Nepenthes madagascariensis

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Nepenthes madagascariensis
Pitcher plant Madagascar.jpg
Nepenthes madagascariensis growing near Esama, Manantenina, Madagascar
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Nepenthaceae
Genus: Nepenthes
Species: N. madagascariensis
Binomial name
Nepenthes madagascariensis
Poir. (1797)[1]
Nepenthes madagascariensis distribution on satelite.png
Distribution of N. madagascariensis.
Synonyms

Nepenthes madagascariensis (/nɨˈpɛnθz mædəˌɡæskɑriˈɛnsɪs/; from Madagascar) is one of two Nepenthes pitcher plant species native to Madagascar, the other being N. masoalensis.

Botanical history[edit]

Nepenthes madagascariensis was the first Nepenthes species to be discovered; Étienne de Flacourt recorded it in 1658 under the name Amramatico. He published a description of the plant in his seminal work Histoire de la Grande Isle de Madagascar. It reads:[3]

It is a plant growing about 3 feet high which carries at the end of its leaves, which are 7 inches long, a hollow flower or fruit resembling a small vase, with its own lid, a wonderful sight. There are red ones and yellow ones, the yellow being the biggest. The inhabitants of this country are reluctant to pick the flowers, saying that if somebody does pick them in passing, it will not fail to rain that day. As to that, I and all the other Frenchmen did pick them, but it did not rain. After rain these flowers are full of water, each one containing a good half-glass. [translated from French in Pitcher-Plants of Borneo][4]

Nepenthes madagascariensis in habitat, Tôlanaro (Fort Dauphin)

Ecology[edit]

Nepenthes madagascariensis occurs along the eastern coast of Madagascar. It is most common in the south of the island, around Tôlanaro, though it is found as far north as the Masoala Peninsula. It grows along the edges of swamps and in peaty or sandy soils at low altitudes.[5]

The pitchers of N. madagascariensis play host to at least two species of infaunal spiders: Synema obscuripes and Theridion decaryi.[6]

Infraspecific taxa[edit]

  • N. madagascariensis var. macrocarpa Scott Elliot (1891)
  • N. madagascariensis var. cylindrica Dub. (1906)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Poiret, J.L.M. 1797. Népente. In: J.B. Lamarck Encyclopédie Méthodique Botanique Vol. 4.
  2. ^ (French) Brongniart, A. 1824. Observations sur les genres Cytinus et Nepenthes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles 1: 29–52.
  3. ^ de Flacourt, É. 1658. Histoire de la Grande Isle de Madagascar.
  4. ^ Phillipps, A. & A. Lamb 1996. Pitcher-Plants of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
  5. ^ Clarke, C.M., R. Cantley, J. Nerz, H. Rischer & A. Witsuba (2000). Nepenthes madagascariensis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Listed as Vulnerable (VU D2 v2.3).
  6. ^ Rembold, K., E. Fischer, B.F. Striffler & W. Barthlott 2012. Crab spider association with the Malagasy pitcher plant Nepenthes madagascariensis. African Journal of Ecology 51(1): 188–191. doi:10.1111/aje.12037

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]