||It has been suggested that Middle orthodoxy be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since December 2012.|
Neo-Calvinism, a form of Dutch Calvinism, is the movement initiated by the theologian and former Dutch prime minister Abraham Kuyper. James Bratt has identified a number of different types of Dutch Calvinism: The Seceders—split into the Reformed Church “West” and the Confessionalists; and the Neo-Calvinists—the Positives and the Antithetical Calvinists. The Seceders were largely infralapsarian and the Neo-Calvinists usually supralapsarian.
Kuyper wanted to awaken the church from what he viewed as its pietistic slumber. He declared:
No single piece of our mental world is to be sealed off from the rest and there is not a square inch in the whole domain of human existence over which Christ, who is sovereign over all, does not cry: ‘Mine!’ 
This refrain has become something of a rallying call for Neo-Calvinists.
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- Jesus is Lord over all of creation. Jesus’ Lordship extends through every area and aspect of life – it is not restricted to the sphere of church or of personal piety.
- The idea that all of life is to be redeemed. The work of Jesus on the cross extends over all of life – no area is exempt from its impact. All knowledge is affected by the true knowledge of God through redemption in Christ.
- Cultural Mandate. Genesis 1:26-28 has been described as a cultural mandate. It is the mandate to cultivate and develop the creation. There is a historical development and cultural unfolding. Some Neo-Calvinists hold that the Cultural Mandate is as important as the Great Commission.
- Creation, fall and redemption. God’s good creation has been disrupted by the fall. Redemption is a restoration of creation.
- Sphere sovereignty (Soevereiniteit in eigen kring). Each sphere (or sector) of life has its own distinct responsibilities and authority as designed by God – for instance, communities dedicated to worship, civil justice, agriculture, family, etc. – and no one area of life is sovereign over another. Hence, neither faith-institutions nor an institution of civil justice (that is, the state) should seek totalitarian control or any regulation of human activity outside their limited competence.
- A rejection of dualism. Dualisms are (purportedly false) bifurcations, dichotomies, contrasts, or oppositions, such as the dualism between nature and grace that [allegedly] dominated much of Scholasticism. In the Neo-Calvinist view, nature is the God-created and sustained cosmic order, not a "non-supernatural" category, and grace is God's means of renewing the cosmic order, it is not something "non-creational" added onto nature (albeit eschatological in consummated glorification of bodily resurrection to eternal life and cosmic transformation of the new heavens and earth).
- Structure and direction. Structure denotes created laws and norms for (other) created things. Direction denotes relative deviation or conformity to norms; primarily regarding the central orientation of the human heart toward or away from God in Christ.
- Common grace. God providentially sustains the created order, restraining of possible evils and giving non-salvific good gifts to all humanity despite their fall into sin, God's curse, and his eventual condemnation of the unredeemed.
- Presuppositional apologetics. The only framework in which any fact about the world is intelligible is the Christian worldview in general, and the theologically Reformed worldview in particular. The principles of logic and the use of reason assume the existence of God. Presuppositionalism is a reductio ad absurdum approach to Christian apologetics, in that it attempts to demonstrate that all non-Christian worldviews are internally inconsistent.
- The antithesis. There is a struggle in history and within every person – between submission to and rebellion against God; between the kingdom of light and the kingdom of darkness; between the age to come (already inaugurated in Christ) and this present evil age (of sin).
- World views. Neo-Calvinists reject the notion that theoretical thought can be religiously neutral. All thinking and practice is shaped by world views and religious ground motives. For the Neo-Calvinist, life in all its aspects can be shaped by a distinctively Christian world view.
- The role of law. For Neo-Calvinists, "Law" is more than the Mosaic Decalogue, or even the entire abiding moral will of God. Law is, rather, the order for creation (or creation ordinances) established by God and includes a variety of types of cultural norms including physiological, psychological, logical, historical, linguistic, social, economic, aesthetic, juridical, and faith norms.
