Nera River (Danube)
|County or Province||Caraș-Severin County, Vojvodina|
|- location||Semenic Mountains,
Junction of headwaters Nergana and Nerganiţa, Romania
|- location||near Banatska Palanka, Romanian-Serbian border|
|Length||124 km (77 mi)|
|Basin||1,240 km2 (479 sq mi)|
|Official River Code||VI.1|
The Nera rises in the Semenic mountains, the easternmost part of the Banat region, south of the city of Reşiţa, in the Caraş-Severin County of Romania. The river starts at the junction of headwaters of the Nergana and Nerganiţa then flows straight to the south from the Piatra Grozbe peak, under which it springs. Reaching the village of Borlovenii Vechi, the Nera turns southwest, flowing between the Semenic and Banat Mountains. In this section, the Nera receives its left tributary, the Rudăria, and passes next to many villages (Prilipeț, Dalboșeț, Moceriș), until it reaches Șopotu-Nou, where it sharply turns to the northwest, still curving around the Semenic mountains. It passes next to the villages of Sasca Română, Sasca Montana, Slatina Nera and Naidăș, at which point it becomes the border between Romania and Serbia for the remaining 27 kilometres (17 mi).
In the border section, the Nera flows through the depression of Bela Crkva (Belocrkvanska kotlina; Cyrillic: Белоцркванска котлина), and settlements on the Romanian side include Lescovița, Zlatița and Socol, while on the Serbian side there is only one village on the river itself, Kusić, with several settlements in the vicinity of the river: Kaluđerovo, the town of Bela Crkva, Vračev Gaj and Banatska Palanka. At Vračev Gaj the river turns south and empties into the Danube near the village of Stara Palanka.
In the final section, the Nera is 20 to 40 metres (66 to 131 ft) wide with varying depths, and as the riverbed is made mostly of gravel, it spills over in series of limans, filled with murky waters. The mouth itself is a popular fishing spot.
Settlements located near the river
The following are tributaries of the Nera:
Left: Nerganiţa, Prigor, Rudăria, Bănia, Valea Mare, Şopotu, Bârzu, Boiniţa, Răchita, Ogașu Rogozului, Ogaşu Babei, Ogaşu Mare, Haimeliug, Ogașu Porcului, Ulmu Mic, Ulmu Mare, Ogașu Porcariului, Padina Başchii, ZgârceaŞuşara, Fântâna Seacă
Right: Nergana, Coşava, HiclişagCiurezu, Miniş, Lighidia, Agriş, Lăpuşnicu, Oreştica, Moceriş, Ducin, Bresnic, Arsa, Meliugel, Râul Dracului, Ogașu Alunilor, Radovanu, Valea Rea, Padina Seacă, Lindina, Beu
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