- "Neo-Pentecostalism" redirects here. "Neo-Pentecostalism" refers to both the Charismatic Movement and neocharismatic churches.
Neo-charismatic churches are a category of churches in the Christian Renewal movement. The Christian Renewal movement incorporates Pentecostal, Charismatic, and neo-charismatic churches. Neo-charismatics include the "Third Wave" but are broader—now more numerous than Pentecostals (first wave) and charismatics (second wave) combined, owing to the remarkable growth of postdenominational and independent charismatic groups.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2009)|
The term neo-charismatic was first applied in the 1970s, to churches that embraced many of the doctrines and practices of Pentecostal churches and the Charismatic Movement but were not formally aligned with either. In the 1980s, C. Peter Wagner coined the term Third Wave to distinguish the sort of charismatic spirituality he advocated from Pentecostalism. The phenomenon seems to have represented a particular cultural need within the North American scene. Many neo-charismatic groups were influenced by the Toronto Blessing in the mid-1990s, itself a neo-charismatic phenomenon that arose out of the Vineyard Movement.
Neo-charismatics, like Apostolics, Pentecostals and charismatics, believe in and stress the post-Biblical availability of gifts of the Holy Spirit, including glossolalia (speaking in tongues), healing, and prophecy. They practice laying on of hands and seek the "infilling" of the Holy Spirit. However, a specific experience of baptism with the Holy Spirit may not be requisite for experiencing such gifts. No single form, governmental structure, or style of church service characterizes all neo-charismatic services and churches. The general definition is somewhat negative in calling them "Christian bodies with pentecostal-like experiences that have no traditional pentecostal or charismatic denominational connections, (and sometimes only very slender—if any—historical connections)".
Adherents and denominations
Some 19,000 denominations or groups, with approximately 295 million individual adherents, are identified as neo-charismatic. Neo-charismatic tenets and practices are found in many independent, nondenominational or post-denominational congregations, with strength of numbers centered in the African independent churches, among the Han Chinese house-church movement, and in Latin American (especially Brazilian) churches.
- Burgess, Stanley M; van der Maas, Eduard M, eds. (2002), "Neocharismatics", New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements, Grand Rapids: Zondervan.
- Burgess, Stanley M; van der Maas, Eduard M, eds. (2002), New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements, Grand Rapids: Zondervan, p. 286–87.