Nepal Telecom logo, 2004–present
|Traded as||NEPSE: NTC|
|Predecessor||Nepal Telecommunication Corporation|
|Headquarters||Bhadrakali Plaza, Kathmandu, Nepal|
|Budhi Prasad Acharya|
|Services||Fixed line and mobile telephony, broadband and fixed-line internet services|
|Revenue||NPR 39.2648 billion (2014)|
|NPR 39.268 billion (2014)|
|NPR 15.599 billion (2014)|
|Total assets||NPR 124.123 billion (2014)|
|Total equity||NPR 57.586 billion (2014)|
Number of employees
Nepal Doorsanchar Company Ltd. (Nepali: नेपाल दूरसञ्चार कम्पनी लिमिटेड), popularly known as Nepal Telecom (Nepali: नेपाल टेलिकम) is state owned telecommunication service provider in Nepal with 85% of the government share. The company was a monopoly until 2003, when the first private sector operator UTL started providing basic telephony services. The central office of Nepal Telecom is located at Bhadrakali Plaza, Kathmandu. It has branches, exchanges and other offices in 184 locations within the country.
It is the sole provider of fixed line, ISDN and leased-line services in Nepal. Following the entry of Ncell (previously called Mero Mobile) into Nepal's telecommunications industry in 2005, it is no longer the only provider of GSM mobile service. With around 7,000 employees, it is one of the largest corporations of Nepal. It has a total of 262 telephone exchanges in various part of the country serving 603,291 PSTN lines, more than 5 million GSM cellular phones and more than a million CDMA phone line as of July 2011. According to recent data, there are about 10 million users of Nepal Telecom including all those of fixed landline, GSM mobile, CDMA and internet service. As of September 2014, Nepal Telecom is planning to launch LTE by the end of 2015.
|Operator Name||Nepal Telecom|
|Network Name (Post-paid GSM Mobile)||NTC Mobile (429-01^NPL)|
|Network Name (Pre-paid GSM Mobile)||Namaste (429-01^NPL)|
|Network Name (CDMA Mobile)||Sky Phone (429-03)|
|Technology||GSM 900 (GPRS, EDGE), UMTS (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+), broadband, satellite phone, WiFi Hotspot|
|Network Status||Live since May 1999|
Known as Telecommunication Department at the time of establishment, its name was changed Telecommunications Development Board in 1969. After the enactment of Communications Corporation Act 1971, it was formally established as fully state-owned corporation called Nepal Telecommunication Corporation in 1975. On Magh 22, 2060 BS, Nepal Telecommunication Corporation was transformed to a public limited company. It is claimed to be the first Operator to provide 3G Service in South Asia.
|Government of Nepal||91.05%|
|Nagarik Lagaani Kosh||0.48%|
NTC presents it financial statement in accordance with Nepal Accounting Standards. NTC's financial results have been as follows:
|Year Ending||Turnover (NPR)||Profit/Loss before tax (NPR)||Net Profit/Loss (NPR)||Basic EPS (NPR)|
|Ashad end 2071||39,268,416,668||15,599,196,820||11,681,152,860||77.87|
|Ashad end 2070||38,858,260,979||15,131,032,565||11,299,175,997||75.33|
|Ashad end 2069||36,791,820,206||15,617,189,012||11,605,269,582||77.37|
|Ashad end 2068 "Restated"||31,932,177,589||16,389,639,364||12,120,298,794||80.80|
|Ashad end 2067||27,162,303,314||14,441,095,208||10,775,154,464||71.83|
- lease line service
- Basic Telephony
- GSM Cellular Telephony
- Internet Leased Line
- CDMA Network as SkyPhone
- Wireless Loop Link
- CDMA EV-DO
- 3G, HSDPA
- Intelligent Network
- Voice Mail
- GPRS Service
- Digital Data Network (DDN)
- WiFi Hotspot
- Fiber to the Home
3G Coverage Expansion and User Experience
As per the growing needs of fast & reliable internet among students & youngsters and to compete against private sectors in Nepalese telecommunications market, Nepal Telecom has commenced to expand its 3G coverage which was only available in Kathmandu, Pokhara and some parts of Bhaktapur at past times. Recently[when?], Nepal Telecom has expanded its 3G bandwidth by replacing old ZTE NodeB's with equipment from Huawei in more than 38 districts all over Nepal which can provide speed up to 7.2 Mbit/s. Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur are the only areas in Nepal which have been swapped by Nepal Telecom's 3G network, covering almost all parts. The 3G expansion project started from January 2014 initially covering whole Kathmandu Valley and then it swiftly moved towards the far western region of Nepal. After swapping far western cities, mid western region was the next area to be swapped. Mid Western Region's major cities and areas got fast 3G networks thereafter. However, only headquarters of districts were swapped by new improved BTS towers. The central region areas after Kathmandu Valley like Chitwan, Hetauda, Nuwakot[disambiguation needed], Sindhupalchowk, Kavrepalanchowk, Rasuwa, Dhading etc. were upgraded with the new HSDPA network. The eastern region areas like Dharan, Biratnagar, Damak, Illam, Taplejung also have been provided the new improved 3G network.
At present except Kathmandu Valley & some cities, entire parts of other districts aren't covered by 3G network of Nepal Telecom. Only headquarters & surrounding areas are swapped. Remaining areas & parts are planned to be swapped in upcoming years.
Awards and recognition
- Nepal Telecom has honoured with No.1 Taxpayer' title in FY 2009-10 and FY 2010-11.
- Best Presented Award for the best financial statements presentation awarded by Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nepal (ICAN) for consecutive three times (FY 2008-09, FY 2009-10 and FY 2010-11)
- "Milestones of Nepal Telecom" (Press release).
- "Schedule-1, Unaudited Financial Reports Q4" (PDF). Finance Department, Nepal Telecom.
- Nepal Telecom - 8th Anniversary Souvenir
- All telecom companies in Nepal to be Public – NTA Cross Holding Study Reports. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- NT Annual Report
- "NT looks to LTE for future data services". TeleGeography. 2014-09-17. Retrieved 2014-09-18.
- NT Annual Report
- "WiMAX in Nepal finally a reality – Nepal Telecom launches WiMAX". TechSansar.com. September 30, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
- "List & Location of available NT WiFi Hotspots". TechSansar.com. March 14, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
- Nepal Telecom honoured with 'No. 1 Taxpayer' title