Nepenthes palawanensis

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Nepenthes palawanensis
Nepenthes palawanensis1.jpg
A lower pitcher of N. palawanensis photographed by Stewart McPherson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Nepenthaceae
Genus: Nepenthes
Species: N. palawanensis
Binomial name
Nepenthes palawanensis
S.McPherson, Cervancia, Chi.C.Lee, Jaunzems, Mey & A.S.Rob. (2010)[1]

Nepenthes palawanensis is a tropical pitcher plant endemic to Sultan Peak on the island of Palawan in the Philippines, where it grows at elevations of 1100–1236 m above sea level.[1] It was discovered in February 2010 by Jehson Cervancia and Stewart McPherson.[2]

The species appears to be most closely related to N. attenboroughii, which grows on nearby Mount Victoria.[2][3] Nepenthes palawanensis can be distinguished from N. attenboroughii by its pitchers, which are even larger, sometimes exceeding 35 cm in height,[4] and with a capacity of 1.5–2 litres of water.[5] (The largest pitchers remain those of N. rajah.)[5] Another difference from N. attenboroughii is that the pitchers of N. palawanensis are lined with orange to red hairs.[5]

Nepenthes palawanensis was featured as number 4 on Chris Packham's "top ten discoveries of extraordinary and weird new species from the last decade" on the BBC programme Decade of Discovery, first broadcast on December 14, 2010.[6][7]

The discovery of N. attenboroughii, by a team that included McPherson, helped to obtain local support for the protection of the Mount Victoria range; following the discovery of N. palawanensis, it was hoped that similar support for the Sultan range might result.[5] To date, neither mountain has been afforded protected status.[8]

Nepenthes palawanensis forms natural hybrids with a taxon resembling N. philippinensis.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McPherson, S., J. Cervancia, C. Lee, M. Jaunzems, A. Fleischmann, F. Mey, E. Gironella & A. Robinson 2010. Nepenthes palawanensis (Nepenthaceae), a new pitcher plant species from Sultan Peak, Palawan Island, Philippines. In: S.R. McPherson Carnivorous Plants and their Habitats. Volume 2. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole. pp. 1332–1339.
  2. ^ a b New Species - Nepenthes palawanensis. Redfern Natural History Productions Ltd.
  3. ^ McPherson, S. 2010. New giant Nepenthes species - Nepenthes palawanensis. Carnivorous Plants UK, February 28, 2010.
  4. ^ McPherson, S. 2010. Nepenthes palawanensis: another new species of giant pitcher plant from the Philippines. Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 39(3): 89–90.
  5. ^ a b c d [Anonymous] 2010. Pitcher this: a new Nepenthes. The Plantsman (New Series) 9(2): 73.
  6. ^ Decade of Discovery. BBC iPlayer. [N. palawanensis segment runs from approximately 35:07 to 36:43]
  7. ^ The decade's top ten new species. BBC Earth News, December 12, 2010.
  8. ^ The Protected Areas of Palawan. Palawan Council for Sustainable Development.
  9. ^ McPherson, S.R. & V.B. Amoroso 2011. Field Guide to the Pitcher Plants of the Philippines. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole.

External links[edit]