A neocorate was a rank or dignity granted by the Roman Senate and the Emperor under the Empire to certain cities which had built temples to the Emperor or had established cults of members of the Imperial family. The city itself was referred to as neokoros (pl. neokoroi). A temple dedicated to the emperor was also called neocorate. Starting in the 2nd century CE, the title appeared on many coins.
The term was first used as a title for a city for Ephesus and its Temple of the Sebastoi. There were approximately 37 cities holding the neocorate, concentrated in the province of Asia, but also in neighboring provinces.
A neokoros (νεώκoρος or νεωκόρος) was a sort of warden or sacristan of a temple, probably derived from νεώς 'temple' + κορέω 'to sweep', thus literally a temple-sweeper.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Neocorate". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Christopher Howgego, Volker Heuchert, Andrew Burnett, eds., Coinage and Identity in the Roman Provinces, passim
- Howgego, p. 127
- Steven J. Friesen, Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John, 2001, p. 43-55
- Supplementum epigraphicum graecum, 54:695
- Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, Henry Stuart Jones, A Greek–English Lexicon
- Barbara Burrell, Neokoroi: Greek Cities and Roman Emperors, Brill, 2004, ISBN 90-04-12578-7.
- "Neocorate", Coins celebrating the Neocorate, Coinarchives.com