Nemzeti Bajnokság I (women's handball)

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Nemzeti Bajnokság I (women's handball)
Countries Hungary Hungary
Confederation EHF
Founded 1951
Number of teams 12
Relegation to Nemzeti Bajnokság I/B
Domestic cup(s) Magyar Kupa
International cup(s) EHF Champions League
EHF Cup Winners' Cup
EHF Cup
Current champions Győri Audi ETO KC (2013–14)
Most championships Vasas SC (15 titles)
TV partners SportKlub, RTL Klub
Website Statistics
2013–14 Nemzeti Bajnokság I

The Nemzeti Bajnokság I (English: National Championship I, commonly abbreviated NB I) is the top professional league for Hungarian women's team handball clubs. It is administered by the Hungarian Handball Federation.

History[edit]

The first edition of the women's handball league was held in 1951. That year only four teams participated, playing once against each other. Csepeli Vasas SK were crowned champions as they got equal points to Budapest Vörös Meteor Közért, but were superior on goal difference. Next season Vörös Meteor took revenge and secured the title just ahead of Csepel.

The forthcoming years were characterized by long term team hegemonies: Budapesti Spartacus SC won seven titles between 1960 and 1967, whilst Vasas SC were awarded thirteen gold medals between 1972 and 1985.

Turning into the nineties, Ferencvárosi TC managed to appear in the dominant role. In the 1992–93 season, after topping the table in the regular season, they bled to death in the playoffs yet, but a year later there was nothing to stop them. Until 2002 another five league title landed in the hands of Ágnes Farkas and co. The lone team which managed to interrupt their run was the Radulovics-led Dunaferr in 1998. The Dunaújváros-based team won five titles altogether until 2004, when, after finished on the podium an incredibly nine times in row without having won the title, finally Győri Graboplast ETO KC lifted the championship trophy.

Since then ETO with the support of their new main sponsor, car manufacturer Audi, have won all but one titles.

Competition format[edit]

At the beginning only four teams entered the National Championship. Later, the league have been expanded, first to 12, later to 14 teams. There was a short living try with 16 teams in two groups but the idea got dropped just after five seasons. Since 2006 the league is made up of 12 teams. The championship was held in one calendar year until 1987, when they switched to autumn-spring format. Interestingly, in the 2003–04 season Austrian top club Hypo Niederösterreich played in the league as a guest team, however, their results did not count towards the final ranking.

Current format[edit]

The current system is composed by twelve teams. The sides play twice against each other in the regular season on a home and on an away leg. The top four teams qualify for the playoffs, where a best-of-three system is used. Teams ranked fifth to ninth and tenth to twelfth decide their final places in a classification round, using a round robin system, playing six additional rounds. According to their final position in the regular season, they awarded bonus points which are added to the points they earn in the postseason. Bottom two teams get relegated.


EHF league ranking[edit]

As of the 2014–15 season[1]
Current
Ranking
Movement Last Season
Ranking
League Coefficient
1 Substituted in (2) Hungary Nemzeti Bajnokság I 109,22
2 Substituted off (1) Denmark Damehåndboldligaen 85,67
3 Substituted in (4) Norway Postenligaen 83,67
4 Substituted off (3) Russia Super League 82,22
5 Substituted in (6) Romania Liga Națională 74,67
6 Substituted off (5) Spain División de Honor 74,22
7 (7) Germany Bundesliga 61,44

Current season[edit]

Teams[edit]

The twelve teams of the 2014–15 season are the following:

Previous winners[edit]

Champions by year[edit]

Season Winner
1951 Csepeli Vasas SK
1952 Vörös Meteor Füszért
1953 Debreceni Petőfi SK
1954 Csepeli Vasas SK
1955 Debreceni Törekvés SK
1956 Csepeli Vasas SK
1957 Győri Vasas ETO
1958 Miskolci VSC
1959 Győri Vasas ETO
1960 Budapesti Spartacus SC
1961 Budapesti Spartacus SC
1962 Budapesti Spartacus SC
1963 Budapesti Spartacus SC
1964 Budapesti Spartacus SC
1965 Budapesti Spartacus SC
1966 Ferencvárosi TC
1967 Budapesti Spartacus SC
1968 Ferencvárosi TC
1969 Ferencvárosi TC
1970 Bakony Vegyész
1971 Ferencvárosi TC
1972 Vasas SC
Season Winner
1973 Vasas SC
1974 Vasas SC
1975 Vasas SC
1976 Vasas SC
1977 Vasas SC
1978 Vasas SC
1979 Vasas SC
1980 Vasas SC
1981 Vasas SC
1982 Vasas SC
1983 Budapesti Spartacus SC
1984 Vasas SC
1985 Vasas SC
1986 Budapesti Spartacus SC
1987 DMVSC
1988–89 Építők SC
1989–90 Építők SC
1990–91 Hargita KC
1991–92 Vasas CNC
1992–93 Vasas-Dreher
1993–94 Spectrum-Ferencvárosi TC
1994–95 Ferencvárosi TC-Spectrum
Season Winner
1995–96 Ferencvárosi TC-Polgári Bank
1996–97 Herz-Ferencvárosi TC
1997–98 Dunaferr SE
1998–99 Dunaferr SE
1999–2000 Herz-Ferencvárosi TC
2000–01 Dunaferr SE
2001–02 Herz-Ferencvárosi TC
2002–03 Dunaferr SE
2003–04 Dunaferr SE
2004–05 Győri Graboplast ETO KC
2005–06 Győri Graboplast ETO KC
2006–07 Budapest Bank-Ferencvárosi TC
2007–08 Győri Audi ETO KC
2008–09 Győri Audi ETO KC
2009–10 Győri Audi ETO KC
2010–11 Győri Audi ETO KC
2011–12 Győri Audi ETO KC
2012–13 Győri Audi ETO KC
2013–14 Győri Audi ETO KC


Titles by club[edit]

Club name Number of titles Years won
Vasas SC
15
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1992, 1993
Ferencvárosi TC
11
1966, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2007
Győri ETO KC
11
1957, 1959, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Budapesti Spartacus SC
9
1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1983, 1986
Dunaferr
5
1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004
Csepeli Vasas
3
1951, 1954, 1956
Építők SC (also as Hargita KC)
3
1989, 1990, 1991
Debreceni VSC
2
1955, 1987
Bakony Vegyész Veszprém
1
1970
Miskolci VSC
1
1958
Debreceni Petőfi SK
1
1953
Budapest Vörös Meteor
1
1952

References[edit]

External links[edit]