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Neo-futurism is an early 21st century movement in the arts, design, and architecture. It is a departure from the skeptical attitude of post-modernism connected with an idealistic belief in a better future and “a need to periodize the modern rapport with the technological”.[1]

This avant-garde movement[2][3] is a futuristic rethinking of the visual and functionality of the rapidly growing cities affected by a wide-scale urbanization. The swift industrialization that began to occur internationally following the Second World War gave wind to new streams of thought in life, art and architecture that led to Postmodernism, Neomodernism and then Neo-Futurism.[4] In the Western countries, Futurist architecture evolved into Art Deco, the Googie movement and High Tech Architecture and finally into Neo-Futurism.[5] Neofuturistic urbanists, architects, designers and artists believe in cities releasing emotions, driven by eco-sustainability, ethical values and implementing new materials and new technologies to provide a better quality of life for city-dwellers.


Pioneered from early 60s and late 70s by thought leader Hal Foster;[6] American architect Buckminister Fuller;[7][8][9][10][11] Finnish-American architect and industrial designer Eero Saarinen,[12][13][14][15][16][17][18] Archigram, a British avant-garde architectural group (Peter Cook, Warren Chalk, Ron Herron, Dennis Crompton, Michael Webb and David Greene) based at the Architectural Association, London;[19] American avant-garde architectural group ArchiGO, centered around the Illinois Institute of Technology;[20][21] Danish architects Henning Larsen;[22] Czeck architect Jan Kaplický;[23][24] Swedish artist Simon Stålenhag ;[25] Italian light sculptor Marco Lodola;[26][27][28] American concept artist Syd Mead;[29] American theatre screenwriter Greg Allen[30] and Russian poet Andrei Voznesensky.[31] Although it was never built, the Fun Palace (1961) interpreted by architect Cedric Price as a “giant neo-futurist machine” [32][33] influenced other architects, notably Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano, whose Centre Georges Pompidou extended many of Price's ideas.


Neo-futurism has been relaunched in 2007 after diffusion of “The Neo-Futuristic City Manifesto[34][35] included in the candidature presented to BIE (Bureau of International Expositions):[36] and written by innovation designer Vito Di Bari,[37] a former UNESCO's Executive Director,[38] to outline the vision for the city of Milan at the time of the Universal Expo 2015. Di Bari defined his neofuturistic vision as the “cross-pollination of art, cutting edge technologies and ethical values combined to create a pervasively higher quality of life”;[39] he referenced The Fourth Pillar of Sustainable Development Theory[40][41] and reported that the name had been inspired by the United Nations’ report Our Common Future.[42] Jean-Louis Cohen has defined Neo-Futurism[43][44] as “a corollary to technology, being the structures built today byproducts of new materials to create previously impossible forms.” Etan J. Ilfeld wrote that in the contemporary neo-futurist aesthetics the machine becomes an integral element of the creative process itself, and generates the emergence of artistic modes that would have been impossible prior to computer technology.[45][46] Reyner Banham’s definition of “une architecture autre” is a call for an architecture that technologically overcomes all previous architectures but possessing an expressive form,[47] as Banham stated about neo-futuristic “Archigram’s Plug-in Computerized City, form does not have to follow function into oblivion”.[48]


The relaunch of neofuturistic architecture and art in the 21st century has been creatively inspired by Iraqi-British Pritzker Prize architect Zaha Hadid,[49][50][51][52][53][54] Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava[55] [56][57][58][59] and by its thought leader Italian innovation designer Vito Di Bari.[60][61] Neo-Futurist architects, designers and artists are French architect Denis Laming;[62][63] American artists Erin Sparler,[64] Marlow Rodale,[65] Studio-X Lawrie Masson;[66] Panayiotis Terzis,[67] Peter Bardazzi[68] and Miguel Ovalle;[69] urban-noise artist Joseph Young;[70] French designer Patrick Jouin [71] British artist Olivia Peake;[72] Japanese designer Yuima Nakazato,[73][74] Swedish artist Simon Stålenhag[75] and Greek designer Charis Tsevis.[76][77][78] Neo-futurism has absorbed sоme оf the high-tech architecture’s themes аnd ideas, incorporating elements оf high-tech industry аnd technology іntо building design:[79] technology and context is the focus of some architects of this movement such as Buckminster Fuller, Norman Foster,[80][81][82] Kenzo Tange, Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers, Frei Otto, and Santiago Calatrava.[83][84][85]



