Neskantaga First Nation
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- Lansdowne House, Ontario redirects here. For the community in Southern Ontario, see Lansdowne, Ontario.
Neskantaga First Nation (formerly known as Lansdowne House Indian Band) is a remote Oji-Cree First Nation community in the northern reaches of the Canadian province of Ontario, situated along the shore of Attawapiskat Lake in the District of Kenora.
The First Nation is a signatory to Treaty 9 (originally as part of the Fort Hope Band) and has reserved for itself the 831.50 hectares (2,055 acres) Neskantaga Indian Reserve, containing the main community of Lansdowne House Indian Settlement, also known as Lansdowne House, Ontario. Associated with the Neskantaga First Nation is the Summer Beaver Indian Settlement, which is shared with Nibinamik First Nation. The Lansdowne House is linked to the rest of Ontario by the Lansdowne House Airport, and by winter roads and ice roads to points south, via the Northern Ontario Resource Trail. As of November of 2011, there is a total registered population of 414 people, of whom 304 people live on their own reserve.
Northern Light Mission Trips have been conducted for the children of the community by members of the Tintern Church of Christ in Beamsville, Ontario.
The First Nation elects its officials under the Custom Electoral System. The most recent officials were Peter Moonias as Chief, and Bill Mequanawap, Christopher Moonias, Kelvin Moonias and William Moonias as Councillors; their two-year term ended on 03/31/2013.
The First Nation's council is a member of the Matawa First Nations, a local Chiefs Council, and of Nishnawbe Aski Nation, a Tribal Political Organisation representing most of the First Nations in northern Ontario.
- Neskantaga Education Centre;
- Neskantaga Elementary School;
- Keewayintook Internet High School (KiHS) - Offers a variety of grade 9 to 12 courses including PLAR and CO-OP.
- Health Care
- Keewaytinook Okimakanak Telemedicine (KOTM) - Neskantaga Site;
- Neskantaga Health & Social Services.
- Neskantaga Band Office;
- Neskantaga Northern Store.
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