Eastern woodrat

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Eastern woodrat
A large-eared, large-eyed rat, brownish above and white below, in green vegetation.
Neotoma floridana smalli
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Cricetidae
Genus: Neotoma
Species: N. floridana
Binomial name
Neotoma floridana
(Ord, 1818)

The eastern woodrat (Neotoma floridana),[2] is a pack rat native to the central and Eastern United States.[3] Its range extends from the latitude of southeastern New York south to the Gulf of Mexico. It has been recovered as a fossil from late Pleistocene deposits in southeastern New Mexico, several hundred miles southwest of its nearest current range.[citation needed]

Neotoma magister was previously considered to be within N. floridana, but the two are now considered to be separate species.[1]

As with most members of the genus[citation needed], it feeds opportunistically on nuts, seeds, fungi, buds, stems, roots, foliage, and fruits.[1] In the southern states, it often lives in holes in the ground or hollow trees, constructing large nests.[citation needed]

Predators include black rat snakes and long-tailed weasels.[1]

The eastern woodrat has four clawed digits and a thumb on the front limbs, and five clawed digits on its rear limbs.[3]



  1. ^ a b c d Linzey, 2008
  2. ^ Also known as the Florida woodrat or bush rat (Monty & Emerson, 2003: p. 381)
  3. ^ a b Monty & Emerson, 2003: p. 381