Neukölln is the eighth borough of Berlin, located in the southeastern part of the city and was part of the former American sector under the Four-Power occupation of the city. It features many Gründerzeit buildings and is characterized by having one of the highest percentage of immigrants in Berlin and displaying a chiefly multinational aura.
Neukölln's independence ended in 1920 when it was incorporated into Berlin. See History of Neukölln (locality/Stadtteil Berlins)
From 1966 to 1975 the Gropiusstadt was built, a "Trabantenstadt" or city-within-a-city housing estate, designed by architect Walter Gropius.
Neukölln is selected as pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission Intercultural cities programme.
As of 2010, the borough had a population of 310,283, of whom 121,000 (~40%) were of non-German ethnicity/origin. The percentage is significantly higher in the same-named locality of Neukölln. The borough is known for its large Turkish, Arab and Kurdish communities, which together make up roughly 18% of the borough's population. Recently, there has been an influx of Romani people and Sub-Saharan Africans.
|Percentage of people with migration background
|Germans without migration background/Ethnic Germans
|Germans with migration background, or Foreigners/Ausländer
|Muslim/Middle Eastern origin (Turkey, Arab League, Iran etc.)
|non-German European origin (Russia, Poland, Greece, Serbia, Spain, France etc.)
|Others (East Asians, US-Americans, etc.)
Neukölln is divided into 5 localities:
Allocation of seats in the borough council (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung)
At the 2011 elections for the parliament of the borough (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung) the following parties were elected:
- Horst Buchholz, actor, born December 4, 1933, died March 3, 2003 in Berlin
- Alexander Hacke, musician, born October 11, 1965 in Neukölln
- Jutta Limbach, legal academic, born March 27, 1934 in Neukölln
- Inge Meysel, actress, born May 5, 1910 in Neukölln, died July 10, 2004 in Bullenhausen, Seevetal
- Mady Rahl, actress, born March 3, 1915 in Neukölln
- Lotte Ulbricht, wife of East German leader Walter Ulbricht, born April 19, 1903 in Neukölln, died March 27, 2002 in Berlin.
- Momus (artist), born February 11, 1960 in Paisley, Scotland, lives in Neukölln.
References in popular culture
- "Neuköln" (deliberately spelt with one 'l') is an instrumental piece by David Bowie, the ninth track on his 1977 album "Heroes".
- The last track of Miss Kittin's first solo album I Com is called "Neukölln 2".
- The German film Knallhart is set in the northern part of Neukölln.
- The German documentary Neukölln Unlimited tells the story of three Lebanese teenagers based in Neukölln, who fight against the deportation out of Germany.
- This is where the capture of alleged killer Luka Magnotta took place on June 4, 2012.