Nemyriv

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Nemyriv
Немирів
Coat of arms of Nemyriv
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Peace Island City
Nemyriv is located in Ukraine
Nemyriv
Nemyriv
Location of Nemyriv
Coordinates: 48°58′N 28°51′E / 48.967°N 28.850°E / 48.967; 28.850Coordinates: 48°58′N 28°51′E / 48.967°N 28.850°E / 48.967; 28.850
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Vinnytska
Nemyrivskyi
Population (2013)
 • Total 11,900
Area code(s) +380 4331

Nemyriv (Ukrainian: Немирів, Russian: Немирoв) is a historic town in Vinnytsia Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Nemyriv Raion (district). Population: 11,900 (2013 population estimate)[1].

Nemyriv is one of the oldest cities in Vinnytska oblast, Ukraine. It was founded by Prince Nemyr in 1390. It is a minor industrial center.

The distiller company that produces world-famous Ukrainian Nemiroff (Russian spelling) vodka is located in Nemyriv.

History[edit]

Nemyriv was built on the site of ancient Scythian settlement Myriv, destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Rus. It was first mentioned under its modern name in 1506.

Notable events of Cossack wars took place in the town through 17th century and the city was captured by Andrii Abazyn between 1702 and 1704.[2]

In 1737, an abortive congress was held in Nemyriv, aimed at the conclusion of peace between the emperors of Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Turkey, and bringing an end to the Russo-Turkish War of 1735–39.

Jewish history of the city[edit]

Before the World War II, Nemyriv had a large Jewish community. The Hasidic Rabbi Jacob Joseph of Polonne was appointed as rabbi in Nemyriv after he left Rashkov, during the 3rd quarter of the 18th century.[3][4] By the 19th century it had become one of the centers of Breslov Hasidism, being the birthplace and home of Nathan of Breslov ("Reb Noson"), the foremost disciple and scribe of rebbe Nachman of Breslov. After Nachman's death in 1810, Reb Noson moved to Bratslav to disseminate and publish his teachings from there. The city acted as a center of Jewish studies and linked with several Rabbi.Yom-Tov Lipmann Heller and Jehiel Michel ben Eliezer.[5] Yom-Tov Lipmann Heller once chief Rabbi of Vienna and Prague was the Chief Rabbi of Nemyriv from 1631 to 1634

Famous people of Nemyriv[edit]

The poet Nikolay Nekrasov, the writer Marko Vovchok and the geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky were born in the town in the 19th century. One of first programmers Ida Rhodes (birth name Hadassah Itzkowitz) was born on 15 May 1900 in a Jewish village between Nemyriv and Tulchyn.

The town's tourist attractions include a late 19th-century palace and a park complex.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України" (in Ukrainian). State Service of Statistics. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of Ukraine
  3. ^ Dresner, Samuel H. (Rabbi). The Zaddik: The Doctrine of the Zaddik according to the Writings of Rabbi Yaakov Yosef of Polnoy, Shocken Books, 1974.[ISBN 0-8052-0437-7] p. 50 (mention of his stay in Nemirov).
  4. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia.com