|Neotoma floridana smalli|
The eastern woodrat (Neotoma floridana), is a pack rat native to the central and Eastern United States. Its range extends from the latitude of southeastern New York south to the Gulf of Mexico. It has been recovered as a fossil from late Pleistocene deposits in southeastern New Mexico, several hundred miles southwest of its nearest current range.
As with most members of the genus, it feeds opportunistically on nuts, seeds, fungi, buds, stems, roots, foliage, and fruits. In the southern states, it often lives in holes in the ground or hollow trees, constructing large nests.
The eastern woodrat has four clawed digits and a thumb on the front limbs, and five clawed digits on its rear limbs.
- Harris, A. H. 1984. Neotoma in the Late Pleistocene of New Mexico and Chihuahua. Special Publications, Carnegie Museum of Natural History 8:164-178.
- Linzey, A.V., Jordan, R.A. & Hammerson, G. (2008). "Neotoma floridana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
- Monty, Anne-Marie & Emerson, Robert E. (2003). "Eastern Woodrat". In Feldhamer, George A. et al. Wild mammals of North America: biology, management, and conservation. JHU Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-7416-1.
- Wiley, R. W. 1980. Neotoma floridana. Mammalian Species, No. 139:1-7.
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