||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (December 2009)|
|7th District of Vienna|
Location of the district within Vienna
|• District Director||Thomas Blimlinger (Green)|
|• First Deputy||Madeleine Reiser (Green)|
|• Second Deputy||Rainer Husty (SPÖ)|
| • Representation
|Greens 19, SPÖ 11,
ÖVP 6, FPÖ 4
|• Total||1.61 km2 (0.62 sq mi)|
|• Density||19,000/km2 (49,000/sq mi)|
Neubau is the seventh district of Vienna (German: 7. Bezirk). It is located near the center of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but borders changed later. Neubau is a heavily populated urban area, with a major shopping area and residential buildings. It has a population of 30,309 people (as of 2013-01-01) within an area of 1.61 km² (0.62 sq.mi.).
It consists of the former Vorstädte of Neubau, Altlerchenfeld, St. Ulrich, Schottenfeld and Spittelberg. The district borders are formed by Lerchenfelder Straße in the north, Mariahilfer Straße in the south, Neubaugürtel in the west, and Museumstraße and Museumsplatz in the east.
In the 18th century, Neubau was the location of the city's silk factories. At this time, the area became densely populated. Today, it is an important shopping district, especially in the Mariahilfer Straße and Neubaugasse. Many pubs, popular among the district's large student population, are located in the Spittelberg neighborhood. The Volkstheater Wien, one of Vienna's large mainstream theatres, and the Austrian Ministry of Justice are located in Neubau, as well as the Museumsquartier, a centre dedicated to modern art, housing for example the Leopold Collection.
Like Mariahilf, Neubau is known as one of Vienna's districts with the youngest, most liberal, and urban population.
|District Directors since 1945|
|Josef Matz (KPÖ)||4/1945 -7/1945|
|Wilhelm Dürnbacher (ÖVP)||1945–1950|
|Ferdinand König (ÖVP)||1950–1954|
|Franz Glamm (ÖVP)||1954–1959|
|Peter Platzer (ÖVP)||1959–1964|
|Franz Pospisil (ÖVP)||1964–1965|
|Otto Limanovsky (ÖVP)||1965–1978|
|Josef Karrer (ÖVP)||1978–1991|
|Herbert Tamchina (SPÖ)||1991–1998|
|Gabriele Zimmermann (SPÖ)||1998–2001|
|Thomas Blimlinger (Greens)||2001-|
While the ÖVP, after the Second World War until 1991, had the largest party vote, it was that year replaced by the SPÖ. The SPÖ lost its majority again 2001, but the district head of however was not from the ÖVP anymore but from the Greens.
At the elections 2010 the Greens could increase their votes compared to the Vienna wide achievement. In opposition to most districts the Liberal Forum stagnated with 1.1% in Neubau, whereas the BZÖ increased from 0.8% to 1.1% in comparison with 2005.
This district was the first in 2001 and until the 2004 (European Elections 2004) the only district in Austria where the Greens had a relative majority.
|This section requires expansion. (December 2009)|
- Johann Christoph Voigtländer (1732–1797) (de)
- Josef Lanner (1801–1843)
- Carl Michael Ziehrer (1843–1922) (de)
- Gustav Klimt (1862–1918)
- Karl Farkas (1893–1971)
- Fritz Hochwälder (1911–1986)
- Fritz Muliar (1919–2009)
- Theodor Graf Latour (de)
- Johann Strauß II (1825–1899), born here
- "Statistik Austria – Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn seit 2002 nach Politischen Bezirken", Statistik Austria.
- Wien.gv.at webpage (see below: References).
- Stadt Wien
- [Parts of this article were translated from German Wikipedia.]
- "Wien - 7. Bezirk/Neubau", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages): Wien.gv.at-neubau (in German).
- Elfriede Faber: Neubau: Geschichte des 7. Wiener Gemeindebezirks und seiner alten Orte. Ed. Wien, Vienna 1995, ISBN 3-85058-065-2.
- Manfred Lang: Ein neuer Neubau: Geschichte der Sozialdemokratie am Neubau. Verl. d. SPÖ Wien, Vienna 1989.
- Carola Leitner (Hg.): Neubau: Wiens 7. Bezirk in alten Fotografien ("Neubau: Vienna's 7th District in Old Photographs"). Ueberreuter, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-8000-7306-1.
- Wolfgang Mayer: Wiener Bezirkskulturführer: VII. Neubau. Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1983, ISBN 3-224-16242-2.
- Hans Rotter: Neubau: ein Heimatbuch des 7. Wiener Gemeindebezirkes. Deutscher Verlag für Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1925.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Vienna/Neubau.|
- Mariahilferstrasse: Vienna's largest shopping street.
- Museumsquartier: Centre for culture and modern art.
- Volkstheater Wien: Peoples Theatre, founded in 1887-89 by architects F. Fellner and H. Helmer.
- results of the last elections (official web site of Vienna)