Nestor Redondo

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Nestor Redondo
Born Nestor Purrugan Redondo
(1928-05-04)May 4, 1928
Candon, Ilocos Sur, the Philippines
Died September 30, 1995(1995-09-30) (aged 67)
Granada Hills, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.
Nationality Filipino
Area(s) Penciller, Inker, Publisher, Animation Designer, Painter
Notable works
Limited Collectors' Edition #C-36 (The Bible),
Rima, the Jungle Girl,
Savage Sword of Conan,
Swamp Thing
Awards Inkpot Award, 1979

Nestor Redondo (May 4, 1928[1] – September 30, 1995)[2][3] was a Filipino comic book artist best known for his work for DC Comics, Marvel Comics, and other American publishers in the 1970s and early 1980s.

Biography[edit]

Early life and career[edit]

Redondo was born May 4, 1928,[1] in Candon, Ilocos Sur, the Philippines.[2][3]

He studied architecture at the Mapúa Institute of Technology in Manila until fourth year, and did not finish having been lured into drawing in comics and working in advertising.

Redondo began his career drawing Filipino komiks serials, which were written by his brother Virgilio,[4] including Mars Ravelo's Darna series. In 1969 and 1970 Redondo did a four-page serial Mga Kasaysayang Buhat sa Bibliya (Tales from the Bible) in each issue of Superyor Komiks Magasin, which was produced by his own company, Nestor Redondo Publications. This company launched a program of on-the-job training for young writers and artists.[2][3]

Another Redondo brother, Francisco "Quico" Redondo was a comics artist as well.

American work[edit]

In the 1970s, Redondo began to do work for publishers in the United States. His earliest U.S. credit is penciling and inking the ten-page story "The King Is Dead", by writer Jack Oleck, in DC Comics' House of Mystery #194 (Sept. 1971).[5] Through the 1970s, Redondo drew dozens of such supernatural anthology stories for DC titles including House of Secrets, The Phantom Stranger, Secrets of Sinister House, The Unexpected, Weird War Tales, and The Witching Hour.[5] He drew six of the seven issues of Rima, the Jungle Girl (May 1974 - March 1975),[6] based on the heroine of a Victorian novel,[7] as well as Swamp Thing #11-23 (Aug. 1974 - July 1976),[8] and DC's tabloid-sized one-shot collection of Bible stories, cover-titled The Bible but officially titled Limited Collectors' Edition #C-36 (July 1975).[9] Nestor Redondo and his brother Frank Redondo often collaborated and credited together as the "Redondo Studio" most notably on the Ragman series for DC.[10][11][12]

Panel, DC Comics' Rima, the Jungle Girl #6 (Feb.-March 1975). Art by Redondo.

In 1970, Redondo was approached by Vincent Fago of Pendulum Press to illustrate stories in their new line of comic book adaptations of literary classics. Redondo offered to help Fago recruit some of his fellow Filipino comics artists, which he did;[13] these artists ended up illustrating almost every comic Pendulum produced. From 1973–1979, Redondo illustrated many stories in the Pendulum Illustrated Classics line, including Dracula and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde adaptations reprinted by Marvel Comics three years later as Marvel Classics Comics.[5] Other adaptations illustrated by Redondo for Pendulum included The Great Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, some Edgar Allan Poe stories, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ, The Odyssey, and Romeo and Juliet. In addition, Redondo illustrated a Pendulum comic book history of the American Civil War, and biographies of Madame Curie, Albert Einstein, and Abraham Lincoln.

In the mid-1980s, Redondo inked the Eclipse Comics time-travel series Aztec Ace, by writer Doug Moench and pencilers Michael Hernandez and Dan Day. In 1990, he contributed to the second issue of the Marvel Comics superhero series Solarman as well as to an issue of Innovation Comics' Legends of the Stargrazers.[5] Redondo collaborated with Roy Thomas on an adaptation of Robert E. Howard's Marchers of Valhalla in the mid-1990s, but the finished comic book never saw print.

Christian comics[edit]

More regularly, Redondo contributed to various Christian comics. In addition to the DC Comics' 1975 one-shot collection of Bible stories, Redondo illustrated Marx, Lenin, Mao and Christ, published in 1977 by Open Doors (and reprinted in 2010 by Calvary Comics); Pendulum's Ben-Hur, published in 1978; Aida-Zee, Behold 3-D, and Christian Comics & Games #0 and #1, produced in the 1990s by The Nate Butler Studio; and Born Again Comics #2, featuring a story about Filipino actor-turned-evangelist Fred Galang. Redondo was a panelist for the first Christian comics panel discussion of the San Diego Comic Convention in 1992.[14]

In preparation for the First International Christian Comics Training Conference in Tagaytay, the Philippines in January 1996, Redondo wrote On Realistic Illustration for his main teaching session, but died before he was able to deliver it personally.[14]

Awards[edit]

In 1979, Redondo received the Inkpot Award at the San Diego Comic Convention.[15]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Archived from the original on October 29, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Nestor Redondo". Lambiek Comiclopedia. July 29, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Alanguilan, Doroteo L., ed. "Nestor Redondo". The Philippine Comics Art Museum. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Virgilio Redondo". Lambiek Comiclopedia. July 29, 2012. Archived from the original on February 12, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d Nestor Redondo at the Grand Comics Database
  6. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. Editor Joe Kubert's gorgeous covers, plus the untamed beauty of South America's wildlife and flora, as accentuated by famed Filipino artist Nestor Redondo, were unforgettable. 
  7. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). "The Bronze Age 1970-1984". 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Taschen America. p. 543. ISBN 9783836519816. W. H. Hudson's 1904 novel Green Mansions provided a heroine to serve as a counterpart to Tarzan, then being published by DC. 
  8. ^ Levitz, p. 482: The search for [Swamp Thing artist Bernie Wrightson's] replacement led to the Filipino talent pool that was producing most of the mystery line's art - a studio now led by Nestor Redondo, a premier artist in that country."
  9. ^ Zeno, Eddy (December 2012). "DC Comics' The Bible". Back Issue! (TwoMorrows Publishing) (61): 17–23. 
  10. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171: "Writer Robert Kanigher's origin of the frayed hero was pieced together into moody, coarse segments by Joe Kubert and Nestor, Frank, and Quico Redondo."
  11. ^ Markstein, Don (2010). "Ragman". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. 
  12. ^ Redondo Studio at the Grand Comics Database
  13. ^ Fago, Vincent, "Nestor Redondo and the Pendulum Classics," in Arthur Conan Doyle: Rosebud Graphic Classics (Eureka Productions, 2002), pp. 4-6.
  14. ^ a b "Nestor Redondo - Christian Comics Pioneer". Christian Comics International. n.d. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Inkpot Award Winners". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
n/a
Rima, the Jungle Girl artist
1974–1975
Succeeded by
Abe Ocampo
Preceded by
Bernie Wrightson
Swamp Thing artist
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Ernie Chan and Fred Carrillo