Key individuals associated with Neo-Calvinism
- Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer
- Abraham Kuyper
- Herman Bavinck
- Herman Dooyeweerd
- Albert Wolters
- Craig Bartholomew
- Alvin Plantinga
- Nicholas Wolterstorff
- George Marsden
- Cornelius Plantinga
- D. H. Th. Vollenhoven
- E. L. Hebden Taylor
- H. Evan Runner
- Hans Rookmaaker
- Auguste Lecerf
- Chuck Colson
- Stephanus Jacobus du Toit
Neo-Calvinist institutions and organizations
- Arrowhead Christian Academy in Redlands, California
- Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan
- Cardus (formerly known as The Work Research Foundation), Hamilton, Ontario
- The Center for Public Justice
- The Christian Labour Association of Canada
- CCO (Coalition for Christian Outreach), Pittsburgh, PA
- Dordt College, Sioux Center, Iowa, USA.
- Free University in Amsterdam
- Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, Canada
- Kuyper College
- Kuyper Foundation
- Geneva College, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania
- Redeemer University College, Ancaster, Ontario, Canada
- Trinity Christian College, Palos Heights, IL
- The Kings College, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
- Abraham Kuyper Calvinism: Stone Lectures
- James Bratt, Dutch Calvinism in Modern America. Wipf and Stock; original Eerdmans (1984)
- James E. McGoldrick, Abraham Kuyper: God’s Renaissance Man. (Welwyn, UK: Evangelical Press, 2000).
- 1880 Inaugural Lecture, Free University of Amsterdam
- Steve Bishop 'Neocalvinst distinctives' An accidental blog http://stevebishop.blogspot.com/2005/10/neocalvinist-distinctives.html
- Bradshaw Frey et al. All of Life Redeemed: Biblical Insights for Daily Obedience (Ontario: Paideia Press, 1983)
- Gordon J. Spykman Reformational Theology: A New Paradigm for Doing Dogmatics(Grand Rapids: Eerdmans,1992) p. 109
- Chuck Colson and Nancy Pearcey. How Now Shall We Live? (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 1999), p.295.
- Derek Melleby 'Neo-Calvinism 101' http://www.vanguardchurch.com/neo-calvinism_101.htm
- Abraham Kuyper 1998. 'Sphere Sovereignty' In Abraham Kuyper: A Centennial Reader, ed. James D. Bratt. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans).
- Al Wolters Creation Regained (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans) Ch 5
- Richard Mouw He Shines in all that's Fair (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002)
- Gordon J. Spykman Reformational Theology: A New Paradigm for Doing Dogmatics (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1992) p. 65
- Paul A. Marshall et al.(eds) Stained Glass: Worldviews and Social Science (Toronto: University Press of America, 1989)
- James Bratt Dutch Calvinism in Modern America, Wipf and Stock; original Eerdmans (1984).
- James Bratt “The Dutch Schools” in David F. Wells (ed.) Reformed Theology in America (Baker, 1997).
- Dennison, William D. (June 1999). "Neo-Calvinism and the Roots for Transformation: An Introductory Essay". Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 42 (2): 271–291.
- James E. McGoldrick Abraham Kuyper: God’s Renaissance Man (Welwyn, UK: Evangelical Press, 2000).
- Richard J. Mouw “Dutch Calvinist philosophical influences in North America”, Calvin Theological Journal, 24 (1) (1989): pp. 93–120.
- Chuck Colson and Nancy Pearcey. How Now Shall We Live? (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 1999), p. 295.
- Albert M. Wolters, Creation Regained: Biblical Basics for a Reformational Worldview (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1985; 2nd edition 2005), ISBN 0-8028-
- Kuyper Foundation
- Information About Neocalvinism
- Derek Melleby’s series on Neo-Calvinism: Neocalvinism 101
- All of life redeemed
- Al Wolters “What is to be done ...towards a neocalvinist agenda?”
- The Center for Public Justice
- Dutch Treat - A Neocalvinist commentary
- Friend of Kuyper - Neo-Calvinist Resources