Neo-Futurism

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Neo-futurism is an early 21st century movement in the arts, design, and architecture. It is a departure from the skeptical attitude of post-modernism connected with an idealistic belief in a better future and “a need to periodize the modern rapport with the technological”.[1]

This avant-garde movement[2][3] is a futuristic rethinking of the visual and functionality of the rapidly growing cities affected by a wide-scale urbanization. The swift industrialization that began to occur internationally following the Second World War gave wind to new streams of thought in life, art and architecture that led to Postmodernism, Neomodernism and then Neo-Futurism.[4] In the Western countries, Futurist architecture evolved into Art Deco, the Googie movement and High Tech Architecture and finally into Neo-Futurism.[5] Neofuturistic urbanists, architects, designers and artists believe in cities releasing emotions, driven by eco-sustainability, ethical values and implementing new materials and new technologies to provide a better quality of life for city-dwellers.

Origins[edit]

Pioneered from early 60s and late 70s by thought leader Hal Foster;[6] American architect Buckminister Fuller;[7][8][9][10][11] Finnish-American architect and industrial designer Eero Saarinen,[12][13][14][15][16][17][18] Archigram, a British avant-garde architectural group (Peter Cook, Warren Chalk, Ron Herron, Dennis Crompton, Michael Webb and David Greene) based at the Architectural Association, London;[19] American avant-garde architectural group ArchiGO, centered around the Illinois Institute of Technology;[20][21] Danish architects Henning Larsen;[22] Czeck architect Jan Kaplický;[23][24] Swedish artist Simon Stålenhag ;[25] Italian light sculptor Marco Lodola;[26][27][28] American concept artist Syd Mead;[29] American theatre screenwriter Greg Allen[30] and Russian poet Andrei Voznesensky.[31] Although it was never built, the Fun Palace (1961) interpreted by architect Cedric Price as a “giant neo-futurist machine” [32][33] influenced other architects, notably Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano, whose Centre Georges Pompidou extended many of Price's ideas.

Definition[edit]

Neo-futurism has been relaunched in 2007 after diffusion of “The Neo-Futuristic City Manifesto[34][35] included in the candidature presented to BIE (Bureau of International Expositions):[36] and written by innovation designer Vito Di Bari,[37] a former UNESCO's Executive Director,[38] to outline the vision for the city of Milan at the time of the Universal Expo 2015. Di Bari defined his neofuturistic vision as the “cross-pollination of art, cutting edge technologies and ethical values combined to create a pervasively higher quality of life”;[39] he referenced The Fourth Pillar of Sustainable Development Theory[40][41] and reported that the name had been inspired by the United Nations’ report Our Common Future.[42] Jean-Louis Cohen has defined Neo-Futurism[43][44] as “a corollary to technology, being the structures built today byproducts of new materials to create previously impossible forms.” Etan J. Ilfeld wrote that in the contemporary neo-futurist aesthetics the machine becomes an integral element of the creative process itself, and generates the emergence of artistic modes that would have been impossible prior to computer technology.[45][46] Reyner Banham’s definition of “une architecture autre” is a call for an architecture that technologically overcomes all previous architectures but possessing an expressive form,[47] as Banham stated about neo-futuristic “Archigram’s Plug-in Computerized City, form does not have to follow function into oblivion”.[48]

People[edit]

