Nera River (Danube)

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Coordinates: 44°49′48″N 21°21′12″E / 44.83000°N 21.35333°E / 44.83000; 21.35333
Nera
River
Reka Nera.jpg
Nera River
Countries Romania, Serbia
County or Province Caraș-Severin County, Vojvodina
Towns Bela Crkva
Source
 - location Semenic Mountains,
Junction of headwaters Nergana and Nerganiţa, Romania
Mouth Danube
 - location near Banatska Palanka, Romanian-Serbian border
 - coordinates 44°49′48″N 21°21′12″E / 44.83000°N 21.35333°E / 44.83000; 21.35333
Length 124 km (77 mi)
Basin 1,240 km2 (479 sq mi)
Official River Code VI.1

The Nera (Romanian: Nera, Serbian: Nera or Нера, Hungarian: Néra) is a 124-kilometre (77 mi) long river running through Romania and Serbia, and the left tributary of the Danube.

Romania[edit]

The Nera rises in the Semenic mountains, the easternmost part of the Banat region, south of the city of Reşiţa, in the Caraş-Severin County of Romania. The river starts at the junction of headwaters of the Nergana and Nerganiţa then flows straight to the south from the Piatra Grozbe peak, under which it springs. Reaching the village of Borlovenii Vechi, the Nera turns southwest, flowing between the Semenic and Banat Mountains. In this section, the Nera receives its left tributary, the Rudăria, and passes next to many villages (Prilipeț, Dalboșeț, Moceriș), until it reaches Șopotu-Nou, where it sharply turns to the northwest, still curving around the Semenic mountains. It passes next to the villages of Sasca Română, Sasca Montana, Slatina Nera and Naidăș, at which point it becomes the border between Romania and Serbia for the remaining 27 kilometres (17 mi).

Border River[edit]

In the border section, the Nera flows through the depression of Bela Crkva (Belocrkvanska kotlina; Cyrillic: Белоцркванска котлина), and settlements on the Romanian side include Lescovița, Zlatița and Socol, while on the Serbian side there is only one village on the river itself, Kusić, with several settlements in the vicinity of the river: Kaluđerovo, the town of Bela Crkva, Vračev Gaj and Banatska Palanka. At Vračev Gaj the river turns south and empties into the Danube near the village of Stara Palanka.

In the final section, the Nera is 20 to 40 metres (66 to 131 ft) wide with varying depths, and as the riverbed is made mostly of gravel, it spills over in series of limans, filled with murky waters. The mouth itself is a popular fishing spot.

The Nera drains an area of 1,240 square kilometres (480 sq mi) of the Black Sea drainage basin and it is not navigable.

Settlements located near the river[edit]

In Romania: Prigor, Bozovici, Dalboşeţ, Şopotu Nou, Sasca Montană, Naidăş, Socol

In Serbia: Kusić, Bela Crkva, Vračev Gaj, Banatska Palanka, Stara Palanka

Tributaries[edit]

The following are tributaries of the Nera:

Left: Nerganiţa, Prigor, Rudăria, Bănia, Valea Mare, Şopotu, Bârzu, Boiniţa, Răchita, Ogașu Rogozului, Ogaşu Babei, Ogaşu Mare, Haimeliug, Ogașu Porcului, Ulmu Mic, Ulmu Mare, Ogașu Porcariului, Padina Başchii, ZgârceaŞuşara, Fântâna Seacă

Right: Nergana, Coşava, HiclişagCiurezu, Miniş, Lighidia, Agriş, Lăpuşnicu, Oreştica, Moceriş, Ducin, Bresnic, Arsa, Meliugel, Râul Dracului, Ogașu Alunilor, Radovanu, Valea Rea, Padina Seacă, Lindina, Beu

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române – Cadastrul Apelor — București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie – Rîurile României – București 1971
  • Trasee turistice – județul Caraș [1]

Maps[edit]

  • Munții Anina [2]
  • Harta Județului Caraș-Severin [3]