eastern Gaul. She is thought to have been the eponymous deity of the Germano-Celtic people known as the Nemetes; evidence of her veneration is found throughout their former territory in and around what is now Trier, Germany. She is also attested in Bath, England, where an altar to her was dedicated by a man of the Gallic Treveri people.
Her name is derived from the Celtic root nemeto-, referring to sacred areas, and is related to nemeton, a term designating Gaulish religious spaces, hence her title/honorific "She of the Sacred Grove." Thus, naturally, she is a goddess and guardian of (Celtic) open air places of worship - i.e. sacred grounds/groves and circles, labyrinths, and medicine wheels.
Surviving inscriptions often associate Nemetona with Mars (who was given various Celtic names depending on location). She is paired with "Loucetios Mars" in the inscription at Bath, and with Mars at Trier and Altrip. Individual inscriptions to Nemetona and Loucetios have been recovered from the same site in Klein-Winternheim. The Altrip site was further notable for yielding a terra cotta depiction of the Goddess.
- Koch, p. 1351.
- Jufer & Luginbühl, p. 14; 39
- Jufer, Nicole; Luginbühl, Thierry (2001). Les dieux gaulois : répertoire des noms de divinités celtiques connus par l'épigraphie, les textes antiques et la toponymie. Editions Errance.
- Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO.
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