Neue Deutsche Biographie
Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (literally New German Biography) is a biographical reference work similar to Dictionary of National Biography, Dictionary of American Biography, American National Biography, Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Dictionary of Australian Biography, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, Dictionary of Irish Biography, Svenskt biografiskt lexikon and Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950 (ÖBL) (Austrian Biographical Dictionary 1815-1950). NDB is published in German by the Historical Commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities and printed by Duncker & Humblot in Berlin. It is the successor to the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB, Universal German Biography). Its first volume, alphabetically covering names from "Aachen" to "Behaim", was published in 1953. The currently most recent volume is the 25th, covering names from "Stadion" to "Tecklenborg", and was published in February 2013. So far, more than 21,800 biographies of individuals and families, who lived in the German language Sprachraum, have been published. 2,400 further articles are expected to be added in three further volumes, with completion in 2019. An index cataloguing all articles and the full text of articles in the first 24 volumes, covering names from "Aachen" to "Stader", are freely available on-line. This index is also part of the Biographie Portal (Biographical Portal). This cooperative project of the Bavarian State Library (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek), the Historical Commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities (Historische Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften), the Austrian Academy of Sciences and Humanities (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften) and the Foundation Historical Dictionary of Switzerland also makes available data of Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB), Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950 (ÖBL) (Austrian Biographical Dictionary 1815-1950), Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz / Dictionnaire Historique de la Suisse / Dizionario Storico della Svizzera (HLS / DHS / DSS), Rheinland-Pfälzische Personendatenbank (RPPB) and Sächsische Biografie (Saxon Biography).
An NDB article usually contains genealogical information such as date and place of birth, date and place of death, tomb, parents, grandparents, marriages, divorces, number of children, alternate and birth names, academic degrees, a curriculum vitae in whole sentences, a valuation of the subject's political, economic, social, scientific, technical or artistic achievements, a bibliography and references to portraits. Only deceased persons with a close relation to the German language area are recorded. Each individual article is signed by its author.
- Neue deutsche Biographie / herausgegeben von der Historischen Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, since 1953. ISBN 3-428-00181-8.