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The term Junge Wilde (German for "wild youth") was originally applied to trends within the art world, and was only later used with reference to politics. At present, the term is used by German-language journalists to describe any group within a tradition that seeks to undermine established authority.
In 1978, the Junge Wilde painting style arose the German-speaking world in opposition to established Avant garde, Minimal Art and Conceptual Art. It was linked to the similar Transavantguardia movement in Italy, USA (New-Image-Painting) and France (Figuration Libre). The Junge Wilde painted their expressive paintings in bright, intense colors and with quick, broad brushstrokes. They were sometimes called the Neue Wilde (de:Neue Wilde).
- Austria: Siegfried Anzinger, Erwin Bohatsch, Herbert Brandl, Gunter Damisch, Hubert Scheibl, Hubert Schmalix
- Berlin: Luciano Castelli, Rainer Fetting, Andreas Walther, Helmut Middendorf, Salomé, Bernd Zimmer, Elvira Bach, Peter Robert Keil
- Cologne: Hans Peter Adamski, Peter Bömmels, Walter Dahn, Jiri Georg Dokoupil, Leiko Ikemura, Gerard Kever, Gerhard Naschberger, Volker Tannert, Elias Maria Reti, Stefan Szczesny
- Dresden: A. R. Penck
- Düsseldorf: Moritz Reichelt, Jörg Immendorff, Albert Oehlen, Markus Oehlen, Martin Kippenberger, Markus Lüpertz, Werner Buettner, Horst Gläsker
- Karlsruhe: Bernd Erich Gall
- Switzerland: Martin Disler
The term Junge Wilde began to be used by the media in the 1990s with reference to a certain group of politicians who bucked party leadership to make their names. It was first used with reference to the German CDU party (particularly against Helmut Kohl).
- Fraser & Hoffmann; Catherine C. Fraser, Dierk O. Hoffmann (2006). Pop culture Germany!: media, arts, and lifestyle. ABC-CLIO. p. 314. ISBN 1-85109-738-4.
- Karacs, Imre (26 January 1998). "Kohl Backs Critic in Key State Vote". International Herald Tribune – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Karacs, Imre (1 October 1998). "Defeat leaves Kohl's party in disarray". The Independent – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- ""Junge Wilde" geben Gas". Deutscher BundeswehrVerband. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- Schicketanz, Sabine. "Junge Wilde". Potsdamer Neuste Nachrichten. Retrieved 30 October 2012.