Nepal Rastra Bank
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|Established||April 26, 1956|
|Central bank of||Nepal|
NPR (ISO 4217)
The Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) was established in April 26, 1956 and is the central bank of Nepal. It supervises the banks and financial institutions (licensed by the Bank) in Nepal and guides monetary policy. Nepal Rastra Bank also oversees foreign exchange rates and the country's foreign exchange reserves and regulates the foreign exchange policy. The bank is one of the principal owners of the Nepal Stock Exchange.
The bank is engaged in the promotion of financial inclusion policy within the nation, and is also a member of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion. It made a Maya Declaration Commitment in 2013 to promote financial literacy, prepare a financial sector development strategy by the end of 2014, and improve mobile money services.
It is also a member of the Asian Clearing Union.
Nepal Rastra Bank was established in 1956 under the Nepal Rastra Bank Act, 1955, to discharge the central banking responsibilities including guiding the development of the embryonic domestic financial sector. Since inception, there has been a significant growth in both the number and the activities of the domestic financial institutions.
To reflect this dynamic environment, the functions and objectives of the Bank have been recast by the new NRB Act of 2002, the preamble of which lays down the primary functions of the Bank as:
- To formulate necessary monetary and foreign exchange policies to maintain the stability in price and consolidate the balance of payments for sustainable development of the economy of Nepal;
- To develop a secure, healthy and efficient system of payments;
- To make appropriate supervision of the banking and financial system in order to maintain its stability and foster its healthy development; and
- To further enhance the public confidence in Nepal's entire banking and financial system.
- To promote entire banking and financial system of the kingdom of Nepal system.
The Bank is eminently aware that, for the achievement of the above objectives in the present dynamic environment, sustained progress and continued reform of the financial sector is of utmost importance. Continuously aware of this great responsibility, NRB is seriously pursuing various policies, strategies and actions, all of which are conveyed in the annual report on monetary policy.
To become "A modern, dynamic, credible and effective Central Bank".
To maintain macro-economic stability through sound and effective monetary, foreign exchange and financial sector policies.
NRB Governors over the years
|No.||Name of Governor||Term of office|
|1.||Mr. Himalaya Shumsher J.B. Rana||April 26, 1956 – February 7, 1961|
|2.||Mr. Laxmi Nath Gautam||February 8, 1961 – June 17, 1965|
|3.||Mr. Pradyuma Lal Rajbhandari||June 18, 1965 – August 13, 1966|
|4.||Dr. Bhekh Bahadur Thapa||August 14, 1966 – July 26, 1967|
|5.||Dr. Yadav Prasad Pant||April 24, 1968 – April 28, 1973|
|6.||Mr. Kul Shekhar Sharma||April 29, 1973 – December 12, 1978|
|7.||Mr. Kalyana Bikram Adhikary||June 13, 1979 – December 8, 1984|
|8.||Mr. Ganesh Bahadur Thapa||March 25, 1985 – June 22, 1990|
|9.||Mr. Hari Shankar Tripathi||August 10, 1990 – January 17, 1995|
|10.||Mr. Satyendra Pyara Shrestha||January 18, 1995 – January 17, 2000|
|11.||Dr. Tilak Bahadur Rawal||January 31, 2000 - August 28, 2000, April 9, 2001 - January 28, 2005|
|12.||Mr. Deependra Purush Dhakal||August 29, 2000 – April 8, 2001|
|13.||Mr. Bijaya Nath Bhattarai||January 18, 2005 –January 15, 2009, July 26, 2009 - January 31, 2010|
|14.||Mr. Deependra Bahadur Kshetry||January 16, 2009 – July 26, 2009|
|15.||Dr. Yuba Raj Khatiwada||March 22, 2010 – Present|
- Krishna Bahadur Manandhar (July 5, 2007 - January 15, 2009)
Acting Governor of Nepal Rastra Bank who signed on note.
Deputy Governors of Nepal Rastra Bank and their Tenure
|No.||Name of Deputy Governor||Period|
|1.||Mr. Dhir Bikram Shah||November 1969 - November 1974|
|2.||Mr. Kumar Das Shrestha||November 1969 – November 1974|
|3.||Mr. Yudhir Shumsher Thapa||December 1974 – September 1981|
|4.||Mr. Ganesh Bahadur Thapa||December 1974 – November 1978|
|5.||Mr. Iswari Raj Pandey||December 1979 – November 1982|
|6.||Mr. Laba Raj Sharma||September 1982 – August 1987|
|7.||Mr. Hari Shankar Tripathi||August 1985 – May 1990|
|8.||Mr. Hiranya Lal Bajracharya||September 1987 - July 1992|
|9.||Mr. Achyut Prasad Poudyal||February 1991 – December 1992|
|10.||Dr. Harihar Dev Pant||December 1992 - January 1995|
|11.||Mr. Satyendra Pyara Shrestha||December 1992 - January 1995|
|12.||Dr. Puspa Raj Rajkarnikar||January 1995 – November 1995|
|13.||Dr. Prafulla Kumar Kafle||January 1995 - January 2000|
|14.||Mr. Bharat Krishna Sharma||November 1995 – November 2000|
|15.||Mr. Ram Babu Pant||February 2000 - February 2005|
|16.||Mr. Bijaya Nath Bhattarai||November 2000 - January 2005|
|17.||Mr. Lekh Nath Bhusal||February 2005 - November 2005|
|18.||Mr. Krishna Bahadur Manandhar||March 2005 - March 2010|
|19.||Mr. Bir Bikram Rayamajhi||December 2005 - December 2010|
|20.||Mr. Gopal Prasad Kafle||December 2010 – Present|
Board of Directors
As per section 14 of Nepal Rastra Bank Act, 2002, the Board of Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) comprises seven members: four ex officio members - the Governor (who is the Chairman), the Secretary, Ministry of Finance, two Deputy Governors, and three other Directors, who are appointed from amongst the persons renowned in the field of Economics, Monetary, Banking, Finance and Commercial Laws.
The Governor, Deputy Governors and other Directors are appointed by Government of Nepal, Council of Ministers for term of five years. Government may, reappoint the retiring Governor for another one term and the retiring other Directors for any term, if it is deemed necessary. The current members of the NRB Board are:
|Dr. Yubaraj Khatiwada||Chairman||Since: 22 March 2010|
|Suman Prasad Sharma||Member||Since: 15 August 2014|
|Gopal Prasad Kaphle||Member||Since: 26 December 2010|
|Maha Prasad Adhikari||Member||Since: 26 December 2010|
|Dr. Sri Ram Poudyal||Member||since: 8 April 2012|
|Dr. Ramhari Aryal||Member||since: 8 April 2012|
|Bal Krishna Man Singh||Member||since: 15 February 2013|
- Nepal Rastra Bank (July 2005), "Nepal Rastra Bank in 50 years"
- "AFI members". AFI Global. 2011-10-10. Retrieved 2012-02-23.