|Paradigm(s)||multiparadigm: object-oriented, procedural, structured|
|Designed by||Mike Cowlishaw|
|Stable release||3.02 (June 25, 2013)|
|Typing discipline||Static, strong, safe, partly dynamic, everything is a string (for the Rexx data type, which handles strings and numbers)|
|Major implementations||RexxLA NetRexx|
|Influenced by||PL/I, EXEC 2, BASIC, Java|
|License||International Components for Unicode|
NetRexx is an open source, originally IBM's, variant of the REXX programming language to run on the Java virtual machine. It supports a classic REXX syntax, with no reserved keywords, along with considerable additions to support object-oriented programming in a manner compatible with Java's object model, yet can be used as both a compiled and an interpreted language, with an option of using only data types native to the JVM or the NetRexx runtime package. The latter offers the standard Rexx data type that combines string processing with unlimited precision decimal arithmetic. Integration with the JVM platform is tight, and all existing Java class libraries can be used unchanged and without special setup; at the same time, a Java programmer can opt to just use the Rexx class from the runtime package for improved string handling in Java syntax source programs.
NetRexx is free to download from the Rexx Language Association. IBM announced the transfer of NetRexx 3.00 source code to the Rexx Language Association (RexxLA) on June 8, 2011.
In 1995 Mike Cowlishaw ported Java to OS/2 and soon after started with an experiment to run REXX on the JVM. With REXX generally considered the first of the general purpose scripting languages, NetRexx is the first alternative language for the JVM. The 0.50 release, from April 1996, contained the NetRexx runtime classes and a translator written in REXX but tokenized and turned into an OS/2 executable. The 1.00 release came available in January 1997 and contained a translator bootstrapped to NetRexx. Release 2.00 became available in August 2000 and was a major upgrade, in which interpreted execution was added.
Mike Cowlishaw left IBM in March 2010, and the future of IBM NetRexx as open source was unknown for a while. IBM finally announced the transfer of NetRexx source code to the Rexx Language Association (RexxLA) on June 8, 2011, 14 years after the v1.0 release.
IBM released the NetRexx source code to RexxLA under the ICU open source license. RexxLA shortly after released this as NetRexx 3.00 and has followed up with releases 3.01 on August 23, 2012, and 3.02 on June 25th, 2013.
- ARexx, similar capability on the Amiga OS platform
- Cowlishaw, M. F., The NetRexx Language, Prentice-Hall, 1997, ISBN 0-13-806332-X
- RexxLA.org The Rexx Language Association
- Scott, Michael L., Programming Language Pragmatics, second edition, ISBN 0-12-633951-1, p.694
- Kawa development started June 1996
- Chip Davis, email exchange <4B65D1BF.firstname.lastname@example.org>, <OF2F8950A4.D53C8EE6-ON802576BD.002C13BA-802576BD.002D2B65@uk.ibm.com>
- EWS Site, Collection of IBM Employee written software from the 1990s
- NetRexx Change History, IBM NetRexx Site
- Mike Cowlishaw, public email to NetRexx mailing list<AEB36250BC494005BAC4767B3EE591DC@MFCX200>
- René Jansen,email to NetRexx Mailing List<1496987A-5293-41EA-B88A-56B1B51B7B55@xs4all.nl>