Neofinetia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Neofinetia
Neofinetia falcata.jpg
Neofinetia falcata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Vandeae
Subtribe: Aeridinae
Alliance: Trichoglottis
Genus: Neofinetia
Hu
Species
Synonyms
  • Angorkis Thou. 1809
  • Angorkis Spreng 1822
  • Finetia Schltr.
  • Nipponorchis Masamune 1934

Neofinetia is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. There are three species found in China (3 species), Korea (2 species), and Japan (1 species).

Species[edit]

风兰 (feng lan) China (N Fujian, S Gansu, SW Hubei, W Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang)

풍란 (pungnan) Korea

風蘭 (fũran) Japan (Honshu from the Kantō region westwards; Shikoku; Kyushu; and Ryukyu Islands.)

  • Neofinetia richardsiana Christenson, Lindleyana 11: 220. 1996.

短距风兰 (duan ju feng lan) China (Chongqing) and possibly N. Korea.

  • Neofinetia xichangnensis Z. J. Liu & S. C. Chen, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 26: 300. 2004.

西昌风兰 (xi chang feng lan) China (SW Sichuan)

(There is some controversy on whether N. xichangnensis is a good species, or just a large form of N. richardsiana.)

Botanical History[edit]

The type species was introduced to the West from Japan by Carl Peter Thunberg in 1784, and placed in the genus Orchis. In 1925 H. H. Hu created Neofinetia as a monotypic genus.

Neofinetia is named in honor of Achille Eugène Finet, a French botanist and author of Contributions a la Flore de L'Asie Orientale. The Greek prefix neo, (new) was added to distinguish it from another plant genus named earlier to honor Finet.

Intergeneric hybrids[edit]

In horticulture, Neofinetia is abbreviated as Neof. In the last part of the 20th century, it gained a great deal of attention in hybrid programs with other vandaceous orchids, thanks to its relative hardiness, scent, compact size, and above all, ease of culture.[citation needed]

  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Arachnis = Hanesara
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Ascocentrum = Aerasconetia
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Ascocentrum x Rhynchostylis = Moonara
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Ascocentrum x Vanda = Micholitzara
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Rhynchostylis x Vanda = Sanjumeara
  • Neofinetia x Aerides x Vanda = Vandofinides
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Cleisocentron = Ascocleinetia
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Luisia = Luascotia
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Luisia x Rhynchostylis = Dominyara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Renanthera = Rosakirschara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Renanthera x Rhynchostylis x Vanda = Knudsonara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Rhynchostylis = Rumrillara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Rhynchostylis x Vanda = Darwinara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Vanda = Nakamotoara
  • Neofinetia x Ascocentrum x Vanda = Nakamotoara (e.g. 'Newberry Apricot')
  • Neofinetia x Luisia x Vanda = Luivanetia
  • Neofinetia x Renanthera x Rhynchostylis = Hueylihara
  • Neofinetia x Renanthera x Vanda = Renafinanda
  • Neofinetia x Rhynchostylis x Vanda = Yonezawaara (e.g. 'Blue Star')

References[edit]

  • Christenson, E.A. (1993). "Sarcanthine genera: 9. Neofinetia". Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 62 (5): 494–495. 
  • Christenson, E.A. (1996). "A new species of Neofinetia from China and northern Korea (Orchidaceae: Aeridinae)". Lindleyana. 11 (4): 220–221. 
  • Cooper, R. (1983). "Neofinetia falcata". J. Wellington Orchid Soc. 6 (11): 222. 
  • Dressler, Robert L. (1990). The Orchids: Natural History and Classification. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-87526-5. 
  • Liu Z.J., Chen S.C. (2004). "Neofinetia xichangensis, a new species of Orchidaceae from Sichuan". Acta Bot. Yunnanica. 26 (3): 299–300. 
  • Sheehan T., Sheehan M. (1983). "Orchid genera, illustrated: 91. Neofinetia". Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 52 (1): 48–49. 
  • Thunberg, Carl Peter (1784). Flora Japonica. Uppsala. 
  • Venter, H. J. (1997). "Mighty miniatures: no.19. Neofinetia falcata". S. Afr. Orchid J. 28 (4): 131. 
  • Flora of China 25: 483–484. 2009.

See also[edit]

Media related to Neofinetia at Wikimedia Commons