# Nepalese customary units of measurement

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In Nepal, some customary units of measurement are still used, although the metric system has been the official standard since 1968.[1]

## Table for list of units used to measure land area in Nepal

Here is the list of units used in Nepal to calculate land area in Nepal.[2] All the commonly used measurement units are listed below.

• 1 Bigha (बिघा) = 20 Kattha (कठ्ठा)
• 1 Bigha (बिघा) = 6772.63 m²
• 1 Bigha (बिघा) = 72900 sq.ft.
• 1 Bigha (बिघा) = 13.31 Ropani
• 1 Kattha (कठ्ठा) = 20 Dhur (धुर)
• 1 Kattha (कठ्ठा) = 338.63 m²
• 1 Kattha (कठ्ठा) = 3645 sq.ft.
• 1 Dhur (धुर) = 16.93 m²
• 1 Dhur (धुर) = 182.25 sq.ft.
• 1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 16 aana (आना)
• 1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 64 Paisa (पैसा)
• 1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 508.72 m²
• 1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 5476 sq.ft.
• 1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 256 Daam (दाम)
• 1 Ropani = 4 Matomuri
• 1 Khetmuri = 25 Ropani
• 1 Aana (आना)= 4 Paisa (पैसा)
• 1 Aana (आना)= 31.80 m²
• 1 Aana (आना) = 342.25 sq. ft.
• 1 Aana (आना) = 16 Daam (दाम)
• 1 Paisa (पैसा) = 4 Daam (दाम)
• 1 Paisa (पैसा) = 7.95 m²
• 1 Paisa (पैसा) = 85.56 sq. ft.
• 1 Daam (दाम) = 1.99 m²
• 1 Daam (दाम) = 21.39 sq. ft.
• 1 Haath = 1.5 ft.

## Length

The kos (kosh, krosh, koss) is a very ancient measure of distance, measuring about 2.25 miles or 3.7 km.[3]

• 1 angul = approx. 0.75 inch
• 4 angul = 1 dharnugrah (bow grip) = 3 in
• 8 angul = 1 dhanurmushti (fist with thumb raised) = 6 in
• 12 angul = 1 vitastaa (span) = 9 in
• 2 vittaa (cubit) = 18 in
• 4 haath = 1 dand or dhanush (bow) = 6 ft
• 2000 dand = 1 kos or Gorut = 4000 yards or 2.25 miles
• 4 kos = 1 yojan = 9 miles

## Area

Terai region

In southern parts of Nepal, the customary units are those used elsewhere in South Asia:

Mountainous regions

A different system is used in hilly regions:

• 1 paisa = 4 dam (daam)
• 1 ana = 4 paisa
• 1 ropani = 16 ana
Conversions
• 1 ropani = 74 feet × 74 feet
• 1 bigha = 13 ropani
• 1 kattha = 442 square yards or 338 square meters[4]