Neubau

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Neubau
7th District of Vienna
Coat of arms of Neubau
Coat of arms
Location of the district within Vienna
Location of the district within Vienna
Country Austria
City Vienna
Government
 • District Director Thomas Blimlinger (Green)
 • First Deputy Madeleine Reiser (Green)
 • Second Deputy Rainer Husty (SPÖ)
 • Representation
   (40 Members)
Greens 19, SPÖ 11,
ÖVP 6, FPÖ 4
(2010 elections)
Area
 • Total 1.61 km2 (0.62 sq mi)
Population (2013-01-01)[1]
 • Total 30,309
 • Density 19,000/km2 (49,000/sq mi)
Postal code 1070
Address of
District Office
Hermanngasse 24-26
1070 Wien
Website www.wien.gv.at
  /bezirke/neubau/

Neubau is the seventh district of Vienna (German: 7. Bezirk). It is located near the center of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but borders changed later.[2] Neubau is a heavily populated urban area, with a major shopping area and residential buildings.[2] It has a population of 30,309 people (as of 2013-01-01) within an area of 1.61 km² (0.62 sq.mi.).

It consists of the former Vorstädte of Neubau, Altlerchenfeld, St. Ulrich, Schottenfeld and Spittelberg. The district borders are formed by Lerchenfelder Straße in the north, Mariahilfer Straße in the south, Neubaugürtel in the west, and Museumstraße and Museumsplatz in the east.

History[edit]

In the 18th century, Neubau was the location of the city's silk factories. At this time, the area became densely populated. Today, it is an important shopping district, especially in the Mariahilfer Straße and Neubaugasse. Many pubs, popular among the district's large student population, are located in the Spittelberg neighborhood. The Volkstheater Wien, one of Vienna's large mainstream theatres, and the Austrian Ministry of Justice are located in Neubau, as well as the Museumsquartier, a centre dedicated to modern art, housing for example the Leopold Collection.

In the 2001 communal elections, Neubau became the first district in Austria with a Green Party plurality (32.6% of the votes).

In the 2004 European Elections the Green Party received 41% of all votes, which is more than Social Democratic Party and Austrian People's Party together.

Like Mariahilf, Neubau is known as one of Vienna's districts with the youngest, most liberal, and urban population.

Museumsquartier
Spittelberg

Politics[edit]

District Directors since 1945
Josef Matz (KPÖ) 4/1945 -7/1945
Wilhelm Dürnbacher (ÖVP) 1945–1950
Ferdinand König (ÖVP) 1950–1954
Franz Glamm (ÖVP) 1954–1959
Peter Platzer (ÖVP) 1959–1964
Franz Pospisil (ÖVP) 1964–1965
Otto Limanovsky (ÖVP) 1965–1978
Josef Karrer (ÖVP) 1978–1991
Herbert Tamchina (SPÖ) 1991–1998
Gabriele Zimmermann (SPÖ) 1998–2001
Thomas Blimlinger (Greens) 2001-

While the ÖVP, after the Second World War until 1991, had the largest party vote, it was that year replaced by the SPÖ. The SPÖ lost its majority again 2001, but the district head of however was not from the ÖVP anymore but from the Greens.

At the elections 2010 the Greens could increase their votes compared to the Vienna wide achievement. In opposition to most districts the Liberal Forum stagnated with 1.1% in Neubau, whereas the BZÖ increased from 0.8% to 1.1% in comparison with 2005.

District Political Parties 1991-2010 [3]
Jahr SPÖ ÖVP FPÖ Grüne LIF BZÖ Sonstige
1991 32.2 28.5 17.1 20.1 -- -- 2.1
1996 27.2 21.4 19.7 18.8 10.2 -- 2.8
2001 29.4 17.9 14.4 32.6 4.7 -- 1.0
2005 27.5 18.1 7.3 43.3 1.2 0.8 1.9
2010 25.4 13.9 10.7 45.4 1.1 1.1 2.5

This district was the first in 2001 and until the 2004 (European Elections 2004) the only district in Austria where the Greens had a relative majority.

People[edit]

Sankt Ulrich[edit]

Historic sites[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistik Austria – Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn seit 2002 nach Politischen Bezirken", Statistik Austria.
  2. ^ a b Wien.gv.at webpage (see below: References).
  3. ^ Stadt Wien

References[edit]

[Parts of this article were translated from German Wikipedia.]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°12′09″N 16°20′53″E / 48.20250°N 16.34806°E / 48.20250; 16.34806