Nettlebed

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For the New Zealand cave network, see Nettlebed Cave.

Coordinates: 51°34′41″N 0°59′24″W / 51.578°N 0.990°W / 51.578; -0.990

Nettlebed
Nettle bed kiln (small).JPG
Historic pottery kiln
Nettlebed is located in Oxfordshire
Nettlebed
Nettlebed
 Nettlebed shown within Oxfordshire
Population 727 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SU7086
Civil parish Nettlebed
District South Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Henley-on-Thames
Postcode district RG9
Dialling code 01491
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Henley
Website Nettlebed Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Nettlebed is a village and civil parish in the Chiltern Hills about 4.5 miles (7 km) northwest of Henley-on-Thames in Oxfordshire and 6 miles (10 km) southeast of Wallingford. The 2011 Census recorded a parish population of 727.[1]

History[edit]

Nettlebed pudding stone
St Bartholomew's parish church

Archaeological finds show that the area around Nettlebed has been inhabited since Palaeolithic times.[2]

The site was frequently travelled through since ancient times, being a pass through the Chiltern Hills used by the road between Oxford and Henley. The road between Henley and Wallingford was made into a turnpike in 1736 and ceased to be a turnpike in 1873.[3] It is now classified the A4130.

The Church of England parish of Saint Bartholomew was originally a chapelry of the adjacent parish of Benson. There is a record of the Empress Matilda giving the benefice of Benson, including chapels at Nettlebed and Warborough, to the Augustinian Abbey at nearby Dorchester, Oxfordshire in about AD 1140.[4] The Mediaeval church building was replaced in 1845–46 by the present building, designed by a member of the Hakewill family of architects.[5] The bell tower has a ring of six bells, all cast by Charles and George Mears of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry in 1846.[6]

From the 14th century Nettlebed became important for brick making, which continued until the 1930s.[citation needed] One remaining pottery kiln is preserved in the village.

The sand used in the manufacture of the first flint glass was sourced from Nettlebed by George Ravenscroft in 1674.[citation needed]

Windmill[edit]

Nettlebed had what seems to have been the only smock mill in Oxfordshire.[7] It used to be at Chinnor but was moved to a windier site at Nettlebed in about 1825. It was a slender octagonal building with four common sails and a fantail. It burned down in 1912.[8]

Nettlebed Folk Song Club[edit]

The village is home to a long-established and highly regarded folk club which holds its concerts on Monday evenings from 8pm at The Village Club in Nettlebed High Street. Nettlebed Folk Song Club was started in July 1975 at the Bull Inn. The club quickly became established as one of the folk music scene's major venues. When the Bull Inn was closed by its owners, Brakspear Brewery in 1991, the club moved to its present venue, which holds 200 people. The Folk Song Club is a volunteer run, non-profit organisation which has featured many notable singers and musicians including Eric Bogle, Martin Carthy, Fairport Convention, Vin Garbutt, Bill Jones, John Kirkpatrick, Lindisfarne, Ralph McTell, Show of Hands, Steeleye Span and Richard Thompson. The Club is also famous for its unique special performances such as 'Feast of Fiddles' and 'Rocks Specials' where a mix of leading national performers and local artists provide themed evenings.[9] Nettlebed Folk Song Club is recognised[by whom?] as one of the top folk venues in the U.K. and in 2002 won the prestigious BBC Radio 2 Folk Club of the Year Award.[10]

Notable residents[edit]

In 2012, St Bartholomew's church was the venue for the wedding of Thierry Kelaart to Patrick Heathcote-Amory, son of Sir Ian Heathcote-Amory: Michael Middleton acted as father of the bride and guests included the Duchess of Cambridge. [11]

See also[edit]

Crocker End House

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Nettlebed at Wikimedia Commons