Neu Beginnen (English: New Beginning) was a fringe opposition group on the socialist wing of SPD, which was greatly influenced by the ideas of Lenin. It was formed in 1929. After the Machtübernahme in 1933, the members of the small group discussed what the future of Germany should be after the National Socialist movement was overthrown. Neu Beginnen favoured a left-wing coalition government consisting of the Social Democrats, Socialists and Communists. The leaders of the group saw disunity among the left as one of the key reasons why NSDAP came to power. The group produced pamphlets, illegal under the Third Reich, which advocated these ideas, but it failed to win Communist and Social Democratic Parties over to its idea of a broad left-radical coalition. As a consequence, its loosely organised followers drifted away in 1935 and 1936.
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