  1. ^ Hal Foster, Annals of the Architectural Association School of Architecture, Issues 14-16, Published by The Architectural Association, London, 1987
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  3. ^ "Avant-Garde / Neo-Avant-Garde (Avant-Garde Critical Studies 17): Dietrich Scheunemann: 9789042019256: Books". 2005-10-24. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
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  6. ^ Neofuturism Architecture And Technology, SCI-Arc Media Archive | {{|date=1987-10-05 |accessdate=2014-01-17}}
  7. ^ Texas A&M University
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  10. ^’s-past-and-present/
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  19. ^ Texas A&M University
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  26. ^!info/c1d94
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  30. ^ "About Neo-Futurism". The Neo-Futurists. 2014-01-13. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
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  32. ^ Anthony Vidler, Histories of the immediate present: inventing architectural modernism, 2008, 2008 MIT Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
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  38. ^ "Agreement between UNESCO and the City of Milan concerning the International Multimedia Institute (IMI) - Appointment of Executive Director - UNESCO Archives ICA AtoM catalogue". 1999-10-08. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  39. ^ Manifesto of Neo-Futuristic City in
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  42. ^ World Commission on Environment and Development (1987). Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 27. ISBN 019282080X
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  44. ^ The neo-futurist optimism of high tech in The Future of Architecture. Since 1889, London: Phaidon, 2012
  45. ^ Etan Jonathan Ilfeld, Beyond Contemporary Art, 2012, Vivays Publishing, London
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  47. ^ Reyner Banham: Historian of the Immediate Future (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002)
  48. ^ Reyner Banham, “A Clip-on Architecture,” Architectural Design 35, no. 11
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  56. ^!/3341704/neo-futurism
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  61. ^ TEDx Talks
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  64. ^ "Neo-Futurism by Erin Sparler: Arts & Photography | Blurb Books". Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  65. ^ "Neofuturism series part 1 « Marlow Rodale". 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  66. ^ "iTunes - Music - Neo-Futurism by Studio-X". 2001-01-01. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
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  80. ^ University of Washington MDes Design Investigations
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  83. ^ ARCH 350 Final
  84. ^!/3341704/neo-futurism
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  • Hal Foster, Neo-Futurism: Architecture and Technology, AA Files No. 14, Spring 1987. Published by: Architectural Association School of Architecture
  • Jean-Louis Cohen,The Future of Architecture. Since 1889, Published by: Phaidon, London, 2012
  • Vito Di Bari, The Neofuturistic City Manifesto, 2007
  • Rowena Easton, The NeoFuturist Manifesto, 2008
  • Caroline Klein, “Futuristic: Vision of Future Living”, Published by: DAAB, Cologne, 2011 ISBN 9783942597098
  • Hal Foster, What's Neo about the Neo-Avant-Garde? Vol. 70, Autumn, 1994 Published by: The MIT Press
  • A History of Neo-Futurism, Erica Anne Milkovich, 2010 - Avant-garde (Aesthetics)
  • Gunther Berghaus, From Futurism to Neo-Futurism, in Avant-garde/Neo-avant-garde, 2005, published by Dietrich Scheunemann, Rodopi BV
  • Colin Rowe, Fred Koetter, After the Millennium, in Collage City, 1983, published by Architecture - The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
  • Etan Jonathan Ilfeld, Beyond Contemporary Art, 2012, Vivays Publishing, London
  • Anthony Vidler, Histories of the immediate present, 2008 MIT Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology ISBN 978-0-262-72051-9
  • Reyner Banham, “A Clip-on Architecture,” Architectural Design 35, no. 11
  • Reyner Banham: Historian of the Immediate Future (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002)
  • Ru Brown, FUTURISM IS DEAD LONG LIVE FUTURISM The legacy of techno-love in contemporary design, 2011, University of Washington - MDes Design Investigations
  • Gabriel Gyang Dung, Bridget Mlumun Akaakohol, J.C. Akor - The Concept Of Sustainable Development And The Challenges Of Economic Growth And Development In Nigeria - July 2014, Department of Economics, College of Education, Katsina-Ala.