Nepsis (or nipsis; Greek: νῆψις) is an important idea in Orthodox Christian theology, considered the hallmark of sanctity. Nepsis is a state of watchfulness or sobriety acquired following a long period of catharsis. Perhaps most associated with Orthodox monasticism, numerable references to nepsis are made in The Philokalia (the full title of The Philokalia being The Philokalia of the Niptic Fathers). Parallels could likely be made between nepsis and Buddhist mindfulness, Islamic dhikr, and Jewish devekut.Empty citation (help)
 Related to Asceticism
In Eastern Christianity, the Christian's struggle against the world of passions, corruptions and illusions is called asceticism. This involves "bringing the head into the heart" - long periods of introspection, self-criticism, and vigilance. When Jesus says in the Gospels to "keep watch," he is referring to this process. Greek monks also used the teachings of Plato in the Republic, interpreting Plato's triune soul (and the process involved in ordering it) as related to the ascetic's struggle.
As the Christian becomes purified, in time he reaches the stage of illumination. At this point, the contemplative life begins, and watchfulness takes on a whole other meaning. Ultimately, the goal of the Eastern Christian is called theosis, the "deification" of man. According to St. Athanasius and others, "God became man so man can become god."