The relaunch of neofuturistic architecture and art in the 21st century has been creatively inspired by Iraqi-British Pritzker Prize architect Zaha Hadid,[49][50][51][52][53][54] Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava[55] [56][57][58][59] and by its thought leader Italian innovation designer Vito Di Bari.[60][61] Neo-Futurist architects, designers and artists are French architect Denis Laming;[62][63] American artists Erin Sparler,[64] Marlow Rodale,[65] Studio-X Lawrie Masson;[66] Panayiotis Terzis,[67] Peter Bardazzi[68] and Miguel Ovalle;[69] urban-noise artist Joseph Young;[70] French designer Patrick Jouin [71] British artist Olivia Peake;[72] Japanese designer Yuima Nakazato,[73][74] Swedish artist Simon Stålenhag[75] and Greek designer Charis Tsevis.[76][77][78] Neo-futurism has absorbed sоme оf the high-tech architecture’s themes аnd ideas, incorporating elements оf high-tech industry аnd technology іntо building design:[79] technology and context is the focus of some architects of this movement such as Buckminster Fuller, Norman Foster,[80][81][82] Kenzo Tange, Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers, Frei Otto, and Santiago Calatrava.[83][84][85]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hal Foster, Annals of the Architectural Association School of Architecture, Issues 14-16, Published by The Architectural Association, London, 1987
  2. ^ http://www.easeindesign.com/ru/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/creativeinvestigation-report-Futurism-R-Brown1.pdf
  3. ^ "Avant-Garde / Neo-Avant-Garde (Avant-Garde Critical Studies 17): Dietrich Scheunemann: 9789042019256: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com. 2005-10-24. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  4. ^ http://www.therichest.com/rich-list/10-of-the-most-unusual-architectural-structures-in-europe/?view=all
  5. ^ http://steampunkopera.wordpress.com/tag/futurism/
  6. ^ Neofuturism Architecture And Technology, SCI-Arc Media Archive |publisher=Sma.sciarc.edu http://sma.sciarc.edu/video/0328_foster_hal-10-05-97/ {{|date=1987-10-05 |accessdate=2014-01-17}}
  7. ^ Texas A&M University http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/arch-350-exam-4/deck/8903519
  8. ^ http://www.newswire.net/newsroom/pr/00084065-bucky-is-back-conversations.html
  9. ^ http://silentambassadors.tumblr.com
  10. ^ http://www.remezcla.com/2014/latin/nyc-5-things-any-self-respecting-latino-living-in-ny-should-know-about-loisaida’s-past-and-present/
  11. ^ http://www.ted.com/talks/mathieu_lehanneur_demos_science_inspired_design/recommendations
  12. ^ http://www.cityrealty.com/nyc/market-insight/download-report/1341
  13. ^ http://www.dotandbo.com/collections/behind-the-icon-neofuturistic-style
  14. ^ http://www.pash-living.co.uk/designers/eero-saarinen
  15. ^ http://www.homedit.com/icons-of-the-american-style/
  16. ^ http://www.modern-source.com/collections/saarinen-collection
  17. ^ http://benjamaximus.tumblr.com/post/90167890276/kresge-auditorium-eero-saarinen-mit-cambridge
  18. ^ http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/06/26/us-greece-airport-idUKKBN0F10YI20140626
  19. ^ Texas A&M University http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/arch-350-exam-4/deck/8903519
  20. ^ http://coprosperity.org/2014/06/version-14-event-archigo-50-years-later/
  21. ^ http://www.lumpen.com/%3A/Version_Festival_14_Program.pdf
  22. ^ http://opera-cake.blogspot.com/2010/10/neo-futurism-at-danish-royal-opera.html
  23. ^ http://www.fastcodesign.com/3035220/if-famous-buildings-and-paintings-made-babies-theyd-look-like-this?utm_source=facebook
  24. ^ http://news.artnet.com/art-world/imagining-the-artist-architect-collabos-that-never-were-101124
  25. ^ http://boingboing.net/2013/08/21/swedish-seventies-neoretrofutu.html?utm_content=buffer552d6&utm_source=buffer&utm_medium=facebook&utm_campaign=Buffer
  26. ^ http://www.amstelart.com/#!info/c1d94
  27. ^ http://asiacontemporaryart.com/artists/galleries/Amstel_Art_Gallery/en/
  28. ^ http://www.fieramilanonews.it/on-line/en/Home/InBrief/articolo165.html
  29. ^ http://www.pinterest.com/dclaassens/reality-ahead-of-schedule-the-work-of-syd-mead/
  30. ^ "About Neo-Futurism". The Neo-Futurists. 2014-01-13. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  31. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Slutsky
  32. ^ Anthony Vidler, Histories of the immediate present: inventing architectural modernism, 2008, 2008 MIT Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. http://mitpress.mit.edu/sites/default/files/titles/content/9780262720519_ind_0001.pdf
  33. ^ http://www.frieze.com/issue/article/the_enclosure_business/
  34. ^ http://architecturelab.net/the-neofuturistic-city-manifesto-released-online/
  35. ^ http://www.worldarchitecture.org/authors-links/czhez/from-manifesto-to-futurist-architecture.html
  36. ^ http://host-66165.isiline.net/archivio/imgup/File/Chapter%2020.pdf
  37. ^ http://www.i-cio.com/big-thinkers/vito-di-bari/item/how-the-internet-of-things-will-create-a-new-economic-renaissance
