Neonatal teeth

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Natal teeth
Classification and external resources
MedlinePlus 003268

Natal teeth are teeth that are present at birth, and neonatal teeth are teeth that emerge through the gingiva during the first month of life (the neonatal period).[1]

The incidence of neonatal teeth varies considerably, between 1:700 and 1:30,000 depending on the type of study. ; the highest prevalence is found in the only study that relies on personal examination of patients.[2]

Presentation[edit]

Most often natal teeth are mandibular central incisors.[3] They have little root structure and are attached to the end of the gum by soft tissue and are often wobbly.[4]

Causes[edit]

Most of the time, natal teeth are not related to a medical condition. However, sometimes they may be associated with:[4]

Treatment[edit]

No intervention is usually recommended unless they are causing difficulty to the infant or mother.[2]

However some recommend that they be removed as the tooth can cut or amputate the tip of the tongue.

They should be left in the mouth as long as possible to decrease the likelihood of removing permanent tooth buds with the natal tooth.[6] They should also not be removed if the infant has hypoprothrombinemia.[6] In case of complications when the natal teeth need to be removed, dental radiographs should be obtained whenever possible, and evaluated and followed up with pediatric dentists.[6]

Notable cases[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seminario, AL; Ivancaková, R (2004). "Natal and neonatal teeth.". Acta medica (Hradec Kralove) / Universitas Carolina, Facultas Medica Hradec Kralove 47 (4): 229–33. PMID 15841901. 
  2. ^ a b MASSLER, M; SAVARA, BS (March 1950). "Natal and neonatal teeth; a review of 24 cases reported in the literature.". The Journal of pediatrics 36 (3): 349–59. doi:10.1016/S0022-3476(50)80105-1. PMID 15405415. 
  3. ^ Kates, GA; Needleman, HL; Holmes, LB (September 1984). "Natal and neonatal teeth: a clinical study". Journal of the American Dental Association (1939) 109 (3): 441–3. PMID 6592231. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Natal teeth". MedlinePlus : U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Ellis-van Creveld syndrome". MedlinePlus : U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Martinez, CR (March 1978). "Management of natal teeth". The Journal of family practice 6 (3): 654–5. PMID 632777. 
  7. ^ a b c d Berkovitz, Barry K.B (2012). Nothing but the Tooth: A Dental Odyssey. Newnes. p. 12. ISBN 9780123971937. Retrieved 8 July 2014.