Neturia (community development block)

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Neturia
Community development block
Neturia is located in West Bengal
Neturia
Neturia
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°39′47″N 86°49′37″E / 23.66306°N 86.82694°E / 23.66306; 86.82694
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Parliamentary constituency Bankura
Assembly constituency Raghunathpur
Area
 • Total 76.98 sq mi (199.37 km2)
Population (2001)
 • Total 90,632
 • Density 1,180/sq mi (455/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
Literacy Rate 57.72 per cent
Website http://purulia.gov.in/

Neturia (community development block) (Bengali: নেতুরিয়া সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক) is an administrative division in Raghunathpur subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Neturia police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Ramkanali. Hijuli and Par Beliya are urban areas in this block.[1][2]

History[edit]

Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[3]

Geography[edit]

Neturia is located at 23°39′47″N 86°49′37″E / 23.663°N 86.827°E / 23.663; 86.827.

Neturia community development block has an area of 199.37  km2.[2]

The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills.[4]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Neturia block/panchayat samiti are: Bhamuria, Digha, Guniara, Janardandi, Raibandh, Saltore and Sarbari.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Neturia block had a total population of 90,632, out of which 46,900 were males and 43,732 were females. Neturia block registered a population growth of 10.24 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[6]

Scheduled castes at 26,821 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 20,411, forming around one-fourth the population.[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Neturia block had a total literacy of 57.72 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 72.96 per cent female literacy was 41.27 per cent. Purulia district had a total literacy of 55.57 per cent, male literacy being 73.72 per cent and female literacy being 36.50 per cent.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Purulia district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  3. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  4. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  5. ^ "Annexure A to G.O No.121(Sanction)-RD/CCA/BRGF/1C-5/08". Allotment under BRGF Fund 1st Instalment 2010-11 – Purulia District. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  7. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08.