  38. ^ "Agreement between UNESCO and the City of Milan concerning the International Multimedia Institute (IMI) - Appointment of Executive Director - UNESCO Archives ICA AtoM catalogue". Atom.archives.unesco.org. 1999-10-08. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  39. ^ Manifesto of Neo-Futuristic City in www.neofuturistic.com
  40. ^ http://gluteus-maximus.pl/volumes/Sustainocene
  41. ^ http://kamjournal.org/2014/07/24/the-concept-of-sustainable-development-and-the-challenges-of-economic-growth-and-development-in-nigeria/
  42. ^ World Commission on Environment and Development (1987). Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 27. ISBN 019282080X
  43. ^ http://www.coolhunting.com/design/the-future-of-architecture-since-1889.php
  44. ^ The neo-futurist optimism of high tech in The Future of Architecture. Since 1889, London: Phaidon, 2012 http://library.stmarytx.edu/mobile/item.php?search/o681503360
  45. ^ Etan Jonathan Ilfeld, Beyond Contemporary Art, 2012, Vivays Publishing, London http://www.amazon.co.uk/Beyond-Contemporary-Art-Etan-Ilfeld/dp/1908126221
  46. ^ http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=neo-futurist
  47. ^ Reyner Banham: Historian of the Immediate Future (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002)
  48. ^ Reyner Banham, “A Clip-on Architecture,” Architectural Design 35, no. 11
  49. ^ http://shifhana.blogspot.it/2014/04/zaha-hadidthe-neofuturistic.html
  50. ^ http://hypebeast.com/2014/4/zaha-hadid-granite-marble-furniture-collection-for-citco
  51. ^ http://prezi.com/fn0qt7mhnodk/dame-zaha-mohammad-hadid-and-her-designing/
  52. ^ http://www.devious-studios.com/tag/outfit
  53. ^ http://www.vow-news.com/read.php?id=14&p=12696
  54. ^ http://aflaneurinkorea.wordpress.com/2014/06/07/a-flaneur-speaks-3/#_ftn1
  55. ^ http://www.archdaily.com/531290/spotlight-santiago-calatrava/
  56. ^ http://www.mediander.com/connects/229656/santiago-calatrava/#!/3341704/neo-futurism
  57. ^ http://www.urbanspace.asia/blogs/architect-interview-with-santiago-calatrava
  58. ^ http://burkayaydin.wordpress.com/2014/05/25/in-art-and-architecture-neo-futurism/
  59. ^ http://www.bzcasa.com/people/santiago-calatrava
  60. ^ https://burkayaydin.wordpress.com
  61. ^ TEDx Talks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1gWL7amec7U
  62. ^ http://books.google.it/books?id=PASIo7gR7Q4C&pg=PA47&lpg=PA47&dq=neo+futurist+%2B+futuroscope&source=bl&ots=KKm6QzPlM4&sig=l3yHDJel-aqv8vs7r3Wjdmh3FRo&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ewV0U76RL6rG7Aad_4CgAQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=neo%20futurist%20%2B%20futuroscope&f=false
  63. ^ http://the-earth-story.com/post/72759510127/man-made-quartz-having-shared-some-photos
  64. ^ "Neo-Futurism by Erin Sparler: Arts & Photography | Blurb Books". Blurb.com. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  65. ^ "Neofuturism series part 1 « Marlow Rodale". Marlowrodale.com. 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  66. ^ "iTunes - Music - Neo-Futurism by Studio-X". Itunes.apple.com. 2001-01-01. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  67. ^ http://www.peopleofprint.com/solo-artist/trapper-keeper-panayiotis-terzis/
  68. ^ http://peterbardazzi.blogspot.it/2012/10/very-large-neo-futurist-painting.html
  69. ^ http://www.barbaracalderon.com/blog/
  70. ^ http://www.neofuturist.org/main.php
  71. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/King%20of%20good%20times/2/66894.html
  72. ^ http://future-rocker.blogspot.com
  73. ^ http://blog.stratasys.com/2013/08/07/japanese-3d-printed-neo-futuristic-bibs/
  74. ^ http://www.netcommunity.se/201308137559/Prototyp/Press/Yuima-Nakazato-creates-neo-futuristic-sportswear-with-an-Objet500-Connex-multi-material-3D-Printer-7559/menu-id-800
  75. ^ http://boingboing.net/2013/08/21/swedish-seventies-neoretrofutu.html?utm_content=buffer552d6&utm_source=buffer&utm_medium=facebook&utm_campaign=Buffer
  76. ^ http://whatanart.com/2012/04/09/neo-futuristic-vectors-charis-tsevis/
  77. ^ http://vi.sualize.us/neo_futuristic_charis_tsevis_illustration_picture_wTG5.html
  78. ^ http://tsevis.soup.io/tag/girl
  79. ^ http://www.triposo.com/loc/Tokyo/architectural_style-high-tech_architecture
  80. ^ University of Washington MDes Design Investigations http://www.easeindesign.com/ru/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/creativeinvestigation-report-Futurism-R-Brown1.pdf
  81. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/214636/Lord-Norman-Foster/
  82. ^ http://www.geocities.jp/lapis_lapislazuli/02_london.html
  83. ^ ARCH 350 Final http://quizlet.com/32081166/arch-350-final-flash-cards/
  84. ^ http://www.mediander.com/connects/229656/santiago-calatrava/#!/3341704/neo-futurism
  85. ^ http://www.urbanspace.asia/blogs/architect-interview-with-santiago-calatrava
  86. ^ http://megalopolisnow.com/2012/08/08/tokyo-sky-tree-the-worlds-tallest-broadcasting-tower/
  87. ^ http://www.archdaily.com/tag/japan/page/33/

