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Britton & Rose
The genus was first erected by Britton & Rose in 1922 in order to classify three uncomfortable species formerly placed in the genus Mammillaria (N. conoidea, N. ceratites, and N. grandiflora). A fourth species was added in 1923 (N. texensis). But it was not until 1948 that a fifth and final species was added by Backeberg (N. matehualensis).
It was not until Glass and Foster (1977) showed that there are very few botanical differences between Turbinicarpus and Gymnocactus that the definition of the Neolloydia genus began to take shape. Their work was followed up by John and Říha (1981) and finally by Anderson in 1986. It now seems that Anderson's work on the Neolloydia complex is the generally accepted view.
The following are considered synonyms of Neolloydia:
- Glass, C. & Foster, R. (1977), "A revision of the genus Turbinicarpus", Cactus and Succulent Journal (USA) 49: 161–176