The Neo-Mudéjar is an architectural movement which originated in Spain and emerged as a revival of the Mudéjar architecture. It appeared in the late 19th century in Madrid, and soon spread to other regions of the country. Such architects as Emilio Rodríguez Ayuso perceived the Mudéjar art as characteristical and exclusive Spanish style. They started to construct buildings using some of the features of the ancient style, as horseshoe arches and the use of the abstract shaped brick ornamentations for the façades.
The first example of the Neo-Mudéjar style was the Madrid's (now demolished) bullring, designed by Rodríguez Ayuso. The style became then a strong, almost "compulsory" reference for the construction of bullfight rings all around Spain and beyond the fronteers, to Portugal and the Hispanoamerican countries.
In Madrid it became one of its most representative styles, not only for public buildings, as Escuelas Aguirre or the Bullring of Las Ventas but also for housing. The use of cheap materials, mainly brick for exteriors, made it a popular style in the new neighborhoods.
The Neo-Mudéjar was often combined with Neo-Gothic by architects as Francisco de Cubas, Antonio María Repullés y Vargas or Francisco Jareño. After the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929 in Seville, another stream of Neo-Mudéjar features appeared: the Andalusian Architectural Regionalism. The Plaza de España (Seville) or the ABC newspaper headquarters (Madrid) are examples of this new style that combined traditional Andalusian architecture with Mudéjar features.
List of notable Neo-Mudéjar buildings
- Gran Teatro Falla, Cádiz
- Las Ventas bullring, Madrid
- Church of Santa Cruz, Madrid
- Church of La Paloma, Madrid
- Water tower (now exhibition space) Torre de Canal Isabel II, in Madrid.
- Escuelas Aguirre, Madrid
- Toledo railway station
- Zaragoza Post-Office
- Campo Pequeno bullring in Lisbon, Portugal, inspired in Madrid Bullring by Rodríguez Ayuso.
Gran Teatro Falla of Cádiz, built in 1884
Casa del Reloj, Arganzuela, Madrid.
Palacio Laredo in Alcalá de Henares
Ermita de la Virgen del Val in Alcalá de Henares
Detail of brick work and coat of arms in Teruel
Neo-Mudéjar in Seville
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