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hal Foster, Neo-Futurism: Architecture and Technology, AA Files No. 14, Spring 1987. Published by: Architectural Association School of Architecture http://www.jstor.org/stable/29543561
  • Jean-Louis Cohen,The Future of Architecture. Since 1889, Published by: Phaidon, London, 2012 http://www.architecturaldigest.com/ad/books/2012/jean-louis-cohen-future-of-architecture-book-article
  • Vito Di Bari, The Neofuturistic City Manifesto, 2007 www.neofuturistic.com
  • Rowena Easton, The NeoFuturist Manifesto, 2008 http://www.neofuturist.org/manifesto.php
  • Caroline Klein, “Futuristic: Vision of Future Living”, Published by: DAAB, Cologne, 2011 ISBN 9783942597098
  • Hal Foster, What's Neo about the Neo-Avant-Garde? Vol. 70, Autumn, 1994 Published by: The MIT Press http://www.jstor.org/stable/779051
  • A History of Neo-Futurism, Erica Anne Milkovich, 2010 - Avant-garde (Aesthetics)
  • Gunther Berghaus, From Futurism to Neo-Futurism, in Avant-garde/Neo-avant-garde, 2005, published by Dietrich Scheunemann, Rodopi BV http://www.rodopi.nl/senj.asp?BookId=Avant+17
  • Colin Rowe, Fred Koetter, After the Millennium, in Collage City, 1983, published by Architecture - The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
  • Etan Jonathan Ilfeld, Beyond Contemporary Art, 2012, Vivays Publishing, London
  • Anthony Vidler, Histories of the immediate present, 2008 MIT Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology ISBN 978-0-262-72051-9
  • Reyner Banham, “A Clip-on Architecture,” Architectural Design 35, no. 11
  • Reyner Banham: Historian of the Immediate Future (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002)
  • Ru Brown, FUTURISM IS DEAD LONG LIVE FUTURISM The legacy of techno-love in contemporary design, 2011, University of Washington - MDes Design Investigations
  • Gabriel Gyang Dung, Bridget Mlumun Akaakohol, J.C. Akor - The Concept Of Sustainable Development And The Challenges Of Economic Growth And Development In Nigeria - July 2014, Department of Economics, College of Education, Katsina-Ala.