Neurotypical

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Neurotypical (NT) is a term coined in the autistic community as a label for people who are not on the autism spectrum.[1] However, the term eventually became used for anyone who does not have atypical neurology: in other words, anyone who does not have autism, dyslexia, developmental coordination disorder, bipolar disorder, ADD/ADHD, or other similar conditions. The term has been replaced by some with "allistic", which has the same meaning as "neurotypical" did originally.[2] The concept was later adopted by both the neurodiversity movement and the scientific community.[3][4][5]

In the United Kingdom, the National Autistic Society recommends the use of the term in its advice to journalists.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sinclair, Jim (1998). "A note about language and abbreviations". Archived from the original on 2008-06-06. 
  2. ^ Cashin, A.; Sci, D. A. (2006). "Two terms—one meaning: the conundrum of contemporary nomenclature in autism". Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing 19 (3): 137–144. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6171.2006.00061.x. PMID 16913963. 
  3. ^ Hare, D. J.; Jones, S.; Evershed, K. (November 2006). "A comparative study of circadian rhythm functioning and sleep in people with Asperger syndrome". Autism 10 (6): 565–575. doi:10.1177/1362361306068509. PMID 17088273. 
  4. ^ O’Connor, K.; Hamm, J. P.; Kirk, I. J. (October 2005). "The neurophysiological correlates of face processing in adults and children with Asperger's syndrome". Brain and Cognition 59 (1): 82–95. doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2005.05.004. PMID 16009478. 
  5. ^ Myles, Brenda Smith; Huggins, Abigail; Rome-Lake, Maleia; Hagiwara, Taku; Barnhill, Gena P.; Griswold, Deborah E. (December 2003). "Written language profile of children and youth with Asperger syndrome: From research to practice". Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities 38 (4): 362–369. 
  6. ^ "How to talk about autism". National Autistic Society. Retrieved 2012-06-06.