Nephila pilipes

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Nephila pilipes
Taken near Chitwan, Nepal
Ventral side of same specimen
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Family: Nephilidae
Genus: Nephila
Species: N. pilipes
Binomial name
Nephila pilipes
(Fabricius, 1793)
Synonyms

Aranea longipes
Aranea maculata
Aranea pilipes
Aranea sebae
Epeira chrysogaster
Nephila maculata
Nephila fuscipes
Epeira fuscipes
Epeira doreyana
Epeira caliginosa
Nephila ornata
Epeira penicillum
Epeira harpyia
Nephila chrysogaster
Meta ornata
Nephila pecuniosa
Nephila aurosa
Nephila procera
Nephila sulphurosa
Nephila tenuipes
Nephila submaculata

Nephila pilipes is a species of golden orb-web spider. It can be found in Japan, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Taiwan, Singapore, Myanmar, Indonesia, Thailand, Laos, Philippines, Sri Lanka, India, and Papua New Guinea. It is commonly found in primary and secondary forests and gardens. Females are large and grow to a body size of 30–50 mm (overall size up to 20 cm), with males growing to 5–6 mm. It is one of the biggest spiders in the world.

The Nephila pilipes' web is vertical with a fine irregular mesh and not symmetrical, with the hub is usually nearer the top. Rather than egg sacks being hung in the web, a pit is dug which is then covered with plant debris or soil.

The first, second and fourth pairs of legs of juvenile females have dense hairy brushes, but as the spider matures these brushes disappear.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Nephila pilipes annulipes Thorell, 1881 (Indonesia)
  • Nephila pilipes flavornata Merian, 1911 (Sulawesi)
  • Nephila pilipes hasselti (Doleschall, 1859) (Java)
  • Nephila pilipes jalorensis (Simon, 1901) (India)
  • Nephila pilipes lauterbachi (Dahl, 1912) (New Guinea)
  • Nephila pilipes malagassa (Strand, 1907) (Madagascar)
  • Nephila pilipes novaeguineae (Strand, 1906) (New Guinea)
  • Nephila pilipes piscatorum Vis, 1911 (Queensland)
  • Nephila pilipes walckenaeri (Doleschall, 1857) (Java)

Different views & aspects[edit]

References[edit]