Neurocysticercosis is a specific form of the infectious parasitic disease cysticercosis which is caused by infection with Taenia solium, a tapeworm found in pigs. Neuro-cysticercosis occurs when cysts formed by the infection grow within the brain causing neurologic syndromes such as epileptic seizures. It has been called a "hidden epidemic"  and "arguably the most common parasitic disease of the human nervous system"
Cysticercosis in the United States, which commonly presents in the form of neurocysticercosis, has been classified as a "neglected tropical disease"  which commonly affects the poor and homeless.
- Zimmer, Carl (2012-05-15). "Hidden Epidemic: Tapeworms Living Inside People's Brains". Discover Magazine.
- "White, A. Clinton. "Neurocysticercosis: a major cause of neurological disease worldwide." Clinical Infectious Diseases (1997): 101-113.".
- Hotez, Peter J. "Neglected Parasitic Infections and Poverty in the United States". PLoS Negl Trop Dis.