Neolentinus

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Neolentinus
NeoLentinus lepideus.JPG
Neolentinus lepideus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Gloeophyllales
Family: Gloeophyllaceae
Genus: Neolentinus
Redhead & Ginns (1985)
Type species
Neolentinus kauffmanii
(A.H.Sm.) Redhead & Ginns (1985)
Species

N. adhaerens
N. cirrhosus
N. dactyloides
N. kauffmanii
N. lepideus
N. pallidus
N. papuanus
N. ponderosus
N. schaefferi

Neolentinus is a wood-decaying genus of agarics with tough (leathery to woody) fruit bodies composed of dimitic tissue, serrated lamella edges, and nonamyloid white binucleate basidiospores among other features.[1] It was segregated from Lentinus in the broad taxonomic sense, hence the derivation of the name. Biologically Neolentinus species produce a brown rot type of decay of wood, whereas Lentinus causes a white rot. Molecular phylogenetic analysis shows that the two genera are unrelated.[2][3][4][5] Neolentinus is phylogenetically allied to other brown rot genera such as Gloeophyllum, Heliocybe, and Veluticeps. A new order, the Gloeophyllales, has been described for these fungi.[6][7] Heliocybe had been placed in synonymy but it differs phylogenetically and anatomically by the lack of clamp connections that all Neolentinus produce on their generative hyphae.

Species[edit]

The best known species in this genus is Neolentinus lepideus, sometimes known as The Train Wrecker, a name coined because the fungus is one of the few decay fungi that can grow on creosote-treated railroad ties. Neolentinus lepideus also grows on timbers in old mines, but because it requires light to form its cap, the fungus forms bizarre growth forms when fruit bodies start to form in dark mine shafts or cellars. Neolentinus lepideus is widely distributed worldwide.

Neolentinus kauffmanii decays sitka spruce on the west coast of North America, producing a variation of brown rot called brown pocket rot. Neolentinus ponderosus is another western North American species found on the ground, growing from the roots of or growing from the stumps of pine, predominantly Pinus ponderosa in montane areas. In California, it is often solitary, common in the Sierra, and is rare at low elevations. The fruiting commences from late spring to late summer. Sought out when young and tender, it has an excellent taste.

Neolentinus dactyloides is a fire ecology species [1] that fruits from massive subterranean pseudosclerotia in Australia.

Etymology[edit]

Neolentinus means the new (Latin - neo-) Lentinus. Lentinus is an older generic name historically applied to a broad group of agarics, and now restricted in application excluding Neolentinus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redhead, S.A. & Ginns, J.H. (1985). "A reappraisal of agaric genera associated with brown rots of wood". Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 26: 349–381. 
  2. ^ Thorn, R.G. et al. (2000). "Phylogenetic analyses and the distribution of nematophagy support monophyletic Pleurotaceae within the polyphyletic pleurotoid-lentinoid fungi". Mycologia 92 (2): 241–252. doi:10.2307/3761557. JSTOR 3761557. 
  3. ^ Hibbett, D.S. & Donoghue, M.J. (2001). "Analysis of character correlations among wood decay mechanisms, mating systems, and substrate ranges in Homobasidiomycetes". Syst. Biol. 50 (2): 215–242. doi:10.1080/10635150151125879. PMID 12116929. 
  4. ^ Hibbett, D.S. & Binder, M. (2002). "Evolution of complex fruiting-body morphologies in homobasidiomycetes". Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 269 (1504): 1963–1969. doi:10.1098/rspb.2002.2123. PMC 1691125. PMID 12396494. 
  5. ^ Binder, M. et al. (2005). "The phylogenetic distribution of resupinate forms across the major clades of mushroom-forming fungi (Homobasidiomycetes)". Syst. Biodivers. 3 (2): 113–157. doi:10.1017/S1477200005001623. 
  6. ^ Hibbett, D.S. et al. (2007). "A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycol. Res. 111 (Pt 5): 509–547. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334. 
  7. ^ García-Sandoval R, Wang Z, Binder M & Hibbett DS. (2011). "Molecular phylogenetics of the Gloeophyllales and relative ages of clades of Agaricomycotina producing a brown rot". Mycologia 103 (3): 510–524. doi:10.3852/10-209. PMID 21186327. 

External links[edit]