Neonatal hypoglycemia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Neonatal hypoglycemia
Classification and external resources
MedlinePlus 007306
eMedicine article/802334

Neonatal hypoglycemia is a condition of decreased blood sugar or hypoglycemia in a neonate.

Causes[edit]

Neonatal hypoglycemia can be found in the following conditions:

Decreased substrate availability
  • Intrauterine growth retardation
  • Prematurity
  • Inborn errors of metabolism (e.g. fructose intolerance)
  • Glycogen storage disease
  • Prolonged fasting without IV glucose
Hyperinsulinemia
  • Infant of diabetic mother
  • Erythroblastosis fetalis
  • Exchange transfusion
  • Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome
  • Islet cell hyperplasia
  • Maternal ß-mimetic tocolytic agents
  • High umbilical arterial catheter
  • Abrupt cessation of IV glucose
Other endocrine abnormalities
  • Pan-hypopituitarism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Adrenal insufficiency
Increased glucose utilization
  • Cold stress
  • Sepsis
  • Increased work of breathing
  • Perinatal asphyxia
Other conditions
  • Polycythemia
  • Congenital heart disease
  • CNS abnormalities

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]