Neuhausen (Enz)

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Neuhausen
Coat of arms of Neuhausen
Coat of arms
Neuhausen  is located in Germany
Neuhausen
Neuhausen
Coordinates: 48°47′36″N 8°46′43″E / 48.79333°N 8.77861°E / 48.79333; 8.77861Coordinates: 48°47′36″N 8°46′43″E / 48.79333°N 8.77861°E / 48.79333; 8.77861
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Enzkreis
Government
 • Mayor Oliver Korz
Area
 • Total 29.76 km2 (11.49 sq mi)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 5,203
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 75242
Dialling codes 07234
Vehicle registration PF
Website www.neuhausen-enzkreis.de

Neuhausen is a town in the district of Enz in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.

Geography[edit]

Neuhausen is on the plateau between Nagold and Würm, also named Biet (from German Gebiet (area) between 430 and 570 metres sea level.

Geology[edit]

The municipality is mainly built on red sandstone. A part is built on lower and middle muschelkalk.

Municipal area expansion[edit]

Neuhausen and its parts extend on an area of 2976 ha, thereof are 1647, so 55%, forest.

Neighbour municipalities[edit]

Neighbour municipalities are: Bad Liebenzell, Pforzheim, Tiefenbronn, Unterreichenbach and Weil der Stadt.

Local subdivitions[edit]

The municipality of Neuhausen consists of the former municipalities Hamberg, Neuhausen, Schellbronn and Steinegg. These municipalities consisted only of the just called villages. To the former municipality belong the village Neuhausen as well as the villages "Monbachtal, Jugenderholungsheim" (youth convalescent), partially to Bad Liebenzell in the district Calw, "Monbachtal, Kurhotel" also partially to Bad Liebenzell, Bahnstation Neuhausen and St Wendel (former army barracks). In the area of the former municipality Hamberg is the department Jagschloss Taulbronnen, what was mentioned in 1568 first.[2]

Climate[edit]

In most descriptions of villages of the Biet exists the phrase it is a landscape with harsh climate. The height plot is a case too where the location of the village is important. Who lives on an increase will live in a harsher climate as whose village is in a hollow.

History[edit]

The so-called Biet-villages to them belong Neuhausen and its districts too were probably created as forest homestead villages. The first documentary evidence followed later: 1073 Schellbronn, 1150 Neuhausen and 1157 Steinegg. Hamberg was mentioned documentary in 1453 the first time, but it is probably Hamberg to have been created in the 11th century on initiative of a Stein von Rechtenstein. They subjected the Freiherren von Gemmingen (barons of Gemmingen).

War, plague and other disasters[edit]

The municipality was not spared by plague, war and other disasters like the other municipalities in Baden. Towards the end of World War II the villages were attacked by RAF several times. Several people died, both civilians and soldiers.

Religions[edit]

Because the Freiherren von Gemmingen lived Roman Catholic after the Reformation, built the Biet to what belongs Neuhausen a Catholic enclave in Protestant area.

Spatial development of the municipality area[edit]

On 1 March 1973, the municipalities Hamberg, Neuhausen and Steinegg were united as the municipality Neuhausen. On 1 January 1975, the today's community Neuhausen was built new through the union with municipality Schellbronn.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Band V: Regierungsbezirk Karlsruhe Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2. p. 582–584