Neo-populism or Neopopulism, also known as media populism or new populism, is a cultural and political movement emergent in the early 21st century, especially in Latin American countries. Neo-populism is an economic and social system based on worker initiative and democratic ideals. It is distinct from 20th century populism, a political philosophy supporting the rights and power of the people in their struggle against the privileged elite, in that it radically combines, or perhaps redefines, classically opposed left-right political attitudes and incorporates various new electronic media as a means of popular dissemination. In Latin America, this shift has been evidenced by various cross-pollinations of authoritarian or centralized government, populist rhetorical strategies and free market economics.
A fledgling realm of political thought, Neo-populism distinguishes itself from classical Populism in shifting focus from community rights to those of the individual. With a likewise contrasting emphasis on efficient non-bureaucratic government, differing opinions within the paradigm argue the appropriate scales of state responsibility in terms of public goods, of which, government transparency is largely assumed.