|• Lord Mayor||Gerold Noerenberg (CSU)|
|• Total||80.50 km2 (31.08 sq mi)|
|Elevation||470-527 m (−1,259 ft)|
|• Density||680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||0731, 07307, 07308|
Neu-Ulm is a town in Bavaria, capital of the Neu-Ulm district. Neighbouring towns include Ulm, Senden, Pfaffenhofen an der Roth, Holzheim, Nersingen and Elchingen. The population is 51,110 (30 June 2005).
The modern history of Neu-Ulm began with the change of the sovereignty over the city of Ulm in 1810 from the Kingdom of Bavaria to the Kingdom of Württemberg. The Danube became the boundary between Bavaria and Württemberg. Land on the right-hand side of the Danube thus fell under Bavarian sovereignty. This was the beginning of Neu-Ulm's status as an independent town.
At this time Neu-Ulm was very small with little more than a few houses, taverns, pieces of land, and the village of Offenhausen. It was still known as "Ulm am rechten Donauufer (Ulm on the right-hand side of the Danube). The name "Neu-Ulm" was first mentioned in records in 1814.
The town's real growth began a few decades later in 1841, when the Frankfurter Bundesversammlung announced the building of the Federal Fort of Ulm, the Bundesfestung. Upon the wishes of King Ludwig I, Neu-Ulm was included within the fort and the building work in Neu-Ulm was overseen by Major Theodor von Hildebrandt.[better source needed] After Neu-Ulm was connected to the railway line to Augsburg in 1853, soldiers arrived and a garrison was created there.
The city began to blossom under Mayor Josef Kollmann at the end of the 19th century. A tram line connecting Ulm and Neu-Ulm was built in 1897 and in 1900 the water tower (still a landmark today) was built, guaranteeing Neu-Ulm's water supply. In 1906, Neu-Ulm expanded beyond the city walls for the first time. The first factories were built, and it continued to expand.
After World War I, the garrison was closed. The population and wealth of the town grew, and it became a rich town. However, World War II left its mark; nearly eighty percent of the town was destroyed by Allied bombing, and all bridges across the Danube to Ulm were destroyed.
Rebuilding began, and from the end of World War II up to the 1990s, the US Army were stationed in Neu-Ulm. From 1964 to 1991, thirty-six Pershing missiles were located in Neu-Ulm under the 56th Field Artillery Command.
The departure of the US Army had a large impact on the town's economy, and also left a large number of vacant army buildings.
Coat of arms
In 1857, the town was given a coat of arms, although it was not legally a city at the time. It was first granted city status by King Ludwig II in 1869. The coat of arms consists of three horizontal bands of black, white and blue, with a tower in front. The tower symbolises the fort built around Neu-Ulm, the colours black and silver indicate the relationship with Ulm, and the colours white and blue show the association with Bavaria.
Neu-Ulm is arranged into 14 districts, 9 of them added between 1972 and 1977. The districts are: Burlafingen, Finningen, Gerlenhofen, Hausen, Holzschwang (including Tiefenbach), Jedelhausen, Ludwigsfeld, Neu-Ulm, Offenhausen, Pfuhl, Reutti, Schwaighofen, Steinheim and Wiley.
Neu-Ulm is currently controlled by the Christian Social Union (CSU). On 11 January 2004, the acting deputy mayor Gerold Noerenberg was elected mayor. He succeeded Dr Beate Merk, who had been appointed as Bavarian law minister by Edmund Stoiber on 14 October 2003.
The town council is arranged into four parliamentary groups with six different parties and citizens' initiatives (the number of seats are shown in brackets):
- Christian Social Union (CSU) (22)
- Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) (14)
- Green Party (3)
- Free Democratic Party (FDP) (2)
- Free Voters' Union (FWG) (2)
- Pro Neu-Ulm (1)
Education and science
In 1994, the Neu-Ulm "Fachhochschule" (University of Applied Sciences) was founded. The School of Economics was first opened as a branch office of the Fachhochschule Kempten im Allgäu, but has been independent since 1998. The "Fachhochschule Neu-Ulm" is located in the former US-base "Wiley Barracks", expanded into two floors of the newly built "Edison Center" and will be transferred into a new, bigger building which is currently build on the former US-base area, in summer 2008.
Born in Neu-Ulm
- Edwin Jackson, (born 9 September 1983), Major League Baseball pitcher
- Hermann Köhl, (15 April 1888-7 October 1938), German flight pioneer.
- Edwin Scharff, (1887–1955), sculptor, Professor in Berlin, Düsseldorf and Hamburg.
- Harald Schmidt, (born 18 August 1957), actor, comedian and TV presenter.
- Magdalena Kopp, (born 1948), former terrorist
- Anna Prohaska, (born 1983), Coloratura Soprano
- Theo Waigel, former finance minister of Germany
Neu-Ulm is twinned with:
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