Netherlands Antilles at the Olympics
|Netherlands Antilles at the Olympic Games|
|Other related appearances|
| Independent Olympic Athletes (2012)
The Netherlands Antilles first participated at the Olympic Games in 1952, and has sent athletes to compete in most Summer Olympic Games since then. The nation supported the Netherlands' boycott of the 1956 Games and also joined the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics. The Netherlands Antilles has twice participated in the Winter Olympic Games.
The National Olympic Committee for the Netherlands Antilles was created in 1931 and recognized by the International Olympic Committee from 1950 until 2011 upon the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles. At the 2012 Olympics, participants from the five islands competed as independent athletes under the Olympic flag.
Aruba left the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 to become a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Since then, their athletes have competed separately under their own Olympic banner. After the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba became part of the Netherlands as "special municipalities" while Curaçao and Sint Maarten became separate constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 2016, athletes from these five islands will have the choice to compete either with the Netherlands Olympic team or Aruba's.
All the above are collectively called "Dutch Caribbean".
Six-star flag of the Netherlands Antilles (until 1985). The six stars represents the six islands of the Netherlands Antilles.
Five-star flag of the Netherlands Antilles (since 1986 until resolution). Because Aruba separated from the Netherlands Antilles, only five stars are left on the flag.
List of medalists
As of 2008, Jan Boersma is the only Netherlands Antillean athlete to win an Olympic medal, a silver medal in sailing. Although they could have added another silver to the collection, after the 200m final in Beijing, as Churandy Martina finished second, behind Usain Bolt and his record breaking performance. Martina was only denied a medal after an American-led protest that he ran out of his lane during the race, thus denying him a medal. Although an appeal was made against Martina's disqualification, on March 6, 2009 it was rejected by the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
|Silver||Boersma, JanJan Boersma||1988 Seoul||Sailing||Men's sailboard|
Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles
The Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee has continued to exist as the umbrella body for sports on the five islands after the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, but lost its recognition as a National Olympic Committee in 2011.
At the 2012 Olympics, participants from the five islands competed as independent athletes under the Olympic flag. Three athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles participated as part of the team of Independent Athletes: Liemarvin Bonevacia in the men's athletics (400m), Philipine Van Aanholt in the women's sailing (laser radial class) and Reginald De Windt in the men's judo (81kg). All three are from Curaçao.
- Aruba at the Olympics
- Category:Olympic competitors for the Netherlands Antilles
- Tropical nations at the Winter Olympics
- "Curtain comes down on 123rd IOC Session". Olympic.org.
- Martina's bid to reclaim silver rejected, ESPN.com, March 6, 2009.
- "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- "Nederlands Antilliaans Olympisch Comité". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-01-16.