Neurotypical

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Neurotypical or NT, an abbreviation of neurologically typical, is a neologism originating in the autistic community as a label for people who are not on the autism spectrum.[1] However, the term eventually became used for anyone who does not have atypical neurology. In other words, this refers to anyone who does not have developmental disabilities such as autism, dyslexia, developmental coordination disorder, or ADHD. The term was later adopted by both the neurodiversity movement and the scientific community.[2][3][4] Neurotypical has been replaced by some with "allistic", or "nypical"[5] which has the same meaning as "neurotypical" did originally.[6]

The National Autistic Society of the United Kingdom recommends the use of the term in its advice to journalists.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sinclair, Jim (1998). "A note about language and abbreviations". Archived from the original on 2008-06-06. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  2. ^ Hare, D. J.; Jones, S.; Evershed, K. (November 2006). "A comparative study of circadian rhythm functioning and sleep in people with Asperger syndrome". Autism 10 (6): 565–575. doi:10.1177/1362361306068509. PMID 17088273. 
  3. ^ O’Connor, K.; Hamm, J. P.; Kirk, I. J. (October 2005). "The neurophysiological correlates of face processing in adults and children with Asperger's syndrome" (PDF). Brain and Cognition 59 (1): 82–95. doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2005.05.004. PMID 16009478. 
  4. ^ Myles, Brenda Smith; Huggins, Abigail; Rome-Lake, Maleia; Hagiwara, Taku; Barnhill, Gena P.; Griswold, Deborah E. (December 2003). "Written language profile of children and youth with Asperger syndrome: From research to practice" (PDF). Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities 38 (4): 362–369. 
  5. ^ Robison, John Elder (2011). Be Different: My Adventures with Asperger's and My Advice for Fellow Aspergians, Misfits, Families, and Teachers (1st ed.). New York: Broadway Paperbacks. ISBN 9780307884824. OCLC 783043987. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  6. ^ Cashin, A.; Sci, D. A. (2006). "Two terms—one meaning: the conundrum of contemporary nomenclature in autism". Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing 19 (3): 137–144. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6171.2006.00061.x. PMID 16913963. 
  7. ^ "How to talk about autism". National Autistic Society. Retrieved 2012-06-06.