Netanya Market bombing

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Netanya Market bombing
Part of the Second Intifada militancy campaign
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The attack site
Location Netanya's open-air market, Netanya, Israel
Date May 19, 2002
16:20 pm[1]
Attack type
suicide bombing
Deaths 3 (+ 1 bomber)
Non-fatal injuries
56[2]–59[3]
Perpetrators Hamas and the PFLP claimed responsibility

The Netanya Market bombing was a suicide bombings which occurred on May 19, 2002 at the entrance to the main fruit and vegetable open-air market in Netanya. The site of the attack was chosen in order to cause maximum number of casualties. Three people were killed in the attack, and 56–59 were injured.[2]

Background[edit]

Netanya has been a frequent target of Palestinian suicide bombers. A prior attack on March 27, 2002 at the Park hotel in Netanya killed 29 people during the Jewish Passover Seder and triggered Operation Defensive Shield, a large Israeli military offensive in the West Bank.[4]

The attack[edit]

Netanya's open-air market, 2010

On Sunday, May 19, 2002, during the afternoon hours, a Palestinian suicide bomber disguised as an IDF soldier managed to slipped through several police checkpoints[5] with the assistance of a female collaborator.[6] The suicide bomber who wore an explosive belt hidden underneath his clothes, packed with nails and bolts,[4] and detonated the explosive device at the entrance to the main open market of the Israeli coastal city of Netanya.[7] The blast killed three innocent civilians and injured 56 people, among them at least 10 in severe condition.[1][2]

Two Palestinian militant groups, Hamas and the PFLP, claimed responsibility for the attack.[1] The attack is thought to have been carried out by the PFLP's Abu Ali Mustapha Brigades.[8]

The PFLP said the attack purpose was to protest the detention of the group's leader, Ahmad Saadat, by the Palestinian Authority in connection with the PFLP assassination of the Israeli tourism minister Rehavam Ze'evi.[9]

Fatalities[edit]

Subsequent related events[edit]

In response to the attack Israeli army forces conducted several operational activities in the towns of Tulkarm and Ramallah in the West Bank for a relatively short period time during the late Sunday, though there was no major Israeli retaliation for the Netanya Market bombing.[14]

After the attack the Israeli defense establishment stated that that the attack was ordered by the head of the PFLP Ahmed Saadat from his cell in the PA-run Jericho Prison, under U.S. and British supervision.[15][16] They also found that the suicide bomber managed to reach the market in Netanya with the assistance of another person who drove him there.[1]

Later on it was revealed that the driver was Adel Adnan Mahmoud Jumaa, a resident of Taibeh[disambiguation needed], who admitted that he had driven the suicide-bomber and a woman collaborator to Netanya. The woman was Da'a Jiusi, a 21 year old Palestinian female student from the Palestinian city Tulkarem who later on confessed that she was asked to accompany the suicide bomber provide cover as an innocent-looking couple.[3][6][17]

In addition, after the attack Israeli officials revealed that the Israeli security forces received an actual warning about the attack 20 minutes before the suicide bomber detonated his explosive device but added that at that point they were powerless from stopping him.[18]

On June 30, 2003 an Israeli Military Court sentenced Da'a Jiusi to three life sentences plus 30 years in prison. Jiusi was convicted of leading a suicide bomber to explode in a civilian market.[19] Another man, Alam Kabi from Nablus, was sentenced in 2004 to nine life sentences, for dispatching the suicide bomber who perpetrated the Netanya Market bombing, along with several other attacks.[20]

Jiwasi's Release[edit]

On October 18, 2011 Jiwasi Ziyad Dawa'a, who was originally sentenced to 3 life sentences, was released to the West Bank as part of the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange between Israel and Hamas.[21]

Official reactions[edit]

Involved parties

 Israel: Immediately after the attack in Netanya, Israeli officials stated that Israeli government was unlikely to launch a broad military operation in retaliation to the terror attack. Instead, they stated that Israeli military forces would continue to carry out targeted raids against armed Palestinian militants.[22]

 Palestinian National Authority: PNA officials issued a statement declaring "full condemnation for the terror attack that targeted Israeli civilians."[7][16][23]

International

 United States:

  • U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney called on Yasser Arafat to crack down on Palestinian militant armed groups but added that "there clearly is a class of bombings that he can't rein in". Cheney also stated that the United States plans to send CIA Director George Tenet to the region to assist the security forces of Arafat in targeting the militant organizations.[16][24]
  • National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice stated that the attack underlined the need of the Palestinians leadership in creating "a unified security apparatus that can be accountable and can deal with issues of terrorism."[16]

 United Kingdom: British Foreign Office spokesman has stated that the UK has asked Israel to provide evidence that Ahmed Saadat, the head of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), gave a green light for the attack in the Netanya Market bombing while held by British and American warders in the West Bank city of Jericho.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ben Tzur, Ra'anana; Somfavli, Attila (May 19, 2002). "Three Killed in Netanya Terror Attack". Ynet. Retrieved August 21, 2011.  (Hebrew)
  2. ^ a b c CNN.com – Suicide bomber kills 3 Israelis, injures 56 – May 19, 2002
  3. ^ a b Greenberg, Hanan (June 20, 2005). "Suicide Bomber Caught at Erez Crossing on Her Way to Soroka". Ynet. Retrieved August 23, 2011.  (Hebrew)
  4. ^ a b Nail bomber kills three in Israeli market. By Inigo Gilmore . The Telegraph (UK). May 20, 2002
  5. ^ "Pioneer Press: Search Results". May 20, 2002. 
  6. ^ a b The Role of Palestinian Women in Suicide Terrorism
  7. ^ a b BBC|Middle East|Palestinians condemn bombing
  8. ^ Anderson, Sean; Sloan, Stephen (2009). Historical Dictionary of Terrorism. Scarecrow Press. p. 539. Retrieved August 21, 2011. 
  9. ^ Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 32, no. 1 (Autumn 2002), p. 171.
  10. ^ Arkady Vieselman
  11. ^ a b c אתר לזכר האזרחים חללי פעולות האיבה
  12. ^ Victor Tatrinov
  13. ^ Yosef Haviv
  14. ^ Suicide bomber kills himself day after attack killed four – Taipei Times
  15. ^ "Israel blames suicide bombing on prisoner". USA Today. May 21, 2002. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "Jailed Palestinian 'planned attack'". BBC News. May 20, 2002. 
  17. ^ ISA and Israel Police discover PFLP cell that perpetrated May 19 Netanya suicide bombing. Israel MFA Press Release. June 19, 2002
  18. ^ "Palestinians condemn bombing". BBC News. May 20, 2002. 
  19. ^ עובד בולגרי נרצח ביריות בגדה; פתח קיבל אחריות – וואלה! חדשות
  20. ^ Arnon Regular, Jonathan Lis. Court hands down life sentences to two terrorists. Haaretz, 2004.
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ Cody, Edward (May 20, 2002). "Israeli Market Bombed; At Least 3 Killed In Suicide Attack". 
  23. ^ Dozens hurt in marketplace blast on Israeli coast–New York Daily News
  24. ^ Suicide bomber kills 3 in Israel – Baltimore Sun

External links[edit]