Neukölln

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For the homonymous locality in Neukölln district, see Neukölln (locality).
Neukölln
Borough of Berlin
Coat of arms of Neukölln
Coat of arms
Neukölln  is located in Germany
Neukölln
Neukölln
Coordinates: 52°29′N 13°27′E / 52.483°N 13.450°E / 52.483; 13.450Coordinates: 52°29′N 13°27′E / 52.483°N 13.450°E / 52.483; 13.450
Country Germany
State Berlin
City Berlin
Government
 • Mayor Heinz Buschkowsky (SPD)
Area
 • Total 44.93 km2 (17.35 sq mi)
Population (2012-11-30)
 • Total 322,931
 • Density 7,200/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Vehicle registration B

Neukölln is the eighth borough of Berlin, located in the southeastern part of the city and was part of the former American sector under the Four-Power occupation of the city. It features many Gründerzeit buildings and is characterized by having one of the highest percentage of immigrants in Berlin.

History[edit]

Britzer Garten in Neukölln's South

Neukölln's independence ended in 1920 when it was incorporated into Berlin. See History of Neukölln (locality/Stadtteil Berlins)

From 1966 to 1975 the Gropiusstadt was built, a "Trabantenstadt" or city-within-a-city housing estate, designed by architect Walter Gropius.

Neukölln is selected as pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission Intercultural cities programme.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a population of 310,283, of whom 121,000 (~40%) were of non-German ethnicity/origin. The percentage is significantly higher in the same-named locality of Neukölln.[1] The borough is known for its large Turkish, Arab and Kurdish communities, which together make up roughly 18% of the borough's population. Recently, there has been an influx of Romani people and Sub-Saharan Africans.[2] Another noticeable trend is the rapid gentrification of certain neighborhoods within the borough, where the influx of students, creatives and other young professionals of mostly Western origin has caused some tension.[3]

Percentage of people with migration background[4]
Germans without migration background/Ethnic Germans 60% (189.000)
Germans with migration background, or Foreigners/Ausländer 40% (121.000)
Muslim/Middle Eastern origin (Turkey, Arab League, Iran etc.) 18% (55.000)
non-German European origin (Russia, Poland, Greece, Serbia, Spain, France etc.) 11% (33.000)
African background/Afro-Germans 4% (12.400)
Others (East Asians, US-Americans, etc.) 6,5% (21.000)

Subdivision[edit]

Subdivisions of Neukölln

Neukölln is divided into 5 localities:

Locality
Area
(km²)
Inhabitants
Density
(Inhabitants/km²)
0801 Neukölln
11.71 155,950 13,318
0802 Britz
12.40 39,029 3,148
0803 Buckow
6.35 38,219 6,019
0804 Rudow
11.81 40,733 3,449
0805 Gropiusstadt
2.67 35,751 13,390

Politics[edit]

County-Court Building of Neukölln, near the Rathaus Neukölln U-Bahn station
Allocation of seats in the borough council (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung)

At the 2011 elections for the parliament of the borough (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung) the following parties were elected:

Personalities[edit]

References in popular culture[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

Europe's largest Hotel: The Estrel, 2012

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]