Nether Whitacre

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Coordinates: 52°31′48″N 1°39′36″W / 52.53°N 1.660°W / 52.53; -1.660

Nether Whitacre
View towards Whitacre Hall - geograph.org.uk - 210843.jpg
Downhill view to Whitacre Hall, Nether Whitacre
The Gate Pub - geograph.org.uk - 292679.jpg
The Gate 'Pub'
Nether Whitacre is located in Warwickshire
Nether Whitacre
Nether Whitacre
 Nether Whitacre shown within Warwickshire
Population 947 including Whitacre Heath (2011)
OS grid reference SP2392
Civil parish Nether Whitacre
District North Warwickshire
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BIRMINGHAM
Postcode district B46
Dialling code 01675
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament North Warwickshire
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire

Nether Whitacre /ˈwɪtəkər/ is a small village and larger rural civil parish in North Warwickshire, Warwickshire, England.

Topography[edit]

It is one of 'The Whitacres': Nether Whitacre, Over Whitacre and Whitacre Heath which are in the upper valley of the River Tame on its eastern side.[1] Its shape is roughly square with a north western outcrop (salient) largely covered by railway lines and lakes.

Localities[edit]

Whitacre Heath[edit]

Main article: Whitacre Heath

Whitacre Heath is built on the heath which was a mixture of common land and waste traditionally, partially useful for agriculture with the most fertile and well-drained land being in the village itself.

Elevations range from 122m AOD in the east to 65m in the north-west corner of the parish. Land slopes from west to east with the eastern border being the slightly altered, early meander of the River Tame.

Botts Green[edit]

This is a hall and a few cottages. Half of the hamlet is in Nether Whitacre and half is in Over Whitacre.

The hall itself in this parish is Grade II* listed for its architecture, which has its date of main construction inscribed and recorded which is 1593 (in the reign of Elizabeth I).[2] Typical of manor houses and farmhouses of that era the main entrance gives access to a stone vaulted cross passage between the backs of 2 fireplaces. The kitchen fireplace to the south is plain but the massive fireplace in the main room has a Tudor arch and a frieze with shallow pilasters carved with fleur-de-lys above fluting.[2]

Hoggrills End including Station Road[edit]

This southwestern part of the village is first a cluster of farms and cottages, four of which are c.1800 and listed (for two of which below, being made out of stone rather than brick). Beyond this is then a railway junction before becoming a developed residential, small linear development by the River Tame along station road. This stretch overlooks the Ladywalk Nature reserve on the opposite bank, beyond which is the Hams Hall National Distribution Park, used for storage of goods. It is bounded, to the south, by the Shustoke Reservoir

To the southwest of this area is a fresh water treatment works serving part of the region, Blythe End mill and to the west the Coleshill Industrial Park.

History[edit]

Church of St Giles

Early history[edit]

Objects belonging to much earlier Neolithic and Bronze Age times have been found in the soil.[citation needed]

The village appears in Domesday where it is noted as already being held by Wulfric in the Saxon period.[3] By 1086, its eight households rendered only £0.5 a year and its lord of the manor was Edwin who held under Thorkil of Warwick, its overlord, a relatively unusual name being strongly norse rather than a hybrid or norman. It had an additional listing of one household, held under Robert of Vessey that rendered 2s (£0.1) a year. However, Whitacre was in the early medieval period recorded as 'Witecore', which still means 'white acre' thus 'white field'.

Whitacre Hall, the manor house, perches next to the village on the northwestern slopes and is a double moated hall.[4] The present structure dates from the Tudor period. At the height of the Industrial Revolution this was the home of the Jennens family, who were some of the early Ironmasters. John Jennens supplied Birmingham blacksmiths with iron bars and then sold their products.[5]

Church[edit]

The Parish Church is St Giles's Church. It contains some 14th century glass and a 16th century West Tower but most of the church is of 1870s restoration. The Parish Register dates from 1439, making it one of the earliest in the area.

Rectory

This was held with its advowson (right to name a priest) at least until 1545. In 1580, however, Sir John Throckmorton died holding it of the Queen as of the manor of East Greenwich. It passed to the Crown on the attainder of his Catholic son, Sir Francis Throckmorton, in 1584, thereafter for a few years held by John Cowper and William Kente. On 15 November 1589 the Queen granted the rectory to Sir Edward Stanley, but in 1594 it was conveyed by Ambrose and John Cowper to Edward Brabazon. By 1631 it had reunited with the advowson in the Earl of Meath's possession who in 1631 sold it and the manor to Sir John and Sir Robert King.[5]

Post medieval era[edit]

Its extent has within it about half a dozen stone built buildings of the 17th and 18th Centuries, such as Church House,[6] the Old House and the Malthouse in Hoggrill End.[7][8]

Nether Whitacre has a cricket club which was established officially in 1887. Four public houses in this area host an array of evening entertainments:

  • The Swan
  • The Railway
  • The Gate
  • The Dog

All of these were established in the late 1800s.

The hamlet of Furnace End, Over Whitacre probably derives its name from iron smelting furnaces owned by the Jennens.

Charles Jennens was a friend of Handel, the composer. An Earl of Aylesford, the noble Finch family of Packington Hall in the county, was a cousin to the Jennens and obtained an organ for Handel, which was installed at Great Packington church.

Very rural, the population of the 1,995 acres (807 ha) was:

  • 1911, 606;
  • 1921, 726;
  • 931, 748[5]

Economy[edit]

Whitacre Garden Centre

The village is bereft of concentrated industry, the exceptions being a large garden centre, agriculture, a much-downsized gravel pit works in the north of Whitacre Heath which has associated nature-rich wetland, and a railway station.

The garden centre has now closed the buildings being cleared and outline planning permission has been sought for the development of residential dwellings.

Transport[edit]

Commuters may either use the motorway links from this area east of Birmingham area in all directions, or the Coleshill Parkway railway station in the large village of that name, 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Hoggrills End.[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Nether Whitacre at Wikimedia Commons