Nepotianus

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Nepotianus
Usurper of the Roman Empire
Centenionalis-Nepotianus-rome RIC 200.2.jpg
Nepotianus on a coin bearing
his claimed title of Augustus
Reign 3–30 June 350
(in competition with Magnentius)[1]
Full name
Flavius Iulius Popilius
Nepotianus Constantinus
Dynasty Constantinian
Father Virius Nepotianus
Mother Eutropia
Died 30 June 350(350-06-30)
Rome

Iulius Nepotianus (died June 30, 350),[1] commonly known in English as Nepotian, was a member of the Constantinian dynasty who reigned as a short-lived usurper of the Roman Empire. He ruled the city of Rome for twenty-eight days, before being killed by his rival usurper Magnentius' general Marcellinus.[1]

Background[edit]

Nepotianus was the son of Eutropia, half-sister of Emperor Constantine I,[2] and of Virius Nepotianus. On his mother's side, he was the grandson of Emperor Constantius Chlorus and Flavia Maximiana Theodora.

Events[edit]

After the revolt of Magnentius, Nepotianus proclaimed himself "emperor" and entered Rome with a band of gladiators[2] on 3 June 350.[1] After attempting to resist Nepotianus with an undisciplined force of Roman citizens, the defeated Praefectus urbi Titianus (or Anicius, or Anicetus), a supporter of Magnentius, fled the city.

Magnentius quickly dealt with this revolt[2] by sending his trusted magister officiorum Marcellinus to Rome. According to Eutropius, Nepotianus was killed in the resulting struggle (on 30 June), his head put on a lance and borne around the city.[2] In the following days, his mother Eutropia was also killed, during the persecution of the supporters of Nepotianus, most of whom were senators.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "DiMaio, Michael, "Nepotian (350 A.D.)", ''DIR''". Roman-emperors.org. 1996-08-06. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
  2. ^ a b c d Eutropius x.11

References[edit]